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Fascicolo 3/2018

 In questo numero:

Leonardo Buonomo | Raffaella Faggionato | Paola A. Nardi  | Paola Spinozzi e Marisa Verna  | Michela Gardini | Paola Spinozzi | Marisa Verna | Elena Raponi | Julie Crohas Commans | Anthony Ballas | Linda Levitt


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Leonardo Buonomo | Beyond the Travelogue: Catharine Maria Sedgwick’s
Plea for Italy in Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home
Catharine Maria Sedgwick (1789-1867) was arguably the most highly regarded American woman writer of the first half of the nineteenth century. Though deeply invested in the creation of a distinctively national literature, she was also remarkably cosmopolitan in her tastes and interests as testified by her 1841 travelogue Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home. This article examines the ways in which Sedgwick, while taking her readers on a traditional guided tour of celebrated cities, also tried to make them aware of the effects of foreign occupation and despotism on contemporary Italy.
Keywords: Catharine Maria Sedgwick, Letters from Abroad to Kindred at Home, nineteenthcentury American travel writing, Italian art, Risorgimento
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Raffaella Faggionato | Руссоизм и герметические науки в образах некоторых второстепенных героев Л. Н. Толстого
The paper explores the features of some minor characters taken from the works of Leo Tolstoy, all belonging to the lower classes. In previous studies these characters have been interpreted in the light of an ideal harmony inherited from Rousseau’s theories, however the genesis of such a figure as Platon Karataev, in War and Peace, reveals something different. These characters, who often catalyse the protagonists’ “epiphany”, are built on a Rousseauian philosophical background, merged with other lines of thought, namely those coming from the Hermetic tradition.
Keywords: Tolstojan minor characters, Tolstoj and the Hermetic tradition, Tolstoj and Rousseau’s theories, Genesis of Platon Karataev, The philosophical background of Tolstoj
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola A. Nardi | “They shoot the white girl first”. Violenza nell’Eden: Paradise di Toni Morrison
The essay reads Morrison’s Paradise as a celebration of the birth of the United States, reinterpreting some of the founding myths of the United States from a different perspective, an African-American one. Morrison shows the dangers of a mythological construction of the past based on a single domineering perspective that silences possible parallel narrations. At the same time, he reveals the limits and the violence of a reading of the history of the New World in terms of Paradise or, according to the ideology of the Manifest Destiny, of the optimistic interpretation of the ‘conquest of the West’ and the triumphant founding mythology of the Pilgrims Fathers.
Keywords: Toni Morrison, Paradise, African-American Literature, American History, American Founding Myths

SEZIONE TEMATICA

Edifici d’autore. Estetiche e ideologie nella narrazione dei monumenti

a cura di Paola Spinozzi e Marisa Verna

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Spinozzi e Marisa Verna | Introduzione
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Michela Gardini | Il Tempio Malatestiano tra il sacro e il profano: lo sguardo di Joséphin Péladan e Henry de Montherlant
Malatesta Temple emerges from the works of Joséphin Péladan (1858-1915) and of Henry de Montherlant (1896-1972) as a mental place where the authors project their aesthetic ideal without quitting ideological over-determinations. The temple imagined and told, but never seen in reality, constitutes a kind of palimpsest prone to new writings and interpretations. In the image of Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta, who ordered its construction, it attracts Péladan and Montherlant exactly because they are both charmed by this character as a figure of excess and transgression against the mediocrity of their contemporaries. In their eyes Malatesta seems to summarize in himself the contrasts as well as the Temple contains, by harmonizing, the opposites: the sacred and the profane, paganism and Christianity, the human and the divine. Place of memory, it constitutes a cultural hybrid, emblem of that Renaissance artistic ideal by which both the French writers are inspired. But if Péladan’s celebration of the Renaissance Art finds in the Temple an ideal where each part is in harmony with the whole, Montherlant’s exaltation, instead, attains the aesthetics of fragmentation and of the incomplete by finding in the image of the Temple destroyed the most extreme ending, echo of those tragical bombardments which, between December 1943 and June 1944, hit the building. So this one rises to a polysemic object forming narrations which find in the knowledge combination (literature, philosophy, politics, history, art) its own essence.
Keywords: Malatesta Temple, Joséphin Péladan, Henry de Montherlant, cultural hybrid
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Spinozzi | The Tempio Malatestiano as an Aesthetic and Ideological Incubator
Conceived by Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta in 1447, designed by Leon Battista Alberti, decorated by Agostino di Duccio, painted by Piero della Francesca, and left unfinished, the Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini exhibits distinctive marks of multiple intellects which have inspired tales, historical novels, poems, and essays. Writing (about) the Tempio between the second half to the nineteenth century and the present age, Jacob Burckhardt, John Addington Symonds, Charles Yriarte, E.M. Forster, Pasquale Villari, Edward Hutton, Ezra Pound, Aldous Huxley, and Adrian Stokes have generated a network of ekphrases across Europe. Diverse ekphrastic narratives reveal that the architectural building is a conceptual site which generates other conceptual sites, an incubator of aesthetic and ideological interpretations from different historical and cultural contexts.
The verbal renditions of the Tempio show how an architectural and conceptual building can host multiple aesthetic and ideological appropriations which allow us to define its historical role and reveal its characteristics as an intercultural and transnational catalyst.
Keywords: Tempio Malatestiano, ekphrasis, appropriation, aesthetics, British travellers
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marisa Verna | Sigismondo Malatesta, un criminale neoplatonico. Péladan lettore mistico
del Palazzo Malatestiano

This paper aims to tackle the ambiguity of Péladan’s interpretation of the Malatesta Temple of Rimini, the prestige of which is related for him to the faith in the Absolute of Art. In effect, in Példan’s novel Le Vice Suprême, Sigismondo becomes a hero for both his criminal reputation and his artistic prestige. Furthermore, in his theoretical work L’Art Idéaliste et Mystique, Péladan states that Sigismondo was devoted to the perfect religion of Beauty and was, therefore, pure. His Neoplatonic faith, as it is expressed in the artistic masterpieces of the Temple, makes him a priest of the only true Religion of Arts. This apparently linear stance veils in fact an ambivalent ideological attitude, that Péladan shares with the Decadent generation as a whole. Although conservative he was, the French writer was not aware of the consequences of some of his aesthetical statements, that inspired the far-right political movements of the early Twentieth Century’s Europe. The intrinsic ambivalence of ideological interpretation of monuments is, therefore, exemplarily represented by Péladan’s work.
Keywords: Sigismondo Malatesta, Tempio Malatestiano, Joséphin Péladan
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloElena Raponi | Monumenti, nazionalismo e letteratura nella Germania bismarckiana
e guglielmina. Theodor Fontane e Felix Dahn
The paper analyzes the literary treatment of the monuments of Bismarckian and Wilhelmine Germany. This was a period in which the enthusiasm for the birth of the Second Reich and the need for moral as well as political unification of the nation led to a proliferation of monuments celebrating significant events and figures in German history. In particular, we examine the novel Effi Briest by Theodor Fontane (1819-1898) and the prose and poetry of Felix Dahn (1834- 1912), in which two types of monuments that were commonly found at the time are portrayed: on the one hand the official monuments of the Hohenzollerns, the expression of a dynastic and pro-government patriotism, and on the other hand the monuments created through spontaneous initiatives, like the many Bismarck Towers or the statues of Arminius, which reflected a radical nationalist patriotism that was ‘anti-establishment’. The paper examines the function and meaning of the two types of monument in the works of Dahn and Fontane and the differences in the attitudes of the two writers, without neglecting cases of ‘missing’ monuments such as the aborted project of a monument to Heinrich Heine.
Keywords: monuments and literature, literature and nationalism, Bismarckian and Wilhelmine Germany, Theodor Fontane, Felix Dahn
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloJulie Crohas Commans | Au pied du mur. Les architectures narratives chez Philippe Forest
Le temple de Borobudur et le torii de Nagasaki sont parmi les innombrables édifices et monuments, célèbres, mythiques ou anonymes, qui illustrent la cartographie romanesque de Philippe Forest. De L’Enfant éternel (1997) à Crue (2016), un inlassable narrateur, père d’une enfant perdue, arpente le monde afin, une fois au pied du mur, d’accéder autrement à la réalité et à l’impossible. L’article recense et définit ces architectures narratives et l’épreuve, au sens multiple du terme, qui en résulte.
The Borobudur Temple and the torii of Nagasaki are among the numerous monuments and buildings that illustrate the cartography of Philippe Forest’s novels. From L’Enfant éternel (1997) to Crue (2016), a tireless narrator, father of a lost child, strides across the world, in order to reach the reality and the impossible by other means, once his back is against the wall. The article makes an inventory and defines the proof, in multiple senses of the term, resulting from this narrative architecture.
Keywords: Philippe Forest, narration, architecture, cartography, proof
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloAnthony Ballas | Hip Hop and Monumentality: Lupe Fiasco’s Re-Narrativization of the Lorraine Motel
This paper employs Mario Gooden’s diagnoses of African American museums, Henri Lefebvre’s critique of monumental architecture, and Henry Louis Gates Jr.’s notion of Signifyin(g) toward the examination of American rap artist Lupe Fiasco’s re-narrativization of architectural space, specifically the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee where Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated in 1968. The Lorraine Motel has since been transformed into the Civil Rights Museum, and poses an architectural and aesthetic problem according to Gooden, who is critical of the spatial strategies implemented at the site, using the museum as an example of what he refers to as the “problem with African American museums,” calling for a re-imagination of monumental spaces paying tribute to the Civil Rights movement and black identity. Fiasco’s lyrical constructions in his songs Brave Heart and Audubon Ballroom, refer generally to architectural space, and particularly to the Lorraine Motel, emphasizing the materiality of the signifier while modulating the meaning of these spaces through metaphor and chiasmus, which Gates Jr. identifies as the unique proclivity belonging to black vernacular. This paper concludes that Fiasco’s lyrical narrative of the Lorraine Motel demonstrates the potential of Signifyin(g) to modulate perception of the static architecture of the site which keeps black identity mired to the past.
Keywords: African American, Henri Lefebvre, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Hip Hop, Mario Gooden
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloLinda Levitt | The Vietnam Veterans Memorial A conversation
This essay is intended as a conversation: the voices of those who created the Vietnam Veterans Memorial have a story to tell. If language creates reality rather than representing it, then this is an etymological tracing of the Memorial. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial remains a discursive site, where visitors leave remembrances and tell their stories. The many voices and many stories reflect the polysemic nature of the Memorial, as the desire to be inclusive is essential to its design.
Keywords: Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin, Jan Scruggs, commemoration
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

 

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here,  as ePub file by clicking here,  and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2/2018

 In questo numero:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Renato Rizzoli | Metafora e ideologia in Hamlet: il discorso mercantilista
The purpose of this essay is to analyse the economic imagery in Hamlet as it occurs in the play mainly in the form of similitudes, puns and metaphors. My point is that the economic images reproduce (and reaffirm) the central tenets of a mercantilist discourse along with its ambivalent notion of the market, which wavers between hegemonic, nationalistic attitudes and cosmopolitan and universal ones. This ambiguity plays an important role in underlining Hamlet’s ethical and epistemological deadlock in the role of revenger by tracing it, rather than to the eclipse of the late medieval order (according to Carl Scmitt’s famous thesis), to the contradictions of a modernity in progress to which the mercantilist discourse belongs.
Keywords: Mercantilism, money, goods exchange, Puritanism, Christian Humanism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Luca Brezzo | Esotismo, antischiavismo, colonialismo: Adventures in Borneo di Catherine Gore
Within Catherine Gore’s vast literary corpus there is an uncharacteristic novel titled Adventures in Borneo: A Tale of a Shipwreck (1849), in which the author experiments with exotic settings and adventures, a fictional subgenre in which she is not entirely comfortable. In the period of its publication, the British press was reporting and commenting on the controversial events involving Sir James Brooke, the White Rajah of Sarawak, and his anti-piracy campaign in the waters of the Malay Archipelago. In this article I try to investigate Gore’s take on such a delicate topic as British conduct in remote foreign lands, vis-à-vis alien cultures; I also refer to one of her unpublished letters, as well as to Brooke’s journal published in 1846 – most likely her primary source for the socio-cultural information on the Borneo population deployed in the novel. This article also seeks to contribute to the critical-literary debate over Catherine Gore providing a starting point for a more thorough study of her attitude towards British colonialism.
Keywords: Catherine Gore, James Brooke, Adventures in Borneo, exoticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor | “La parola di un uomo onesto significa ciò che dice” Romano Guardini lettore di Rilke.
The reflection on human existence described by Rainer Maria Rilke in the arduous verses of the Duineser Elegien, one of the highest expressions of 20th century poetry, has been the object of a long, rigorous and illuminating meditation by Romano Guardini. To remember the great Italian-German Catholic intellectual, theologian and philosopher on the 50th anniversary of his death (1968-2018), this contribution anticipates some of the contents developed in the collection of Guardini’s writings on Rilke edited by the author, which will be published in 2019 by Morcelliana. Three are the main elements highlighted here: the academic and didactic reasons that led Guardini to reflect on Rilkes’ work; the essential outline of his hermeneutics; finally, the main reasons that caused Guardini to take a very critical stand towards Rilkes’ poetry, which represents a painful and dramatic reflection on the annihilation of the modern man.
Keywords: Romano Guardini, Rainer Maria Rilke, Elegie Duinesi
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marilena Genovese | La narrazione lecléziana e il pluralismo dei procedimenti espressivi
Since the inauguration of his career in 1963, with Le procès-verbal, 2008 Nobel Laureate, J.-M. Gustave Le Clézio has published over 40 works. His writing is characterized by an original style, in which the language aims to reproduce the complexity of reality. He writes about landscapes and traditions, nature (the richness of its fauna and flora), modern society – through various narrative strategies – collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech – that we will explore in this article.
Keywords: writing style, narrative strategies, collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Yahis Martari | Come scrivono i politici italiani su Facebook Appunti per un’analisi linguistica comparativa
This article aims at proposing a linguistic analysis of 358 posts written on Facebook (FB) by six Italian politicians. More specifically, the corpus consists of six official political Italian pages, which can be divided into two samples (three pages per sample), corresponding to two different observation moments: 1. December 2012 – January 2013 (88 post); 2. May – August 2017 (270 post). While the focus of attention is on posts, comments have also been taken into account in this survey (10 for each post). The two samples here analyzed are fairly close in time, but, given the accelerated speed of web evolution, some (micro-)diachronic remarks can be made in order to show how the Italian politicians’ communication on FB has been changed from 2013 to 2017.
In sections 1 and 2 the issue concerning the language of politics on the web (with special reference to social networks) has been introduced and the corpus has been presented in detail; in sections 3 and 4, the language and the stylistic characteristics of the two samples have been analyzed; finally, in sections 5 and 6, some concluding remarks are given, especially focusing the most recent sample.
Keywords: political communication, linguistic analysis, Facebook, writing
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Valentina Noseda | La corpus revolution russa e il corpus parallelo italiano-russo: storia, criteri di compilazione e usi
This paper aims at presenting the Italian-Russian parallel corpus, expanded in 2015 and now available within the Russian National Corpus (Nacional’nyj Korpus Russkogo Jazyka). In particular, the paper describes the history, the design criteria, the phases of construction and the potential offered by this tool for language and literary studies in the field of Italian Slavistics.
Keywords: Corpus linguistics, parallel corpora, corpus design, contrastive linguistics, applied linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato | The Home of the Brave. Sezione monografica a cura di G. Segato Hard, Stoic, Isolate, and a Killer. Appunti sul carattere americano
Questa sezione riprende alcuni degli interventi presentati al seminario di studi The Home of the Brave, svoltosi presso la sede milanese dell’Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore il 22 novembre 2016, con il contributo dei Dipartimenti di Scienze linguistiche e Letterature Straniere e di Scienze Politiche, cui vanno i miei più sentiti ringraziamenti. L’obiettivo del seminario era celebrare i duecentoquarant’anni dalla Dichiarazione d’Indipendenza degli Stati Uniti d’America (1776). In questa prospettiva, ci sembrò opportuno pensare a un titolo che esprimesse una certa solennità e, allo stesso tempo, alludesse almeno a una ‘qualità strutturale’ del carattere americano. The Home of the Brave – il terzo verso dell’inno nazionale americano, fortunatamente mai cantato – ci pareva un’espressione che centrasse abbastanza bene l’obiettivo.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloGiulio Segato | A Man of Honor. Note sulle origini dell’eroe del romanzo poliziesco americano
This paper aims to examine the origin of the hard-boiled hero. I suggest it is possible to find his first arrival in the frontier romance created by James Fenimore Cooper in 1823 with The Pioneer, in which Natty Bumppo makes his first appearance, the real archetype of the hard-boiled detective. Then there is a second important stage: Allan Pinkerton’s narratives drawn from his real experience as a private vigilante. Pinkerton’s detectives were strong men of honor with a clear moral view, so his fictional heroes had the same features. The last influence on the hard-boiled hero is to be found in the dime novels protagonists’ evolution. If at first they were only cowboys, scouts or outlaws, at the end of XIX century they became detectives and the setting of the stories changed: no longer the landscape of the US/Mexico border but the big cities.
Keywords: Hard-boiled hero, detective novel, dime novels, J.F. Cooper, Allan Pinkerton
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloAnna De Biasio| Eroismo e femminile, un binomio difficile: il caso di Margaret Fuller
Starting from some definitions of ‘female heroism’ that highlight it as a problematic concept, this essay focuses on Margaret Fuller’s interest in different meanings and interpretations of the heroic ideal. Her Italian experience enables Fuller to recognize Giuseppe Mazzini as a supreme embodiment of modern heroism, as well as to explore the potential (which had already been taken into consideration in her treatise Woman in the Nineteenth Century) and the limits of a female incarnation of heroism.
Keywords: Female heroism, bravery, righteous violence
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFranco Lonati | “Una silenziosa litania operaia”. L’America di Carl Sandburg
This paper aims to examine Carl Sandburg’s unusual trajectory from militant poet and socialist propagandist to standard-bearer for the American values of unity, freedom and progress. If in his first book, Chicago Poems, the author harshly criticized the American lifestyle and the capitalist system, over the years we witness a gradual transformation, which mitigates Sandburg’s controversial positions, until he became an embodiment of the founding ideals of the nation and a symbol of the American Dream.
Keywords: Sandburg, Lincoln, Chicago, America, Socialism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here,  as ePub file by clicking here,  and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 1/2018

In this Issue:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Veronka Szőke | The Norwegian Rune Poem in context: structure, style and imagery
The Norwegian Rune Poem has often been evaluated negatively because of an overall impression of a lack of coherence and cohesion. Analysis of the poem against the background of wisdom tradition has allowed a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in its composition. The article considers the poem in parallel with Sólarljóð and Málsháttakvæði – two poetic works deriving from the same cultural context – and aims to further analise the poem’s structure and illuminate aspects of its imagery.
Keywords: Norwegian Rune Poem, Sólarljóð, Málsháttakvæði, runic lore
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alida Silletti | ‘Aller + infinitif’ et ‘andare a + infinitif’ : effets de sens ‘illustratif’ et ‘risolutivo’
Cette contribution aborde les parcours de grammaticalisation et les effets de sens d’‘aller + infinitif’ et de ‘andare a + infinitif’ en français et en italien contemporains. A partir d’un corpus parallèle de presse, nous montrerons que les effets de sens « illustratif » de la périphrase française et « risolutivo » de la périphrase italienne ne relèvent pas d’une correspondance entre les deux périphrases mais plutôt d’un simple contact entre leurs effets de sens.
The present research deals with the grammaticalization paths and with the semantic values of ‘aller + infinitive’ and of ‘andare a + infinitive’ in contemporary French and Italian. On the basis of a parallel press corpus, our investigation will show that the « illustrative » use of the French structure and the « risolutivo » use of the Italian do not depend on a correspondence between the two periphrases but on a simple case of contact between their semantic values.
Keywords : aller + infinitive; andare a + Infinitive, grammaticalization ; illustrative and risolutivo semantic values, contrastive analysis
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Monica Barsi | Sugli adattamenti italiani del Mauger bleu (1968) e del Mauger rouge (1977) 
The contribution studies the adaptations of the textbooks for the French teaching of Mauger bleu and Mauger rouge in Italian editions at Petrini. The two Maugers are significant in the history of glottodydactics because they attest, from the 1960s to the 1970s, the transition from a grammar of the parts of speech to a grammar of structures. In Italy, we will see the same movement that is here evoked to contextualize the Mauger in the Italian publishing market.
Keywords: Glottodidactics, second language teaching, French teaching, teaching methods
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Teatro sentimentale e propaganda Les Victimes cloîtrées di Jacques-Marie Boutet 
L’articolo studia, attraverso l’analisi linguistica del testo, la componente emotiva della pièce teatrale Les Victimes cloîtrées del drammaturgo francese Boutet detto Monvel. L’analisi viene condotta a livello lessicale, discorsivo e retorico, combinando il metodo messo a punto da Christian Plantin con il modello dell’umanista Rodolfo Agricola. Essa consente di far emergere in che modo il carattere sentimentale dell’opera sia strumentalizzato ai fini politici della propaganda, nel contesto della Rivoluzione francese.
We outline the emotive elements in the dramatic work of Boutet (Monvel), Les Victimes cloîtrées. Linguistic and discourse analysis are based both on Christian Plantin’s methodology and on Rodolphus Agricola’s XVth century model. It appears that the sentimental component of the pièce is consistent with the ideological goal of supporting Jacobin politics and discrediting the Church, in the context of the French Revolution.
Keywords: emotive argumentation, manipulation, emotions in discourse analysis, discourse analysis and argumentation, French Revolution
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Bernard Haidacher | Zur Geschichte, Verbreitung und (Nicht-)Rezeption des Begriffes ‘Konfix’ 
André Martinet (1979) ist der Schöpfer des Terminus ‘Konfix’. In der französischen Sprachwissenschaft war die Verbreitung der Kategorie jedoch schwierig und sie wird dort kaum angewendet. Im Französischen sind diese gebundenen Morpheme meist in die neoklassische Komposition eingebettet. In der aktuellen französischen Forschung wird das Phänomen in das abstrakte Schema der Konstruktions-Morphologie integriert, die jedoch keine Sonderkategorien kennt. In der Germanistik hingegen, sind Konfixe zwischenzeitlich als eigene Kategorie, wenn auch unterschiedlich diskutiert, fixer Bestandteil der Grammatik.
André Martinet (1979) is the originator of the term ‘confix’. However, in Romance linguistics the concept has not enjoyed much popularity. In French, we find a multitude of terms for these bound morphemes, which are typically integrated in the framework of composition. Nowadays, French linguists use the abstract schema of construction morphology, in which there are no specific categories. The German-speaking literature, by contrast, has paid a great deal of attention to the phenomenon.
Keywords: confix(es), research tradition, morphology, word-formation, neoclassical compounding
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giancarmine Bongo | Allgemeine Diskursreferenz in deutschen und italienischen Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln 
Der Beitrag untersucht ein Korpus von 40 Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln (jeweils 20 auf deutscher und auf italienischer Sprache) im Hinblick auf die Relation, die jeder wissenschaftliche Text zum eigenen Forschungshintergrund herzustellen hat. Im Rahmen einer solchen Bezugnahme hebt sich ein spezifisches Phänomen ab, das in Anlehnung an den von Foucault entwickelten Diskursbegriff als ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz‘ bezeichnet werden könnte. Es handelt sich um die Relation zur Menge des ‚Bereits-Gesagten‘, zur Menge aller effektiven Aussagen, ohne Bezug auf einzelne Werke, Beiträge bzw. Autoren: es handelt sich mit anderen Worten um die Möglichkeit, eine nicht intertextuelle Relation zu einem Universum von Texten herzustellen. Wie und inwiefern kommt eine derartige ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz in den analysierten Einleitungen zustande? Gibt es kulturbezogene Unterschiede zwischen den deutschen und den italienischen Texten?
This study examines a corpus of 40 Introductions to articles published in scientific specialized journals (20 in German language, 20 in Italian language), with regard to the relation, that each scientific text has to establish with its research background. Within this relation a peculiar dimension emerges, which on the basis of the concept of discourse by Foucault could be defined as ‚General Discourse Reference‘. It is the relation with the research background as the field of the ‘already-said’, of all effective statements, without reference to specific works or authors: it is thus the possibility to establish a not intertextual relation with a universe of texts. How and in what extent is such a ‚General Discourse Reference‘ realized in the analyzed Introductions? Are there cultural differences between German and Italian articles?
Keywords: discourse reference, introductions, scientific articles, German, Italian
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti | I risultati di un’indagine sull’insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori nell’ambito dell’italiano L2/LS
Il saggio presenta i risultati di una ricerca sui metodi di insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori in italiano come lingua seconda (L2). L’indagine è stata sottoposta agli insegnanti e l’analisi mostra che pochi insegnanti hanno la consapevolezza della complessità del lessico e dei meccanismi connessi con i testi. La rappresentazione del colore in diverse lingue è contemplata da un numero molto breve di informanti, dando l’idea che la trasmissione del vocabolario nell’insegnamento della L2 sia un mero fatto di traduzione fra le due lingue. Alla luce di questi dati, gli insegnanti dovrebbero essere coinvolti nelle pratiche di apprendimento per comprendere il ruolo del vocabolario e del lessico in una lingua e dei metodi per insegnarli nelle classi di L2.
The essay presents the results of a survey on the teaching methods and the representation of colors in Italian as Second Language (ISL). The survey was administered to the teachers and the analysis shows that few teachers have the awareness of the lexicon complexity and the mechanisms connected to the texts. The representation of colors in different languages is contemplated by a very short number of informants, giving the idea that the transmission of the vocabulary in ISL education is a mere fact of translation between the two languages. In the light of these data, teachers should be involved in learning practices in order to understand the role of the vocabulary and the lexicon in a language and the methods for teaching it in ISL classes.
Keywords: colors, vocabulary, L2-LS, ethnolinguistics, psycholinguistics, acquisitional linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFrancesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci | Metapragmatica della cortesia nell’Italia del primo Ottocento. La polemica sulla cortesia tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini: utilitarismo o principio di carità
This article shows an example of explicit argumentation about politeness: the dispute between Melchiorre Gioja and Antonio Rosmini about the chapter Apologia della moda written by Melchiorre Gioja in the Nuovo Galateo (1820). In particular, we examine Rosmini’s Galateo de’letterati (1828) and we focus on arguments that justify Rosmini’s metapragmatics comments and fallacies.
L’articolo presenta un episodio di argomentazione esplicita sulla cortesia: la disputa sorta tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini circa il capitolo Apologia della moda contenuto nel Nuovo Galateo (1820) di Melchiorre Gioja. Si prendono in esame, in particolare, le giustificazioni argomentative dei commenti metapragmatici, e le fallacie attribuite da Rosmini a Gioja nel Galateo de’letterati (1828).
Keywords: Politeness, argumentation, nineteenth-century, Italy, controversy, fallacy
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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Fascicolo 2/2017 Supplemento

In questo numero:

Jennifer Valcke, Amanda C. Murphy, Francesca Costa | Joanne Pagèze, David Lasagabaster | Elizabeth Long  | Susanna Broggini| Robert Wilkinson, René Gabriëls | Cristina Mariotti | Francesca Helm, Fiona Dalziel


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Jennifer Valcke, Amanda C. Murphy, Francesca Costa | Introduction EMI – A Tool for the Internationalisation of Higher Education
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Round table moderated by Prof. Simonetta Polenghi, Professor of History of Education, Head of the Department of Education | What are we Changing when we Teach in English? Views from the Schools of Economics, Mathematics and Physics, Engineering and Linguistics
The Round Table was set up to provide a variety of answers to the same question: What are we changing when we teach in English? Representatives from four different disciplinary areas took part, three from Milan – Management, Engineering and Linguistics – and two – Maths and Physics – from Brescia. The issues that were brought up overlap to some extent, but each disciplinary area pointed out something original, indicating areas for future research. The speakers’ contributions have been edited slightly, but some elements of spoken discourse have been preserved for the sake of authenticity.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Costa | The Introduction of English as an Academic Language in a Faculty of Physics and Mathematics in Italy
The use of English as a medium of instruction at university level has increased dramatically in the last 15 years all over Europe. English-taught programmes are often imposed top-down, and this article presents one of the very few cases in which the process and decision-making have been documented, in terms of a pre-feasibility study conducted through a student questionnaire and interview with the Dean. The research is set within the Italian context of a Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. Results reveal that in general students have a positive attitude towards this implementation, but many adjustments still need to be carried out.
Keywords: EMI, English as an academic language, Mathematics and physics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Joanne Pagèze, David Lasagabaster| Teacher Development for Teaching and Learning in English in a French
Higher Education Context
Discussion of the impact of institutional initiatives on the development of EMI in the French context has been minimal due to the particular way in which EMI has emerged in France. The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of a teacher development initiative set up in 2014 at the University of Bordeaux in order to help disciplinary teachers make the transition to teaching their discipline in English. The objective here is to explore how local context is impacting this shift in teaching and learning practices through EMI.
Keywords: teacher development / EMI / France / Internationalisation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elizabeth Long | Have we got the Lecturing Lingo? 311Have we got the Lecturing Lingo?
This article maps the evolution of lecturer training courses at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia since 2011 to the present to meet the growth of English taught degree programmes being offered. It illustrates a three-pronged approach developed to deliver methodological and language instruction to Italian lecturers through three distinct “Lecturing in English” modules, outlining the rationale behind each element. It also considers the new role of the teacher trainer in training university teachers.
Keywords: English Medium Instruction, teacher education, ongoing professional development, English-taught programmes, UNIMORE.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Susanna Broggini, Amanda C. Murphy | Metadiscourse in EMI lectures: Reflections on a Small Corpus of Spoken Academic Discourse
This paper describes a qualitative study on the use of metadiscourse in EMI university courses. It adopts Noble’s simplified and restricted classification model of metadiscourse markers, adapted from Ädel, focuses on reflexive language and is applied to academic spoken discourse.
Keywords: Metadiscourse, discourse analysis, academic spoken discourse, corpus-based study, qualitative research
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Robert Wilkinson, René Gabriëls | Adapting to EMI in Higher Education: Students’ Perceived Learning Strategies 341Adapting to EMI in Higher Education: Students’ Perceived Learning Strategies
To a varying extent, many universities are changing their language of instruction to English in order to position themselves in the global market of higher education. This change attracts mobile students who wish to undertake studies abroad, but they may have to adjust the way they study. The central question in the study we report here is how students perceive an effect of English-medium instruction on their learning strategies. In an exploratory study, students were interviewed about their learning strategies as a consequence of EMI, about possible inequalities in EMI and how they perceive them. The findings suggest that modification of learning strategies depends on personal agency and the learning context. The interviews reveal three types of linguistic asymmetry at the individual level under EMI. The qualitative data confirm findings of previous studies and suggest new perspectives for quantitative research on learning strategies in EMI and linguistic inequalities.
Keywords: English-medium instruction (EMI), learning strategies, language inequalities, linguistic asymmetry
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFrancesca Costa, Cristina Mariotti | Students’ Outcomes in English-Medium Instruction: Is there any Difference Related to Discipline?
This paper focuses on the acquisition of content in Economics and Science EMI classes taught by the same lecturers. The control group consists of L1-taught classes (Italian), whereas the experimental group consists of L2-taught classes (English). Students’ marks in two comparable written exams are analysed. Data are complemented with interviews with the lecturers. The results show that in some instances the two groups differ significantly as regards the acquisition of content.
Keywords: ICLHE, content acquisition, content presentation, English-medium instruction, Italian-medium instruction
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Helm, Fiona Dalziel | Beyond the Classroom: the Impact of EMI on a University’s Linguistic Landscape
In this paper we explore the linguistic landscape of an Italian state university. A “Linguistic Landscape” refers to the language visible in public spaces, and to a transdisciplinary approach adopted in language policy studies, often in “arenas of contestation”. The EMI context can be considered such an arena; linguistic landscaping offers an exciting new methodological approach, enabling observation of the changing face of universities in their quest for ever-increasing internationalisation.
Keywords: English-Medium Instruction (EMI), Linguistic Landscape (LL), language policy, internationalisation

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Call for papers Signature Buildings. Aesthetics and Ideologies in the Narration of Monuments.

Signature Buildings.

Aesthetics and Ideologies in the Narration of Monuments.

Edited by Paola Spinozzi e Marisa Verna

 

We propose to devote a thematic section of Issue 2/2018 to expressions of creative writing inspired by monuments. Our aim is to understand how and why diverse re/constructions of their specific genesis, descriptions of architectural features, explanations of symbolism, histories of mentors, sponsors and artists generate over/interpretations in the form of essays, short stories, historical novels and poems. Each article will investigate the ways in which writers, while speculating on and verbally reconstructing a monument, can instil aesthetic and ideological appreciations.

The narration of monuments will be examined with particular reference to:

— polysemantic buildings, rooted in a specific place and historical context, but also open to multiple intercultural elaborations;

— modes of constructing, restructuring or contesting historical identities and cultural memories;

— stimuli for the imagery, through which mythical figures and events are evoked.

We intend to select articles focusing on the narration of monuments in various countries, in order to be able to draw a broad international atlas.

 

Those who would like to contribute a paper, are invited to send an abstract in English of max 400 words, with 3-5 keywords, no later than November 15, 2017. Abstracts should be sent to Marisa Verna (marisa.verna@unicatt.it) and Paola Spinozzi (paola.spinozzi@unife.it).

Authors will be notified about the acceptance of their contribution no later than November 30, 2017.

The deadline for the complete article is March 1, 2018. Articles should be max 50.000 characters long (including spaces) and should follow the journal Stylesheet, which can be downloaded at: www.analisilinguisticaeletteraria.eu

The thematic section will be published in December 2018.

Fascicolo 1/2017

In questo numero:

Luisa Camaiora | Federico Bellini | Laila Paracchini | Carla Vergaro | Michela Murano | Sibilla Cantarini e Gaston Gross | Marco Budassi | Rebecca Schar | Nazarena Fazzari


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Luisa Camaiora | Articulations of the Economic Motif in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet 
L’articolo analizza la presenza dell’aspetto economico nel Romeo and Juliet di Shakespeare, esa­minando alcune tematiche quali il denaro e la ricchezza, la proprietà e le procedure legali, i con­tratti e l’eredità, il mercantilismo e la navigazione, il significato e la rilevanza dell’oro. L’aspetto monetario è ritenuto contribuire alla creazione di un’intelaiatura di stime esplicite o implicite che riguardano il concetto di valore e sono funzionali al mantenimento di una consapevolezza valutativa.
Keywords: Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet, money, economic motifs
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federico Bellini | Charity, Melancholy, and the Protestant Ethic in Herman Melville’s Bartleby and Cock-A-Doodle-Doo!
Relying on Max Weber’s and Colin Campbell’s description of the Spirit of Capitalism, I plan to interpret the narrators of Melville’s Bartleby and Cock-A-Doodle-Doo! as embodying two com­plementary aspects of the same ethical attitude informing such spirit. This is characterized by the oscillation between sentimentalism and individualism, charity and egoism, idealism and pragmatism, which Melville detected in the everyman of his time. In particular, I will focus on the references to the theological debate on free will and to the theme of melancholy as pivotal elements to comprehend Melville’s insight. Finally, I will show how Merrymusk and Bartleby, the two other main characters of the stories, may be seen as representing Melville’s attempt to question the American society of his time.
Keywords: Herman Melville, Bartleby, melancholy, charity, protestant ethic
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laila Paracchini | La lingua di Internet in Russia: stato della ricerca
Il presente lavoro offre una mappatura relativa allo sviluppo degli studi di Internet Linguistics in Russia negli ultimi quindici anni. Grazie all’analisi di molti materiali esistenti, il contributo de­scrive le principali linee di ricerca verso cui, in ambito russo, si è orientata l’indagine sul rapporto tra la diffusione di Internet e il manifestarsi di nuove forme d’uso della lingua.
Keywords: Russian language of Internet, Internet linguistics in Russia, Russian lexicon of the Internet, Russian net-discourse, virtual genres in Runet
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Carla Vergaro | Come fare le cose con i testi: A Modell of Christian Charity di John Winthrop
Nelle analisi del Modell of Christian Charity, il sermone che John Winthrop pronunciò nel 1630, molto è stato detto relativamente al contesto storico-culturale alla base della produzione del testo. L’analisi proposta in questo saggio si concentra fondamentalmente sul testo, partendo dal presupposto che la sua essenza possa essere analizzata investigando ciò che, in prospetti­va azionale, il testo ‘fa’ in uno specifico dominio del discorso. L’approccio utilizzato è dunque pragmatico e basato sulla teoria degli atti linguistici. Esso prende in considerazione il contesto, sia nella dimensione oggettiva che cognitiva, ed esplora in che modo il testo del Modell svolga la sua funzione in un determinato ambito discorsivo. L’analisi considera tre livelli illocutori: il livello degli atti linguistici, la combinazione degli atti linguistici in unità superiori che chiamia­mo funzioni testuali, e la combinazione di queste funzioni testuali in un determinato profilo funzionale. Particolare attenzione viene data al livello intermedio delle funzioni testuali poiché esse, in particolare, mettono in luce le caratteristiche distintive del testo quale esemplare di un particolare genere. L’analisi è finalizzata a mostrare il modo in cui Winthrop crea i motivi per una azione collettiva attraverso l’uso magistrale del profilo funzionale del genere sermone, com­binato con l’uso, altrettanto magistrale, della polisemia lessicale. Il risultato è un testo in cui tout se tient, e che è unanimemente considerato uno dei testi fondativi della letteratura e della cultura americana.
Keywords: Winthrop, sermon, illocutionary levels, text functions
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Michela Murano | ‘Ecologie’ et ‘environnement’ dans l’espace dictionnairique francais
Objets culturels, les dictionnaires sont le produit de la période qui les fait naìtre : « Alors mème qu’ils semblent destinés à fixer les savoirs, ils ne sont en vérité, à l’échelle du temps, que des ins- tantanés » (Pruvost, 2006). Lenregistrement de mots nouveaux et l’évolution de leur traitement dans les dictionnaires généraux représentent donc le reflet de l’émergence de nouvelles réalités et de leurs changements au sein d’une société. Dans notre communication, nous nous proposons de retracer la présence évidente et en filigrane des mots écologie et environnement, ainsi que de leurs dérivés et des composés avec éco-, dans cinq éditions du Petit Robert (1ère éd. 1967) qui s’étalent sur plus de 40 ans. Le relevé des entrées au niveau de la macrostructure sera suivi de l’analyse de l’évolution de quelques articles (éco-, écolo, écologie and environnement) ; enfin, nous évaluerons l’affirmation progressive de la marque de domaine écol.
Keywords: monolingual lexicography, French lexicography (20th century), ecology, environ­ment, derivational field
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sibilla Cantarini e Gaston Gross | Forme di espressione della causalità nel confronto francese-tedesco
Il presente contributo è uno studio tipologico delle forme di espressione della causa in france­se e tedesco. Si descrivono molteplici mezzi linguistici che attualizzano la causalità. In modo particolare, sono prese in esame la causa a effetto e la causa esplicativa, di cui si descrivono ca­ratteristiche sintattiche e semantiche. La disamina riguarda diversi tipi di meccanismi alle base della causalità, nella fattispecie la metafora, l’inferenza e l’enunciazione. Si osserva quindi che la causalità non è riconducibile nelle lingue considerate ad una definizione unica.
Keywords: cause to effect, explicative cause, metaphor, inference, utterance
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloMarco Budassi | Estrazione del ‘che’ polivalente da un corpus POS-taggato: limiti e possibilità
Cifra caratteristica dell’italiano neo-standard sono tratti linguistici una volta appartenenti al sub-standard, come il ‘che’ polivalente. In questo lavoro mi sono occupato di valutare se sia possibile o meno rintracciare il ‘che’ polivalente in un corpus annotato solamente per part of speech. Dai dati emerge come le sotto-tipologie di ‘che’ polivalente di tipo ‘giustappositivo’ siano estraibili dal corpus tramite query, mentre le sotto-tipologie di tipo ‘restrittivo’ non lo siano.
Keywords: corpus linguistics, POS-tagging, polyvalent use of che, neo-standard Italian, syntax
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rebecca Schar | Definitional Arguments in Children’s Speech 
Based on the debate on children’s ability to produce argumentative discourse in different edu­cational settings, this paper provides further support for the fact that small children are able to support their opinions with arguments. In particular, the paper makes a case in point on children’s appeal to definitional loci, when supporting their standpoints. The analysis of their reasoning’s implicit components shows how children apply different definitional arguments.
Keywords: adult-children interaction, argumentation, definition, small children’s speech
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Nazarena Fazzari | Tra stabilità sociale e pornografia: giochi di parole sovversivi e armonizzazione su Internet nell’era Hu Jintao
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the policies adopted by the government of Hu Jintao (2002-2012) about the Internet. Such laws have been partially translated into Italian. Their aim alternates between the fight against pornography and the protection of social stability. The ‘digital resistance’ attempts to evade censorship through homophony, e.g. through the Baidu ten mythical creatures, the most famous being Caonima.
Keywords: Internet in China, digital resistance, harmonious society, caonima, censorship
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Margherita Ulrych
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Tradizione della cultura classica a cura di Guido Milanese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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Fascicolo 2/2016

In questo numero:

Elisa Bolchi | Paola Nardi | Erica Maggioni | Elisa Ramazzina | Laura Bignotti | Davide Vago | Federica Locatelli | Vittoria Prencipe | Franco Lonati | Daniela Fargione | Francesco Toniolo | Caterina Allais | Costanza Cucchi | Sonia Piotti | Nataly Botero


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Bolchi e Davide Vago, Introduzione. L’eredità del pensiero ecologico 
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo André Bucher, Le Canyon
Si presenta qui un’intensa pagina di prosa letteraria tratta da La Montagne de la dernière chance, nella quale lo scrittore André Bucher descrive un rude paesaggio alpino, i cui elementi naturali (rocce, crepacci, acque e piante) sembrano animarsi, emanare grida allarmate, assumere compor¬tamenti non dissimili da quelli dell’uomo. Il vitalismo che anima la terra, anche nel senso delle urla che essa emette nei confronti della specie che oggi più che mai sembra minacciarla — quella umana — ci pare un’introduzione, sintetica e unitaria, ai temi che sono affrontati in questo nu¬mero monografico della Rivista, che porta il titolo Ecocritica ed ecodiscorso. Nuove reciprocità tra umanità e Pianeta. Questo testo ci è stato gentilmente concesso dall’Autore, che ringraziamo sentitamente.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Serenella Iovino, Un po troppo incorruttibile. Ecologia, responsabilità e un’idea di trascendenza 
Prendendo spunto da un passo del Sistema periodico in cui Levi definisce Dio un “maestro di polimerizzazioni” che non ama le sostanze “troppo incorruttibili”, questo saggio discute il tema della responsabilità ambientale e della trascendenza in relazione all’ecologia. In particolare, ci si sofferma sul pensiero di H. Jonas e sul legame che connette l’idea di responsabilità ambientale in Das Prinzip Verantwortung (1979) al pensiero dell’impotenza di Dio in Der Gottesbegriff nach Auschwitz (1987). Il saggio si conclude considerando le implicazioni di questi concetti per le en¬vironmental humanities, in connessione con i discorsi sulla giustizia ambientale (la slow violence di R. Nixon) e le nuove ontologie degli iper-oggetti (la object-oriented-ontology di Morton). Idea fondamentale è che la letteratura, specie quando ci parla della materialità e del nostro rapporto con il non umano, è una voce importante nell’orizzonte immanente/trascendente del nostro essere ambientale.
Keywords: Environmental humanities, ethics, ecology, transcendence, Hans Jonas, Primo Levi
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Bolchi, An Air-conditioned Global Warming. The Description of Settings in Ian McEwan’s Solar
The three main settings of McEwan’s Solar, a novel described as “the first great global-warming novel” (Walsh 2010) are significant: from London, to the Artic Pole, up to the desert in New Mexico, these places are all described through the interior monologue of the anti-hero Michael Beard, a character allegorical of humanity’s greed for selfish over-consumption. As Beard moves in the real environment only through the non-places of supermodernity (Augé), the paper ana¬lyses the descriptions of settings to underline how McEwan uses them to write about climate- change in a new “novelistic” way (McEwan).
Keywords: Ian McEwan, ecocriticism, Solar, places, environment
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola A. Nardi, “Direction? … There was no direction. The prairie stretched to the end of the world”. American Land and the Pioneer Woman
Black Soil, a novel written by an Irish pioneer woman, tells about her arrival and settlement in the Iowa prairies in the second half of the 19th century. The goal of my essay is to investigate the strategies the immigrant woman Nell Connor adopts to survive on the American frontier.
Keywords: American West, the frontier, the Pioneer Woman, space, place, ecocriticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Erica Maggioni, “Earth! have they gone into you?”
An Ecocritical Reading of the Relationship Between Man, Nature and War in Isaac Rosenberg’s Poems

 

This paper considers some of the poems written by the English soldier-poet Isaac Rosenberg during the First World War in order to show his ecological awareness in the depiction of and reflection upon the devastating effects of warfare on the environment and on the man-nature relationship. By adopting an ecocritical perspective, his works will be studied in relation to con¬cepts of space and place, the peculiar features of the war zone, and the elaboration of the pastoral tradition. In conclusion, it will be suggested that the destruction of nature serves as a metaphor for the physical and psychological suffering of men.
Keywords: Isaac Rosenberg, First World War, ecocriticism, nature, earth
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Ramazzina, Man and Landscape in Old English Literature 
The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between man and landscape in Old Eng¬lish literature starting from the assumption that, during the Middle Ages, landscape was not merely a physical space, but it was rather a complex dimension involving religious and moral aspects. Examples from poetic and prose texts will show how the natural world was usually hos¬tile and inhospitable. Mappae mundi will help determine how the Anglo-Saxons considered themselves in relation to the environment.
Keywords: Old English literature, landscape, mappae mundi, monsters, ecocriticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anne Simon, Place aux betes ! Oikos et animalite en littérature 
Études animales littéraires fondées sur un socle interdisciplinaire originai, la zoopoétique per- met non seulement d’aborder l’animalité humaine, mais aussi d’interroger la possibilité pour le langage créatif d’exprimer des affects et des rapports non-humains au monde. Cette thèse, moins paradoxale qu’il n’y paraìt, conduit à envisager la littérature comme art du déplacement et du décentrement. Après avoir resitué la zoopoétique frammise dans l’histoire de l’Ecocriticism et des Animal Studies anglo-saxonnes, la contribution montrera qu’une poétique du vivant est une affaire de perspectives, de tempos et de formes. La conclusion évoquera la dimension politique d’une zoopoétique qui est toujours, aussi, une zoopoéthique.
Keywords : animal studies, anthropocentrism, ecocriticism, zoopoetics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Pierre Schoentjes, L’écopoétique : quand ‘Terre’ résonne dans ‘littérature’ 
Revenant sur les enjeux esquissés dans Ce qui a lieu : essai d’écopoétique (2015), cette contribu¬tion interroge la manière dont la littérature contemporaine fait une place aux enjeux environne- mentaux. Elle esquisse comment la recherche universitaire peut embrayer sur cette actualité en continuant à faire une place centrale aux enjeux esthétiques, à coté des enjeux éthiques. L’imagi- naire littéraire sera un levier d’autant plus puissant dans la prise de conscience environnementale qu’il sera porté par une forme exigeante, et qui prend le risque de l’expérimentation.
Keywords : environment, écopoétique, ecocriticism, contemporary French literature
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Ramazzina, Man and Landscape in Old English Literature
The purpose of this paper is to study the relationship between man and landscape in Old Eng¬lish literature starting from the assumption that, during the Middle Ages, landscape was not merely a physical space, but it was rather a complex dimension involving religious and moral aspects. Examples from poetic and prose texts will show how the natural world was usually hostile and inhospitable. Mappae mundi will help determine how the Anglo-Saxons considered themselves in relation to the environment.
Keywords: Old English literature, landscape, mappae mundi, monsters, ecocriticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Bignotti, Barthold H. Brockes: ein aufklärerischer Umweltschützer? Die poetische
Wiederentdeckung der Schöpfung im Irdischen Vergnügen in Gott
Barthold H. Brockes’ poetry collection Irdisches Vergnugen in Gott (1721-1748) proposes a joy¬ful celebration of every element of Creation. Influenced by the English physico-theology, this work contributed to spread a new, positive perception of immanent reality, no longer condi¬tioned by baroque pessimism. If considered in an ecocritical perspective, these poems can be extremely relevant even today: the deep and reverent admiration for nature they express, orig¬inally geared towards the celebration of God, has the potential to point today’s readers to an empathetic and responsible relationship with nature.
Keywords: Barthold H. Brockes, nature poetry, physicotheology, ecocriticism, Irdisches Vergnugen in Gott
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Davide Vago, La « porosité » du réel : sur quelques stratégies stylistiques d’André Bucher
Certaines stratégies langagières mises en reuvre par André Bucher sont aptes à suggérer la per- méabilité du réel, vu que l’homme, l’animal et les forces naturelles sont des actants interdépen- dants dans sa fiction. Des configurations de style tentent de suggérer les enjeux de cette interver¬sion environnementale : la personnification des éléments naturels à l’aide de métaphores filées ou de la catachrèse tente de restituteur un vocabulaire propre à l’animal. Néanmoins, en estompant un lyrisme excessif, Bucher insiste sur le fait que le plan de l’homme est incommensurable à celui de la nature.
Keywords: André Bucher, porosity, stylistic structure, catachresis, plan of nature
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Locatelli, Poétiquement toujours, les Écologiques de Michel Deguy. Entretien, réflexions
« Dirons-nous que le monde est devenu pour moi inhabitable ? Est-ce que le monde va finir ? » : telle était la crainte de Charles Baudelaire, dont témoignent ses journaux intimes. Michel Deguy, poète, philosophe et critique, se pose des questions similaires dans ses essais parus aux éditions Hermann entre 2009 et 2012, Fin dans le monde et Ècologiques. Cest surtout ce dernier ouvrage qui fait l’objet de lentretien que nous proposons et de l’analyse qui suit: nous montrerons ainsi comment le discours poétique et les logies de l’oikos se relient par une similarité profonde : prenant les choses « radicalement », c’est-à-dire à la racine, ils nous aident à comprendre et à perpétuer notre « habitacle transitoire ».
Keywords: Michel Deguy, ecology, logos, world, dwelling
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Vittoria Prencipe, La natura impervia come strada verso la virtù. La figura di Catone
nel IX libro del Bellum civile
La relazione tra uomo e natura è indagata da svariati punti di vista, oggi come nell’antichità, come si evince dalla breve riflessione sul tema riportata nel primo paragrafo del saggio, che sarà incentrato, per il resto, su una sola delle visioni emerse nella letteratura e nella filosofia greca e latina antica.
Keywords: Ancient literature, role of nature, Cato, concept of virtue
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Franco Lonati, I wish no living thing to suffer pain . Percy Bysshe Shelley e la dieta vegetariana
Percy Bysshe Shelley è stata forse la prima celebrità vegetariana dell’età moderna e certamente uno dei primi autori che ha affrontato, con la forza della sua erudizione e la passione della sua retorica, il tema della dieta naturale, non solo illustrandone i presunti benefici fisici, ma anche fornendo una giustificazione filosofica, e rivendicando l’importanza etica, di una scelta radicale. Shelley è diven¬tato, non a caso, una sorta di nume tutelare e di ideologo di riferimento dei movimenti vegetariani e vegani che negli ultimi anni hanno conquistato sempre più adepti, e citazioni tratte dalle sue opere compaiono immancabilmente sui più popolari siti specializzati. L’articolo considera le radici e lo sviluppo del vegetarianesimo di Shelley attraverso l’analisi di Queen Mab e delle note all’opera poi pubblicate col titolo A Vindication ofNaturalDiet (1813), per riflettere sull’attualità delle teorie di un poeta/filosofo sorprendentemente in anticipo sui tempi.
Keywords: diet, nature, Shelley, vegetarianism, veganism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elena Past, Volcanic Matters: Magmatic Cinema, Ecocriticism, and Italy
Return to the Aeolian Islands (Fughe e approdi, 2010) chronicles director Giovanna Taviani’s journey to the Aeolian Islands, a volcanic archipelago off the coast of Sicily and setting for a host of films. Return documents the islands’ geological past in a study of ecological, and not just cinematic history. This essay begins to unravel the threads of a magmatic Aeolian landscape where volcanoes, cinema, and memory collaborate in the creation of more-than-human stories.
Keywords: Italian cinema, ecocriticism, volcanoes, Aeolian Islands, Giovanna Taviani, posthumanism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Daniela Fargione, The Rhetoric of Seduction, the Aesthetics of Waste, and Ecopornography in Edward Burtynsky’s Shipbreaking
This article analyzes Edward Burtynsky’s Shipbreaking (2009), a controversial photographic project that inquires into the representation of environmental corruption and economic ex¬ploitation faced by disenfranchised communities. The controversy depends on the incongruity between the aesthetization of the gritty subject matter the photographs exhibit (the waste of the world and human waste) and the artist’s stylistic strategy, which may improperly be seen as an example of ecopornography.
Keywords: ecocriticism, environmental justice, aesthetics ofwaste, ecopornography, Edward Burtynsky
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Toniolo, Natura di guerra. Possibilità ecocritiche sullo sfondo dei videogiochi strategici
Una possibile lettura ecocritica di tre videogiochi strategici in tempo reale, ambientati in con¬testi differenti (uno storico, uno fantasy e uno fantascientifico), per individuare, sullo sfondo di un genere dominato dall’ideologia dello scontro bellico, un rapporto del videogiocatore e delle civiltà in gioco con l’ambiente.
Keywords: videogames, environment, RTS, ecocriticism, war games
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Caterina Allais, An Exploratory Analysis of ScienceBlog
A recent international project, Investigating Interdisciplinary Research Discourse, carried out at the Centre for Corpus Research (University of Birmingham) investigates the entire holdings of the journal Global Environmental Change as a model of interdisciplinary discourse (http://paulslals. org.uk/IDRD/). Another international research project carried out by the University ofLeicester and by two Norwegian research centres (University of Bergen and Uni research) regards the repre¬sentations of the future in English language blogs on climate changes. But what lexical features are employed as regards the new and increasingly widespread ecological sensibility? Do they carry a positive or a negative connotation? This question will be answered through an exploratory lexical analysis carried out on Scienceblog, a recent corpus of 103,175,233 words not yet investigated, which comprises a selection of posts and comments from the scienceblogs.com website, published from 2006 to 2014, now available on the online query system SketchEngine.
Keywords: corpus linguistics, ScienceBlog, Sketchengine, environment, lexical analysis
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Costanza Cucchi and Sonia Piotti, Eco-fashion Lexicon: a Never-ending Story?
Due to increased awareness of ecological and environmental issues and greater integrity by the fashion industry, the terms ‘ecofashion’, ‘ethical fashion’ and ‘sustainable fashion’ have recently been gaining popularity to refer to garments which are designed and manufactured supporting ethnic communities and without harming the environment. New terms, such as ‘environmental’, ‘green’, ‘ecological’, ‘eco-friendly’, ‘sustainable’, ‘recycled’ and ‘organic’ have been used to qualify both garments and production practices, to the point that Hanlon (2009) observed that the potential creativity of language in the field of sustainable fashion “is never-ending”.
However, fashion experts as well as fashion scholars pointed out that the exact meaning of the terms related to the ecofashion movement is not always clear. This study aims to explore the lex¬icon of eco fashion from a purely linguistic perspective. Results support with linguistic evidence the claims regarding the cross-fertilisation of the terms related to the ecofashion movement and, in some cases, their lack of clarity.
Keywords: ecofashion lexicon, sustainable fashion, English lexicology, English lexicography
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Nataly Botero, Strategies argumentatives dans la presse ecologiste fran^aise : métaphores, jeux de mots et détournements
Nous proposons d’analyser la médiatisation en France des enjeux environnementaux à travers la presse écologiste. Ces publications se caractérisent par des formulations nourries d’images dis- cursives, de métaphores et de métonymies, de détournements, dexploitation d’implicites et de jeux de mots qu’il s’agit d’étudier non seulement sur le plan des effets de style mais comme une véritable stratégie argumentative mise en place par ce type de presse.
Keywords : French ecological media, discourse analysis, metaphors, argumentation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice dei Revisori

È possibile scaricare i files della rivista integrale in PDF cliccando qui,  in ePub cliccando qui,  in mobi (formato Kindle) cliccando qui.

Архив 1/2016

In this issue:

Sarah Bigi & Chiara Pollaroli | Marco Passarotti | Giovanni Palmieri | Jadranka Cergol | Alice Crosta | Elisa Ramazzina | Sara Scarpellini |  Federica Venier


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sarah Bigi e Chiara Pollaroli, La costruzione delle preferenze dei consumatori/ pazienti: il concetto di ‘alimentazione sana’ nei messaggi pubblicitari di prodotti alimentari
In this article we discuss how commercials about food contribute to the construc-tion of the concepts of ‘healthy, natural and genuine food’. We analyze a corpus of interviews by identifying all the passages in which consumers speak about products providing reasons for considering them ‘natural’ or ‘healthy’. By analyzing the ar-gumentation schemes and by relating them to the multimodality in the commer-cials, we describe the reasoning underlying consumers’ motivations.
Keywords: preferences; decision making; argumentative schemes; multimodal discourse analysis.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Passarotti, How Far Is Stanford from Prague (and vice versa)? Comparing Two Dependency-based Annotation Schemes by Network Analysis
The paper evaluates the differences between two currently leading annotation schemes for dependency treebanks. By relying on four treebanks, we demonstrate that the treatment of conjunctions and adpositions represents the core difference between the two schemes and that this impacts the topological properties of the linguistic networks induced from the treebanks. We also show that such properties are reflected in the performances of four probabilistic dependency parsers trained on the treebanks.
L’articolo valuta le differenze tra i due principali schemi di annotazione a dipenden-ze in uso. Sulla base di quattro treebank, l’articolo dimostra che il trattamento delle congiunzioni e delle pre/postposizioni rappresenta la differenza principale tra i due schemi e che ciò comporta delle conseguenze sulle proprietà topologiche dei net-work indotti dalle treebank. Inoltre, si dimostra come tali proprietà siano riflesse nell’accuratezza di quattro parser probabilistici a dipendenze addestrati sulle treebank.
Keywords: treebank, syntax, network analysis, natural language processing
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Palmieri, Saussure chiama, pascoli risponde. Nuove prospettive sulla ricerca anagrammatica
After a wide historical-philological reconstruction of the correspondence between Saussure and Pascoli, the article suggests new perspectives on the anagrammatic re-search. In particular Saussure could have discovered the “significants” and the “par-adigmatic series” thanks to his research on the phonics associations which are pre-sent in the anagrammatic structures of the language. An imaginary letter, which may be not so imaginary, closes the article by showing how Pascoli could have an-swered to Saussure regarding the issue of the anagrams included in the poetic text.
Keywords: anagram, hypogram, intentionality, vocal figure, autonomy of the signif-icants, games of signs, paradigmatic series, Freud.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Jadranka Cergol, Some typological features of ‘minority’ literature: the case of the Slovenian and Italian minorities
The aim of the article is to problematize the use of the term ‘minority’ literature. The term proposed by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari proves to be too narrow and applicable only to a part of the variety of minority literatures. The aim of the article is therefore to provide a new definition of ‘minority literature’ by taking into ac-count literature written by two minority groups, Slovenes living in Italy and Ital-ians living in Slovenia and Croatia. The article even goes a step forward and poses the question whether ‘minority literature’ could be regarded as a completely inde-pendent supranational literary system.
Keywords: minority literature, regional literature, Slovenes in Italy, Italians in Slo-venia and Croatia, interculturalism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alice Crosta, Manzoni e la rivoluzione degli Stati Uniti
Manzoni’s essay on the French revolution includes an American chapter, in which the author regards the American revolution as more just and effective than the French revolution. In support of this thesis, he quotes several sources: George Ban-croft’s History of the United States, the preface of the Declaration of Independence and the preamble of the Constitution of the United States. In this paper it will be proved that Manzoni, who did not know the English language, used some transla-tions, which he did not quote in the footnotes: French translations of Bancroft’s History and of the Declaration of Independence, and an Italian translation of the American Constitution.
Keywords: Manzoni, United States, revolution, translations, Guizot, Bancroft.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Ramazzina, The Old English Genesis and Milton’s Paradise Lost: the characterisation of Satan
The aim of this study is to determine whether and to what extent the English poet John Milton may have been influenced in the composition of Paradise Lost by the Old English poem known as Genesis B. The paper will examine similarities and dif-ferences in the characterisation of Satan and of the temptation of Adam and Eve in both poems. The comparison between two of the illuminations of the Junius 11 ms. and the corresponding passages in Paradise Lost will be part of the analysis.
Keywords: Old English, Genesis, Satan, Milton, Junius 11 manuscript
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Scarpellini, Contributo per un’edizione critica della versione armena dell’Eutifrone di Platone: il manoscritto 1123 della Biblioteca dei Padri Mechitaristi di Venezia e l’edizione a stampa
The old Armenian Version of Plato’s Euthyphro is preserved in a unique manuscript (n. 1123) in the library of the San Lazzaro Fathers Mekitarists in Venice. In 1877 Fa-ther Suk‘rean edited this translation which was later studied by Frederick Cornwal-lis Conybeare in 1891 and by Roberto Solari in 1969, without re-examining the man-uscript accurately.
In this article, which is a first step to a future edition, I will submit the text of Fa-ther Suk‘rean’s work alongside an in-depth analysis of both the manuscript itself and the edition, in order to provide better readings from a philological and a lin-guistic point of view.
Keywords: Euthyphro, Plat, Armenian translation, manuscript
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Venier, Intorno al volume: la lengua del imperio. La retorica del imperialismo en Roma y la globalizacion
Keywords: political rhetoric; imperialism; propaganda; ancient Rome; United States of America.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

È possibile scaricare i files della rivista integrale in PDF cliccando here,  in ePub cliccando here,  in mobi (formato Kindle) cliccando here.

Архив 2015/1

In this issue:

A. Cattani — F. H. van Eemeren — M.D. Aeschliman — V. Prencipe — V. Bogushevskaya — C. Naccarato — C. Macagno — G. Giardini


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Adelino Cattani, Il discorso di commiato del “più prolifico studioso di argomentazione al mondo”
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Frans H. van Eemeren, Sulla ragionevolezza
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo M.D. Aeschliman, A Dark Angel and His Masterpiece: Aldous Huxley and Brave New World
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Vittoria Prencipe, Origine e significato delle parole che parlano di cibo
The project aims to trace the semantic of the most commonly used words referred to food, beside ‘food’ and ‘nourishment’, through a prevailing etymological analysis, in order to highlight the differences that got lost in their current use. The second part of the article focuses on the concept of ‘feast’, convivium, a way to spend life together, upon which the Western idea of civilization is based.
Keywords: food, nourishment, banquet, civilization
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Victoria Bogushevskaya, Chinese GRUE: on the original meaning and evolution of qīng 青
One of the peculiarities of Chinese colour vocabulary is that the composite qīng 青category not only denotes green-blue continuum, but also extends into the macro-black area of a colour space. Qīng is one of the five canonical colours in China. Although it has a binary word formation function – as a radical in derived colour lexemes in wenyan and as a morpheme in compounds in Modern Standard Mandarin – it is not a basic colour term in contemporary Chinese, there are separate psychologically salient terms for ‘green’, ‘blue’ and ‘black’. The paper aims to provide semantic analysis of all the existing meanings of the polysemantic qīng, determines the sequence of their emergence and puts forward a hypothesis about the reasons for their syncretism.
Keywords: colour naming, grue, macro-category, qing, colour categorisation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Chiara Naccarato, I composti verbali in russo
This paper is about verbal compounds in Russian. After a brief description of the main characteristics of verbal compounds and of the criteria used for their identification, Russian verbal compounds are classified on the basis of their morphological structure. Finally, the different types of verbal compounds are identified and the compounds that cannot be regarded as ‘verbal’ are excluded from this category.
Keywords: compounding, verbal compounds, Russian, argument structure
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Claudio Macagno, La poetica di titoli e copertine dei gialli di Dar’ja Doncova
This paper investigates the titles and the covers of Darya Dontsova’s detective novels. Starting from a number of considerations on the importance and function of the title in literary texts in general, the work focuses on the investigation of this phenomenon in mass popular literature, the genre which Dontsova’s novels belong to. The article describes the linguistic and semioic processes on which the choice of the titles and the covers is based. The principal semantic groups, the relationship between the titles of Dontsova’s novels and the series in which they are grouped are also examined. The numerous intertextual references that can be found in the titles on the one hand render the titles more attractive, on the other hand reveal a refined and sophisticated operation, the result of a poetic expression of our times.
Keywords: mass popular literature, detective story, Dar’ja Doncova, titology, intertextuality
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giorgia Giardini, Il messaggio sociale nel teatro di Miguel Hernández
Ce travail se propose d’illustrer la trajectoire sociale et politique de Miguel Hernández à travers ses pièces de théâtre : nous analyserons sa progressive adhésion au communisme et son activité de propagande pendant la Guerre Civile Espagnole. En même temps, nous décrirons plusieurs choix thématiques de l’auteur, avec une attention particulière à la caractérisation des personnages dans ses pièces engagées.

Keywords: Miguel Hernández, engaged theatre, characters, evolution

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking here and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2014/1-2

In this issue:

C. Assoni — T. Austenfeld — R. Barsky — F. Baucia — F. Bellini — B. Belloni — L. Bignotti — E. Bolchi — S. Carini — S. Cigada — M. Corradini — F. Crippa — C. Foppa Pedretti — G. Grata — F. Locatelli — F. Lonati — R. Marseglia — L. Mor — P. Nardi — D. Pagani — R. Pignataro — P. Ponti — F. Rognoni — S. Rosso — B. Saglietti — G. Segato — D. Vago — M. Verna


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Assoni, Fuga dalla modernità (fuga verso il mito). L’Escape nelle opere di Tolkien
The Lord of The Rings is not a book for children or a fantasy saga based on pure escape, but it’s an epic tale about surviving to the ugliness of modern life. In On Fairy-Stories, Tolkien explains his concept of ‘escape’: a vital impulse to ‘sub-creation’, a saving moment for every human being; its final product is the creation of a different world, shaped on Beauty, and placed in a mythical and eternal time. According to Tolkien, fantasy has three main functions: recovery, escape and consolation, intertwined in an indissoluble way. This refreshing fantasy allows men to escape from the prison of a life restricted by lies, meaningless formalities and influences. And through it, men can once again look to reality with freshness, seeing it without any present mark in a mythical air; escape starts a process that finds its fulfilment into the ‘eucatastrophe’, that is not only the simple ‘happy ending’ of fairy-stories, but is an echo of the Evangelium in the real world.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Thomas Austenfeld, Fleeing, Flying, Staying, Leaving: The Persistence of Escape in American Literature
The creative potential inherent in the dual meaning of the verbs ‘to flee/to fly’, denoting both escape and movement through air, is illustrated in foundational American narratives of flight – in the forms of escape, abandonment, and thwarted departure – with notable gender variations. Barbara Kingsolver’s 2012 novel Flight Behavior recapitulates this tradition even while extending it to the discourse of global climate change.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Robert Barsky, The Savage Pilgrimage: D.H. Lawrence’s Dialogic Journeys upon Monte Verità, the Mountain of Truth
At the center of D.H. Lawrence’s enormous corpus of poetry, short stories, novels, and literary criticism is Lady Chatterley’s Lover, one of a long line of censored classics described in a recent work as Dirt for Art Sake. Despite the popularity of Lawrence’s writings, however, and the notoriety he gained from legal proceedings initiated against him in the name of censorship, few critics have situated his literary and cultural quest as regards his intense intellectual engagement with contemporary counter-culture in Germany and in Switzerland and many, perhaps as a consequence, deride or shun his more bawdy work. In this paper, I will argue that examples of contemporary counterculture, and in particular his engagement with ideas emanating from the anarchist, bohemian, nudist, sun-worshipping, vegetarian, artistic colony at Monte Verità, were key catalysts for the dialogic and carnivalesque qualities of works such as Sun and Lady Chatterley’s Lover. This talk will trace the historical and ideological tentacles that connect Lawrence’s work to contemporary counter-culture, and then conclude by linking his approach to the writings of M.M. Bakhtin, whose corpus reads like a ‘how-to’ manual for readers willing to truly engage Lawrence’s bawdy, earthy, dialogic writing.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Baucia, Fughe ‘dal’ tempo, fughe ‘nel’ tempo: Borges, McTaggart, Nabokov
This paper presents two different kinds of relationship between the concepts of ‘flight’ and ‘temporality’, which are resumed by two nabokovean sentences. We can call the first one ‘flight out of time’: this kind of relationship reveals a sceptical attitude towards the real existence of time, an attitude shared by writers (Borges) and philosophers (McTaggart). The second one can be called ‘flight in time’: according to Nabokov, temporality is at the heart of art and literature, and so it’s impossible to realize a true ‘escape’ from time. In this sense, the real aim of the good artist should be the flight in the pure medium of time, namely in the ‘texture’ (different from the ‘text’, the ‘content’, of time) of the temporal dimension.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federico Bellini, In fuga sulla sedia a dondolo: Murphy di Samuel Beckett
The paper deals with the significance of the rocking chair in Samuel Beckett’s novel Murphy, considered as an item of Beckett’s ‘geometrical symbolism’. I claim that the shape of the rocking chair can be interpreted in connection to Beckett’s interest in irrational numbers used as a means to explain his characters’ relation with the world. Moreover, I hint at how, under this light, the rocking chair can be related to another typical Beckettian prop, the bicycle, and show how the complementary symbolism of these two objects may serve as a paradigm for a typology of Beckett’s characters.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Belloni, Storia di una diaspora morisca: le istruzioni per la fuga verso Oriente nel manoscritto aljamiado 774 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Parigi
This article analyzes a fragment (ff. 37v-39r) of the Aljamiado manuscript n. 774 that belongs to the National Library in Paris. The study aims to reflect on the value of the document as a historical evidence of the flight to the East of some members of the Hispano-Muslim community, and to think about the considerable significance that the aljamiado-morisco production has in the Spanish literature of the 16th and 17th centuries.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Bignotti, Fuga del tempo, fuga dal tempo: la poesia di Johann Ch. Günther (1695-1723)
The present article illustrates the presence and the evolution of the escape theme in the poetry of the late-baroque author Johann Christian Günther (1695-1723). This topic is to be found in the frequent lexical references to life’s fleeting nature that characterize Guenther’s early lyrics as well as in his late production, when he often mentions his desire to flee from a world, which is unable to receive his poetical message and, at the same time, from the declining Baroque conventions.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Bolchi, Fuga verso il presente. Un’analisi delle fughe in The Stone Gods di Jeanette Winterson
When The Stone Gods begins, an escape seems the only possibility to survive a planet, incredibly similar to ours, that is going to die. But this escape will be useless, because the new arrival, the new hope, will reveal to be our present, Planet Earth, that at the end of the novel is in such a bad condition to offer, once again, escape as the only alternative. In Winterson’s novel, escape is a concept widely analyzed in different ways: escape from society, escape from the socially accepted ‘normality’, from cultural cages and, last but not least, escape from a dying out planet.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Carini, “La historia no la leemos, la releemos siempre”: fuga dall’archivio in Rodrigo Rey Rosa e Horacio Castellanos Moya
The article analyses the relationship between archive and history in two Centro American novels: El material humano by Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Insensatez by Horacio Castellanos Moya. The analysis clarifies how the search for collective identity into the archive appears to both protagonists as an escape from a present considered violent and chaotic but also as an escape from a tyrannical and silenced past that is still oppressing them. The escape is indeed frustrated by fear and paranoia deriving from the impossibility of revisiting and knowing the past in total freedom.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada, La Fuite dans Les Passions de l’âme (Descartes)
In his last treatise, Descartes defines human passions a problematic topic in his system. From a theoretical point of view, the human being is formed by an immaterial and a material substance, completely independent from each other. Nonetheless, passions surprisingly involve both reason and body in a joint experience. Flight is an example Descartes often refers to in order to explain that man should be able, thanks to a hard training comparable to dog training, to resist any passion. But this not always the case. Furthermore, the instinct to flee may be regarded as an element of every passion. That is why it may also be considered as a hint to the deepest orientation towards good of any human action.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Corradini, Le sirene, la poesia, la morte. Appunti su Omero e Pascoli
Even though the Sirens’ song poses a deadly threat to whoever listens to it, it is also paralleled to knowledge and poetry itself. The present study examines the Homeric archetype and its rewriting in Giovanni Pascoli’s Ultimo viaggio (in Poemi conviviali, 1904), with a view to illustrating how in the former case the Sirens are a danger to steer clear of, while in the latter they are the ultimate goal of Ulysses’ quest for identity and the absolute – yet, this time the Sirens are silent and elusive.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Crippa, In fuga dalla storia, dagli stereotipi e dalle convenzioni sociali: il caso della ‘Pastora’ in Donde nadie te encuentre di Alicia Giménez-Bartlett
Within Alicia Giménez-Bartlett’s novel, Donde nadie te encuentre, the desire to escape follows two different directions. Teresa Pla Meseguer flies away from a society incapable of accepting her diversity. At the same time, the other characters of the novel experience a gradual process of estrangement from the ideals of Francisco Franco’s Spain. The aim of this work is to reread the text according to this point of view, underlining how the author deals with the theme of the flight as a way to project oneself towards a new vital dimension that all the characters seem to desire.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Foppa Pedretti, In fuga dalla tirannia, dall’odio e dal perdono: Urania Cabral in La fiesta del Chivo di Mario Vargas Llosa
Rafael Trujillo is known as one of the most vicious and ruthless dictators to have afflicted Latin America. His regime, which for thirty-one years oppressed Dominican people, came to an end on the day of his assassination, the 30th of May of 1961. In 2000, Mario Vargas Llosa published La Fiesta del Chivo, a novel that recounts the last fifteen days of the Dominican despot. The protagonist of the work, Urania, is the daughter of Agustín Cabral, one of the senators of Trujillo. After more than thirty years in the United States, she returns to Santo Domingo. Through her story we learn of the barbaric violence and bitter betrayal that led her to flee from an indelible and incurable sorrow, which will mark her existence. This paper aims at analyzing how Urania’s escapes are, at different times, both a separation and a rapprochement with her life and origins in the constant search for truth.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulia Grata, Montale contra Rimbaud: la Bildung di “chi rimane a terra”
The essay deals with Montale’s reading of Rimbaud. It carries out a comparative analysis of two narrative long poems written by the authors in their youth: Mediterraneo (1925) and Bateau ivre (1883). Both poems deal with the relationship between the poet and the sea and represent the sea as an allegory of language and of poetry. They have a similar structure, that of a Bildungsroman, but their endings are opposite. There are in Mediterraneo several allusions to the Bateau ivre suggesting that Montale is refusing and going beyond the idea of man and of poetry which underpins Symbolism.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Locatelli, Des lignes de fuite vers le moi : Henri Michaux
Since the very beginning, Henri Michaux’s poetry has investigated the topic of being, namely its definition, its extent and its boundaries, through the instrument of writing. According to the poet’s vision, human being is “multiple, complexe et d’ailleurs fuyant”; as a consequence, poetry, whose main objective is “questionner, ausculter, approcher le problème de l’être” (Passages), cannot but witness this protean and elusive tendency. Therefore, in the context of a poetic production focused on the theme of the escape, the self, “[qui] est et se voudrait ailleurs, essentiellement autre”, shall overflow its physical and linguistic boundaries, dissolving into many “lignes de fuite”/ “convergence lines” (Deleuze-Guattari), which represent the real issue treated in Michaux’s poetry. As we hope to demonstrate by the analysis of some pages of Plume, La Vie dans les plis, Face aux verrous, the escape and moving of the self, including its body and identity, are not the result of arbitrary imaginative work, but the most suitable poetic strategy allowing the reader to grasp the real objective of art, that is to say the inexhaustible longing for self-understanding, as well as understanding of others.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Franco Lonati, Un’anabasi metropolitana. The Warriors di Sol Yurick
Escape is one of the narrative and stylistic elements on which noir fiction – one of the distinctive genres of 20th century American literature – is based. My paper focuses on an example of modern and atypical noir fiction, a virtually unknown novel written by Sol Yurick and titled The Warriors, whose film adaptation, paradoxically enough, has come to further obscure it. The novel, treading the same path as authors like David Goodis and Dorothy Hughes, centres around an escape (both physical and metaphorical), but it departs from standard practice in the characteristics, motives and meanings that the escape assumes over the course of narration. These peculiar characteristics are the subject of my paper.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rocco Marseglia, OEdipe, un héros en fuite
This paper aims to highlight the various ‘escapes’ marking the various moments of Oedipus’ mythological story as it arises in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. T x hough Laius has pierced his son’s feet in order to prevent him from escaping, Oedipus arrives in Corinth; after he discovering that he is not Polybus’ real child, he resumes his escape and arrives in Thebes, his true homeland. Here, he will see the truth and flee into exile. Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex stages this Theban stay of Oedipus, closed between two parallel escapes.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor, La fuga negata. Marie Luise Kaschnitz e il nazismo
In January 1946 the German writer Marie Luise Kaschnitz published the essay Von der Schuld (On Guilt) on the journal Die Wandlung (The Change). In this essay, several months after the end of the war, she replies to the charges made against the German people of having allowed the Nazi to drag the whole world into the Second World War. Kaschnitz’s essay is a neglected document of the still unfinished debate around the guilt of those Germans who did not take position against Adolf Hitler. The text does not merely serve as evidence for accusing or acquitting the writer and those who, like her, called themselves cowards for not having spoken against the regime; it rather allows for the understanding of the causes of the Innere Emigration, a phenomenon caused by the paralyzing power of the regime of terror that hindered for most people the opportunity to flee, including towards their own conscience.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Nardi, Runaway Women Slaves: From Slave Narratives to Contemporary Rewritings
This essay deals with the theoretical treatment of slave narratives written by women through an overview of the recent critical debate on this topic. It then considers two texts, Harriet Jacob’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself f published in 1861 and Toni Morrison’s Beloved published in 1987, both exemplary texts respectively of the autobiographical writing by slave women and of the ‘neo-slave narrative’, contemporary novels where the historical phenomenon of slavery still deeply influences contemporary society. Neo-slave narratives profoundly differ from slave narratives being the former fictional renditions and the latter autobiographical accounts of supposedly true events. Their differences notwithstanding, neo-slave narratives testify to the unending vitality of one of the first and most influential traditions in African American literature and culture, and to the centrality that the history and the memory of slavery still have in molding the United States.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Daniela Pagani, Fuga da Israele – Il caso dello scrittore Eshkol Nevo
In The yiddish policemen’s union, Michael Chabon imagines a world without Israel, where Jewish people have established a state in Alaska; Aharon Appelfeld in his last novel The boy who wanted to sleep, faces the theme of settling in a new homeland; Philip Roth, in a beautifully absurd book, tells about his alter ego who arrives in Jerusalem to promote a diaspora project, which consists in forcing Jewish people to leave Palestine. Eshkol Nevo, one of the most authentic voices of new Jewish fiction, in a kind of epic story, Neuland, dreams about a tiny Jewish City of the sun in South America: “My characters are trapped in the same way that their own country is trapped. Going away sets them free”. An analysis of how poetic creation is able to celebrate what could have been if things would have had the strength to go differently.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rosa Pignataro, La fuga dell’‘Io’ narrativo nel romanzo del dopoguerra spagnolo
My contribution arises from the attempt to analyse some of the most significant novels of the Spanish post-war, since the 1940s until the 1960s-‘70s. In particular, I analyze the ‘escape’ of the ‘self ’ from the narration. The works studied are: La familia de Pascual Duarte and La Colmena by Camilo José Cela, El camino by Miguel Delibes, andVolverás a Región by Juan Benet.The first of the novels in question is marked by the presence of a strong and pervasive Yo, Pascual’s narration represents the roundness of the autobiography. The ‘escape’, the breakup till the total rupture of the narrative pact between author and reader, becomes a reality with a novel of the next decade, El camino, in which an omniscient narrator filters the autobiographical experience through the eyes of children. The next step is the infinite multiplication of the representation of the self in a mosaic repetition of narrative voices and characters in La Colmena. The escape of the ego reaches the full realization with the novel Volverás a Región that stigmatizes the total anonymity of narration given by an omniscient narrator who, breaking the rules of the traditional narrative, introduces the reader in an undefined space where the ‘I’ floats and reveals what the characters say and feel but confusing names and events to prove the condition of ruin of human existence.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Ponti, “Dobbiamo ritentare la fuga”. L’inizio e i finali delle Avventure di Pinocchio
In Le Avventure di Pinocchio, three episodes deserve special attention, for they open and close the puppet’s story: the flight from his father at the beginning of the book (chapter III), the flight from the murderers, which ends the part published in 1881 in the “Giornale per i bambini” (chapters XIV-XV) and, finally, the flight from the Shark, which marks the end of the final version of the work, published in 1883 by Paggi (chapters XXXV-XXXVI). The analysis has enabled to point out how the relationship reason-instinct marks an evolution in Pinocchio’s modes of flight, leaving unaltered, however, the fundamental structure. The mechanism of both endings is organized according to a closed form, that, having death as a starting point and as an outcome, poses itself as an alternative to the character growing up.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Rognoni, Fuga in Franciacorta. Alessandro Spina e Joseph Conrad
The essay is a survey of the works of Alessandro Spina (1927-2013), undoubtly the most important postcolonial Italian novelist, emphasizing his lifelong ‘dialogue’ with Joseph Conrad’s works. The theme of ‘flight’ or ‘escape’, present everywhere in the novels (and in the lives) of both authors, is a leitmotif of the article. Almost paradoxically, Conrad’s best known structural feature (his use of the character-narrator) is shown to be more recognizable in those novels of Spina’s that take place in Italy, among the upper bourgeoisie, than those belonging to his ‘African cycle’.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Stefano Rosso, Note sulla fuga (e sull’inseguimento) nel western americano
As it is well known, the escape motif is typical of American fiction, but acquires a clear and formulaic centrality in the Western genre. However, particularly after WWII, this apparently conservative genre, has produced some narratives in which the ideology of the American Dream is radically questioned. This short essay highlights the revisionistic move of some Western novelists such as Elmore Leonard, Charles Portis and others, who followed their example.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Saglietti, Ritiro dalle scene, fuga per quartetto vocale, radio contrappuntistica: fugue ed escape in Glenn Gould
The pianist Glenn Gould quit the concert stage at the peak of his career (1964). At the same time he composed So you want to write a fugue?, for four-part chorus of mixed voices with strings (or piano) accompaniment, a sort of ironic hyperbole that makes fun of ‘classical’ western music. Then Gould invented ‘contrapuntal radio’ in which independent voices are intertwined without any thematic elaboration. In 1967 the ‘docudrama’ The Idea of North opened The Solitude Trilogy. Gould, hidden behind radio editing, transfigured his personal escape in radio art. Using the writings of Gould, some of which have never been translated into Italian, the discussion of So you want to write a fugue? and The Idea of North, I would like to clarify how the escape from the world of Gould has been refined through the fugue and counterpoint.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato, Fleeing War. Due strategie di diserzione letteraria:I parenti del Sud di Carlo Montella e Going After Cacciato di Tim O’Brien
This paper investigates two kinds of desertions represented in two war novels: Carlo Montella’s I parenti del Sud and Tim O’Brien’s Going After Cacciato. I claim that the desertions described in these novels are directly linked with the specific war that is the backdrop of the book. The hero of I parenti del sud, still confused by Fascist ideology, deserts and runs away to a relative’s house in order to clear his head. Instead, in Going After Cacciato the protagonist’s desertion seems to have the same grotesque and bizarre traits of the background conflict: The Vietnam War.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Davide Vago, Proust, fuir l’oralité pour trouver un accent
Proust has always asserted that salon conversation is incompatible with the noiseless shrine where a writer devotes himself to literature. Nonetheless, the more Proust confines himself in his cork-lined room to escape the transient voices of the world, the more ‘orality’ emerges from his writing as the equivalent not of ‘voice’, but rather of ‘accent’. In this paper I investigate this paradox by examining the episode concerning Bergotte’s voice, which seems so eccentric to the narrator.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marisa Verna, Le fugitif. Fuir la vérité dans la Recherche du temps perdu
Everyone knows that Proust’s Recherche is the history of an artistic vocation, the history of a quest of truth. Truth, however, is not easily found and hides itself away. The novel’s hero hides himself, he flees during three thousand pages to avoid facing his artistic mission. This article aims to analyse this flight and it is structured in three parts: the flight of friendship, the flight of love and the flight from literature, Marcel’s final attempt to indulge in divertissement, wasting the true time of beauty for urbane life. Only when sorrow and mourning lead him to the obscurity of the self, can the novel’s hero take upon himself his artistic duty. In effect, if Albertine is the Fugitive, if it is she who physically disappears, it is Marcel who keeps on fleeing in his uninterrupted ‘fugue’, in the double meaning of ‘flight’ and of “a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts”. This last meaning is only possible in the night of sorrow and in the desert of absence.

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