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Архив 2/2018

 In questo numero:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Renato Rizzoli | Metafora e ideologia in Hamlet: il discorso mercantilista
The purpose of this essay is to analyse the economic imagery in Hamlet as it occurs in the play mainly in the form of similitudes, puns and metaphors. My point is that the economic images reproduce (and reaffirm) the central tenets of a mercantilist discourse along with its ambivalent notion of the market, which wavers between hegemonic, nationalistic attitudes and cosmopolitan and universal ones. This ambiguity plays an important role in underlining Hamlet’s ethical and epistemological deadlock in the role of revenger by tracing it, rather than to the eclipse of the late medieval order (according to Carl Scmitt’s famous thesis), to the contradictions of a modernity in progress to which the mercantilist discourse belongs.
Keywords: Mercantilism, money, goods exchange, Puritanism, Christian Humanism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Luca Brezzo | Esotismo, antischiavismo, colonialismo: Adventures in Borneo di Catherine Gore
Within Catherine Gore’s vast literary corpus there is an uncharacteristic novel titled Adventures in Borneo: A Tale of a Shipwreck (1849), in which the author experiments with exotic settings and adventures, a fictional subgenre in which she is not entirely comfortable. In the period of its publication, the British press was reporting and commenting on the controversial events involving Sir James Brooke, the White Rajah of Sarawak, and his anti-piracy campaign in the waters of the Malay Archipelago. In this article I try to investigate Gore’s take on such a delicate topic as British conduct in remote foreign lands, vis-à-vis alien cultures; I also refer to one of her unpublished letters, as well as to Brooke’s journal published in 1846 – most likely her primary source for the socio-cultural information on the Borneo population deployed in the novel. This article also seeks to contribute to the critical-literary debate over Catherine Gore providing a starting point for a more thorough study of her attitude towards British colonialism.
Keywords: Catherine Gore, James Brooke, Adventures in Borneo, exoticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor | “La parola di un uomo onesto significa ciò che dice” Romano Guardini lettore di Rilke.
The reflection on human existence described by Rainer Maria Rilke in the arduous verses of the Duineser Elegien, one of the highest expressions of 20th century poetry, has been the object of a long, rigorous and illuminating meditation by Romano Guardini. To remember the great Italian-German Catholic intellectual, theologian and philosopher on the 50th anniversary of his death (1968-2018), this contribution anticipates some of the contents developed in the collection of Guardini’s writings on Rilke edited by the author, which will be published in 2019 by Morcelliana. Three are the main elements highlighted here: the academic and didactic reasons that led Guardini to reflect on Rilkes’ work; the essential outline of his hermeneutics; finally, the main reasons that caused Guardini to take a very critical stand towards Rilkes’ poetry, which represents a painful and dramatic reflection on the annihilation of the modern man.
Keywords: Romano Guardini, Rainer Maria Rilke, Elegie Duinesi
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marilena Genovese | La narrazione lecléziana e il pluralismo dei procedimenti espressivi
Since the inauguration of his career in 1963, with Le procès-verbal, 2008 Nobel Laureate, J.-M. Gustave Le Clézio has published over 40 works. His writing is characterized by an original style, in which the language aims to reproduce the complexity of reality. He writes about landscapes and traditions, nature (the richness of its fauna and flora), modern society – through various narrative strategies – collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech – that we will explore in this article.
Keywords: writing style, narrative strategies, collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Yahis Martari | Come scrivono i politici italiani su Facebook Appunti per un’analisi linguistica comparativa
This article aims at proposing a linguistic analysis of 358 posts written on Facebook (FB) by six Italian politicians. More specifically, the corpus consists of six official political Italian pages, which can be divided into two samples (three pages per sample), corresponding to two different observation moments: 1. December 2012 – January 2013 (88 post); 2. May – August 2017 (270 post). While the focus of attention is on posts, comments have also been taken into account in this survey (10 for each post). The two samples here analyzed are fairly close in time, but, given the accelerated speed of web evolution, some (micro-)diachronic remarks can be made in order to show how the Italian politicians’ communication on FB has been changed from 2013 to 2017.
In sections 1 and 2 the issue concerning the language of politics on the web (with special reference to social networks) has been introduced and the corpus has been presented in detail; in sections 3 and 4, the language and the stylistic characteristics of the two samples have been analyzed; finally, in sections 5 and 6, some concluding remarks are given, especially focusing the most recent sample.
Keywords: political communication, linguistic analysis, Facebook, writing
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Valentina Noseda | La corpus revolution russa e il corpus parallelo italiano-russo: storia, criteri di compilazione e usi
This paper aims at presenting the Italian-Russian parallel corpus, expanded in 2015 and now available within the Russian National Corpus (Nacional’nyj Korpus Russkogo Jazyka). In particular, the paper describes the history, the design criteria, the phases of construction and the potential offered by this tool for language and literary studies in the field of Italian Slavistics.
Keywords: Corpus linguistics, parallel corpora, corpus design, contrastive linguistics, applied linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato | The Home of the Brave. Sezione monografica a cura di G. Segato Hard, Stoic, Isolate, and a Killer. Appunti sul carattere americano
Questa sezione riprende alcuni degli interventi presentati al seminario di studi The Home of the Brave, svoltosi presso la sede milanese dell’Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore il 22 novembre 2016, con il contributo dei Dipartimenti di Scienze linguistiche e Letterature Straniere e di Scienze Politiche, cui vanno i miei più sentiti ringraziamenti. L’obiettivo del seminario era celebrare i duecentoquarant’anni dalla Dichiarazione d’Indipendenza degli Stati Uniti d’America (1776). In questa prospettiva, ci sembrò opportuno pensare a un titolo che esprimesse una certa solennità e, allo stesso tempo, alludesse almeno a una ‘qualità strutturale’ del carattere americano. The Home of the Brave – il terzo verso dell’inno nazionale americano, fortunatamente mai cantato – ci pareva un’espressione che centrasse abbastanza bene l’obiettivo.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloGiulio Segato | A Man of Honor. Note sulle origini dell’eroe del romanzo poliziesco americano
This paper aims to examine the origin of the hard-boiled hero. I suggest it is possible to find his first arrival in the frontier romance created by James Fenimore Cooper in 1823 with The Pioneer, in which Natty Bumppo makes his first appearance, the real archetype of the hard-boiled detective. Then there is a second important stage: Allan Pinkerton’s narratives drawn from his real experience as a private vigilante. Pinkerton’s detectives were strong men of honor with a clear moral view, so his fictional heroes had the same features. The last influence on the hard-boiled hero is to be found in the dime novels protagonists’ evolution. If at first they were only cowboys, scouts or outlaws, at the end of XIX century they became detectives and the setting of the stories changed: no longer the landscape of the US/Mexico border but the big cities.
Keywords: Hard-boiled hero, detective novel, dime novels, J.F. Cooper, Allan Pinkerton
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloAnna De Biasio| Eroismo e femminile, un binomio difficile: il caso di Margaret Fuller
Starting from some definitions of ‘female heroism’ that highlight it as a problematic concept, this essay focuses on Margaret Fuller’s interest in different meanings and interpretations of the heroic ideal. Her Italian experience enables Fuller to recognize Giuseppe Mazzini as a supreme embodiment of modern heroism, as well as to explore the potential (which had already been taken into consideration in her treatise Woman in the Nineteenth Century) and the limits of a female incarnation of heroism.
Keywords: Female heroism, bravery, righteous violence
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFranco Lonati | “Una silenziosa litania operaia”. L’America di Carl Sandburg
This paper aims to examine Carl Sandburg’s unusual trajectory from militant poet and socialist propagandist to standard-bearer for the American values of unity, freedom and progress. If in his first book, Chicago Poems, the author harshly criticized the American lifestyle and the capitalist system, over the years we witness a gradual transformation, which mitigates Sandburg’s controversial positions, until he became an embodiment of the founding ideals of the nation and a symbol of the American Dream.
Keywords: Sandburg, Lincoln, Chicago, America, Socialism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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Архив 1/2018

In this Issue:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Veronka Szőke | The Norwegian Rune Poem in context: structure, style and imagery
The Norwegian Rune Poem has often been evaluated negatively because of an overall impression of a lack of coherence and cohesion. Analysis of the poem against the background of wisdom tradition has allowed a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in its composition. The article considers the poem in parallel with Sólarljóð and Málsháttakvæði – two poetic works deriving from the same cultural context – and aims to further analise the poem’s structure and illuminate aspects of its imagery.
Keywords: Norwegian Rune Poem, Sólarljóð, Málsháttakvæði, runic lore
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alida Silletti | ‘Aller + infinitif’ et ‘andare a + infinitif’ : effets de sens ‘illustratif’ et ‘risolutivo’
Cette contribution aborde les parcours de grammaticalisation et les effets de sens d’‘aller + infinitif’ et de ‘andare a + infinitif’ en français et en italien contemporains. A partir d’un corpus parallèle de presse, nous montrerons que les effets de sens « illustratif » de la périphrase française et « risolutivo » de la périphrase italienne ne relèvent pas d’une correspondance entre les deux périphrases mais plutôt d’un simple contact entre leurs effets de sens.
The present research deals with the grammaticalization paths and with the semantic values of ‘aller + infinitive’ and of ‘andare a + infinitive’ in contemporary French and Italian. On the basis of a parallel press corpus, our investigation will show that the « illustrative » use of the French structure and the « risolutivo » use of the Italian do not depend on a correspondence between the two periphrases but on a simple case of contact between their semantic values.
Keywords : aller + infinitive; andare a + Infinitive, grammaticalization ; illustrative and risolutivo semantic values, contrastive analysis
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Monica Barsi | Sugli adattamenti italiani del Mauger bleu (1968) e del Mauger rouge (1977) 
The contribution studies the adaptations of the textbooks for the French teaching of Mauger bleu and Mauger rouge in Italian editions at Petrini. The two Maugers are significant in the history of glottodydactics because they attest, from the 1960s to the 1970s, the transition from a grammar of the parts of speech to a grammar of structures. In Italy, we will see the same movement that is here evoked to contextualize the Mauger in the Italian publishing market.
Keywords: Glottodidactics, second language teaching, French teaching, teaching methods
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Teatro sentimentale e propaganda Les Victimes cloîtrées di Jacques-Marie Boutet 
L’articolo studia, attraverso l’analisi linguistica del testo, la componente emotiva della pièce teatrale Les Victimes cloîtrées del drammaturgo francese Boutet detto Monvel. L’analisi viene condotta a livello lessicale, discorsivo e retorico, combinando il metodo messo a punto da Christian Plantin con il modello dell’umanista Rodolfo Agricola. Essa consente di far emergere in che modo il carattere sentimentale dell’opera sia strumentalizzato ai fini politici della propaganda, nel contesto della Rivoluzione francese.
We outline the emotive elements in the dramatic work of Boutet (Monvel), Les Victimes cloîtrées. Linguistic and discourse analysis are based both on Christian Plantin’s methodology and on Rodolphus Agricola’s XVth century model. It appears that the sentimental component of the pièce is consistent with the ideological goal of supporting Jacobin politics and discrediting the Church, in the context of the French Revolution.
Keywords: emotive argumentation, manipulation, emotions in discourse analysis, discourse analysis and argumentation, French Revolution
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Bernard Haidacher | Zur Geschichte, Verbreitung und (Nicht-)Rezeption des Begriffes ‘Konfix’ 
André Martinet (1979) ist der Schöpfer des Terminus ‘Konfix’. In der französischen Sprachwissenschaft war die Verbreitung der Kategorie jedoch schwierig und sie wird dort kaum angewendet. Im Französischen sind diese gebundenen Morpheme meist in die neoklassische Komposition eingebettet. In der aktuellen französischen Forschung wird das Phänomen in das abstrakte Schema der Konstruktions-Morphologie integriert, die jedoch keine Sonderkategorien kennt. In der Germanistik hingegen, sind Konfixe zwischenzeitlich als eigene Kategorie, wenn auch unterschiedlich diskutiert, fixer Bestandteil der Grammatik.
André Martinet (1979) is the originator of the term ‘confix’. However, in Romance linguistics the concept has not enjoyed much popularity. In French, we find a multitude of terms for these bound morphemes, which are typically integrated in the framework of composition. Nowadays, French linguists use the abstract schema of construction morphology, in which there are no specific categories. The German-speaking literature, by contrast, has paid a great deal of attention to the phenomenon.
Keywords: confix(es), research tradition, morphology, word-formation, neoclassical compounding
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giancarmine Bongo | Allgemeine Diskursreferenz in deutschen und italienischen Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln 
Der Beitrag untersucht ein Korpus von 40 Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln (jeweils 20 auf deutscher und auf italienischer Sprache) im Hinblick auf die Relation, die jeder wissenschaftliche Text zum eigenen Forschungshintergrund herzustellen hat. Im Rahmen einer solchen Bezugnahme hebt sich ein spezifisches Phänomen ab, das in Anlehnung an den von Foucault entwickelten Diskursbegriff als ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz‘ bezeichnet werden könnte. Es handelt sich um die Relation zur Menge des ‚Bereits-Gesagten‘, zur Menge aller effektiven Aussagen, ohne Bezug auf einzelne Werke, Beiträge bzw. Autoren: es handelt sich mit anderen Worten um die Möglichkeit, eine nicht intertextuelle Relation zu einem Universum von Texten herzustellen. Wie und inwiefern kommt eine derartige ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz in den analysierten Einleitungen zustande? Gibt es kulturbezogene Unterschiede zwischen den deutschen und den italienischen Texten?
This study examines a corpus of 40 Introductions to articles published in scientific specialized journals (20 in German language, 20 in Italian language), with regard to the relation, that each scientific text has to establish with its research background. Within this relation a peculiar dimension emerges, which on the basis of the concept of discourse by Foucault could be defined as ‚General Discourse Reference‘. It is the relation with the research background as the field of the ‘already-said’, of all effective statements, without reference to specific works or authors: it is thus the possibility to establish a not intertextual relation with a universe of texts. How and in what extent is such a ‚General Discourse Reference‘ realized in the analyzed Introductions? Are there cultural differences between German and Italian articles?
Keywords: discourse reference, introductions, scientific articles, German, Italian
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti | I risultati di un’indagine sull’insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori nell’ambito dell’italiano L2/LS
Il saggio presenta i risultati di una ricerca sui metodi di insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori in italiano come lingua seconda (L2). L’indagine è stata sottoposta agli insegnanti e l’analisi mostra che pochi insegnanti hanno la consapevolezza della complessità del lessico e dei meccanismi connessi con i testi. La rappresentazione del colore in diverse lingue è contemplata da un numero molto breve di informanti, dando l’idea che la trasmissione del vocabolario nell’insegnamento della L2 sia un mero fatto di traduzione fra le due lingue. Alla luce di questi dati, gli insegnanti dovrebbero essere coinvolti nelle pratiche di apprendimento per comprendere il ruolo del vocabolario e del lessico in una lingua e dei metodi per insegnarli nelle classi di L2.
The essay presents the results of a survey on the teaching methods and the representation of colors in Italian as Second Language (ISL). The survey was administered to the teachers and the analysis shows that few teachers have the awareness of the lexicon complexity and the mechanisms connected to the texts. The representation of colors in different languages is contemplated by a very short number of informants, giving the idea that the transmission of the vocabulary in ISL education is a mere fact of translation between the two languages. In the light of these data, teachers should be involved in learning practices in order to understand the role of the vocabulary and the lexicon in a language and the methods for teaching it in ISL classes.
Keywords: colors, vocabulary, L2-LS, ethnolinguistics, psycholinguistics, acquisitional linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFrancesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci | Metapragmatica della cortesia nell’Italia del primo Ottocento. La polemica sulla cortesia tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini: utilitarismo o principio di carità
This article shows an example of explicit argumentation about politeness: the dispute between Melchiorre Gioja and Antonio Rosmini about the chapter Apologia della moda written by Melchiorre Gioja in the Nuovo Galateo (1820). In particular, we examine Rosmini’s Galateo de’letterati (1828) and we focus on arguments that justify Rosmini’s metapragmatics comments and fallacies.
L’articolo presenta un episodio di argomentazione esplicita sulla cortesia: la disputa sorta tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini circa il capitolo Apologia della moda contenuto nel Nuovo Galateo (1820) di Melchiorre Gioja. Si prendono in esame, in particolare, le giustificazioni argomentative dei commenti metapragmatici, e le fallacie attribuite da Rosmini a Gioja nel Galateo de’letterati (1828).
Keywords: Politeness, argumentation, nineteenth-century, Italy, controversy, fallacy
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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Архив 2/2017

In this issue:

Nataliya Stoyanova | Miriam Ravetto | Ettore Marchetti | Afsaneh Pourmazaheri | Giulio Segato | Gloria Colombo | Renata Zanin | Claudio Macagno | Giuseppe Ghini | Мауриция Калузио | Галина Жиличева


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Nataliya Stoyanoya | Struttura del discorso negli apprendenti italofoni di russo: analisi testuale comparata russo-italiano
This article presents the results of a discourse analysis of Russian-learning texts by italophones. The discourse structure was examined from the point of view of the preferences for discourse relations on various acquisitional stages and from the point of view of hierarchization. Furthermore the grade of repartition of situations and the grade of the discourse structures complexity were analysed, allowing us thus to characterize the textuality of the considered acquisitional varieties compared to the native Russian and Italian.

Keywords: discourse analysis, Russian language, compared textuality, acquisitional varieties, linguospecific patterns

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Miriam Ravetto | «Come si dice?» / «Wie heisst das?» — Strategie di ricerca lessicale in visite guidate con italiano e tedesco L2
The paper investigates word search sequences in a corpus of guided tours, in which tourist guides speak Italian and German as foreign languages. Italian and German are, on the contrary, the native languages of the group of tourists. Using the approach of Conversation Analysis, the study describes and classifies the word search dynamics and strategies, through which tourist guides try to find the problematic word.

Keywords: word search, Conversation Analysis, touristic communication, interactional linguistics.

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Ettore Marchetti | “Boia imperialisti, spie di regime e corrotti buffoni”. La lingua dei comunicati delle brigate rosse durante il Sequestro Moro

On March 16th 1978, Italy goes through one of the worst pages in its history, when the Brigate Rosse (Red Brigades), the armed party, kidnap the politician Aldo Moro and brutally kill five bodyguards; the BR thus begin their swan song. During the fifty-five days of imprisonment of the president of the DC (Christian Democratic Party), the terrorists elaborate and issue nine statements in which they illustrate the motivations and strategies of both the kidnapping and the armed struggle. It is definitely one of the events that has most impressed the public opinion since the second postwar, and that a large bibliography keeps examining. However, one aspect has always remained less explored than others: the linguistic one. Through a syntactic, morphological, and lexical analysis this article gives an account of the salient features of the statements, including the rhetorical devices and the communication strategies used by the authors. The linguistic observation highlights the complexity of the nine texts, and the opportunity to consider them as a coherent corpus of writings that share common traits which, although they do not constitute a technical language, still define a peculiar way to communicate of a specific terrorist group. The present work is inspired by a general enthusiasm of the recent Italian studies for the Seventies and for the so called ‘Years of Lead’, and is meant to suggest a particular attention to the role of language in the study of terrorism and of political violence of that period.

Keywords: Red Brigades, statements, semantic fields, expressivity, lexical and syntactic complexity

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Afsaneh Pourmazaheri | La sémantique du stereotype et la representation topique de l’altérité 
This research explores the discursive representation of exotic referents filtered by a stereotyped look in the narrative of three French travelers to the Persia in the first half of the 19th century. The traveler-enunciators, placed in an asymmetrical linguistic and cultural context, attempt to capture and transcribe their observations on foreign terrain according to their intellect, cognition and experience. A series of elements marked by alterity modify the representation that the author-traveler gives of the referent and the referential universe to which he is confronted. It is in this “reductive” way of seeing referents from a different universe and the intervention of the subjectivity of the author that we are interested in this study. We analyze the discursive effects produced by the use of linguistic resources and the enunciative positioning of author-travelers. This homogenizing and generalizing approach to the perception of the Other is made through pre-constructed molds and a subjective approach in the receptive culture that we will try to see with the help of the linguistic and discursive analysis tools in the travel stories of Goupil Fesquet (1844), Rémy Aucher-Eloy (1843) and that of JM Tancoigne (1819) in the East, especially in Persia.

Keywords: stereotypy, alterity, travel literature, ethnotype, representation

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato | “Before Man Was, War Waited for Him”. Blood Meridian e la Guerra del Vietnam
With the exception of No Country for Old Men, the Vietnam War has never appeared openly in Cormac McCarthy’s novels, but it has nevertheless left a deep trace on his early work (Child of God, Suttree, and Blood Meridian). Blood Meridian in particular shows, despite his western setting, an imaginary influenced by the military-political experience of Vietnam. A few scenes in the book in fact read more like a war novel rather than a western, and the connection is even deeper than that. The Vietnam novels typically have some concerns – such as the chaotic descriptions of the battle, the explosion of meaningless violence often perpetrated by friendly fire, and the guerrilla warfare – which are to be found at their best in Blood Meridian. My essay discusses these issues through a comparison with a western movie often associated with the Vietnam War: Sam Peckinpah’s The Wild Bunch.

Keywords: Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian, Vietnam War, The Wild Bunch, Western, war novel

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Gloria Colombo | Wie wenn sich eine einzige hohe aber starke stimme bilde: lingua e stile nel romanzo das scHLOSS di Franz Kafka
While writing Das Schloß (1922), Kafka not only tried to eliminate the most typical elements of Southern German, Viennese German, Czech and Yiddish in order to draw near to the elegance of Classicism, but also shaped the narrative style on the basis of Biblical Hebrew. The accent placed by the latter on parataxis and repetition led him to create a sort of acoustic hallucination, which – as well as the influence of Biblical Hebrew on the novel – has so far been ignored by Kafka scholars.

Keywords: Franz Kafka, The Castle, Prager Deutsch, Hebrew Bible, acoustic hallucination

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Renata Zanin | Elfriede Gerstl, eine Stimme fur italienische Leser 
Elfriede Gerstl can be truly considered a ‘minor’ Austrian poet who spent a lifelong search for her own literary voice at the margins of the turmoil of the literary avant-garde in postwar Vienna. Existential insecurity, irony and a superb command of the German language come together with a highly emotional way of speaking. Elfriede Gerstl’s poems and the recordings of her poems can be successfully used in teaching pronunciation and intonation to Italian learners of German.

Keywords: pattern and culture, prosody, idiomatic and prosodic coinage, poetry in language classes

DOWNLOAD dell'articoloClaudio Macagno | Tra comicità e umorismo: Dar’ja Doncova, “regina del giallo ironico”
In Darya Dontsova’s detective novels the categories of terrible and tragic do not play a significant role but, on the contrary, are deliberately attenuated through the deployment of a number of different strategies that make it impossible to read these novels “без улыбки на лице” [without a smile on one’s face].
Starting from the fundamental works of Bergson (Le rire), Freud (Der Humor) and Pirandello (L’umorismo) and from a series of theoretical concepts accounting for the workings of humour, this paper analyses the various devices employed by Dontsova, the undisputed “queen of the ironic detective story”, to create comic effects.

Keywords: Darya Dontsova, detective story, humour, irony, Humor Studies.

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giuseppe Ghini | “L’eterna influenza francese” Classici russi per il tramite del francese all’alba del Terzo millennio
he article deals with a bad practice introduced anew in Italian publishing: translations from Russian through intermediate French versions. Three Italian translations – The trial of Brodsky, a Chekhov’s and a Grossman’s short story – are shown to be dependent from French versions, then causes and consequences of their lexical and stylistic detachment from the original text are analyzed, a detachment inescapable in second-hand translations, on principle alien to a philological approach.

Keywords: Second hand translations, The trial of Joseph Brodsky, The story of an unknown man, In the main line of attack

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Мауриция Калузио | Василий Гроссман.  и первый опыт художественного исследования Гулага  (О повести Все течет…)
Определить, к какому жанру принадлежит последняя работа Василия Гроссмана Все течет… (1955-1963), нелегко. В последние десятилетия ХХ века литературные критики отмечали, что в ней вообще отсутствуют и сюжет, и фабула. Некоторые исследователи даже не решались назвать этот текст “художественным произведением”. В статье предпринята попытка показать, как Гроссман, говоря на темы в то время еще недопустимые: о системе лагерей, о Голодоморе и т.д. – изобретал совсем новый и смелый способ повествования. Кажущее пренебрежительное отношение Гроссмана к правилам композиции во “Все течет” вызвано потребностью рассказывать без лжи о неописуемом и невыразимом человеческом пути в лагере. В статье анализируются мотивы путешествия и сна, а также фигура умолчания, к которой Гроссман прибегает, чтобы выразить свое несогласие с фальшью социалистического реализма.
Keywords: Vasily Grossman, Everything flows, Gulag literature, Russian literature
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Галина Жиличева | “Ясность” и “связность” как смысловые доминанты нарратива В. Гроссмана (“За правое дело”, “Жизнь и судьба”)
В статье рассматриваются смысловые доминанты нарративной структуры романов В.С. Гроссмана. Анализируется смысловое поле концептов «ясности» и «связности», используемых в качестве маркеров ситуации «прозрения истины» в сюжете дилогии.
В результате исследования устанавливается, что большое количество повторов слов «ясный», «прозрачный», «свет», «связь», «нить» в романах Гроссмана объясняется сверхдетерминированностью данных знаков. Они являются элементом диалога с литературной традицией, отсылают к общеевропейскому визуальному коду, метафоре «ткани мироздания». Концепты «ясности» и «связности» акцентируют сложное взаимодействие дискурса «откровения» и дискурса «агитации» в коммуникативной структуре текстов Гроссмана. Кроме того, они являются и метанарративными маркерами: нарратив постулирует стремление к тотальной связности и ясности, обнаруживая «невидимые» нити и «очевидную» истину.
Keywords: Grossman, narrative, repetition, discourse strategy
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Margherita Ulrych
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Tradizione della cultura classica a cura di Guido Milanese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here,  as ePub file by clicking here,  and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2015/1

In this issue:

A. Cattani — F. H. van Eemeren — M.D. Aeschliman — V. Prencipe — V. Bogushevskaya — C. Naccarato — C. Macagno — G. Giardini


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Adelino Cattani, Il discorso di commiato del “più prolifico studioso di argomentazione al mondo”
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Frans H. van Eemeren, Sulla ragionevolezza
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo M.D. Aeschliman, A Dark Angel and His Masterpiece: Aldous Huxley and Brave New World
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Vittoria Prencipe, Origine e significato delle parole che parlano di cibo
The project aims to trace the semantic of the most commonly used words referred to food, beside ‘food’ and ‘nourishment’, through a prevailing etymological analysis, in order to highlight the differences that got lost in their current use. The second part of the article focuses on the concept of ‘feast’, convivium, a way to spend life together, upon which the Western idea of civilization is based.
Keywords: food, nourishment, banquet, civilization
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Victoria Bogushevskaya, Chinese GRUE: on the original meaning and evolution of qīng 青
One of the peculiarities of Chinese colour vocabulary is that the composite qīng 青category not only denotes green-blue continuum, but also extends into the macro-black area of a colour space. Qīng is one of the five canonical colours in China. Although it has a binary word formation function – as a radical in derived colour lexemes in wenyan and as a morpheme in compounds in Modern Standard Mandarin – it is not a basic colour term in contemporary Chinese, there are separate psychologically salient terms for ‘green’, ‘blue’ and ‘black’. The paper aims to provide semantic analysis of all the existing meanings of the polysemantic qīng, determines the sequence of their emergence and puts forward a hypothesis about the reasons for their syncretism.
Keywords: colour naming, grue, macro-category, qing, colour categorisation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Chiara Naccarato, I composti verbali in russo
This paper is about verbal compounds in Russian. After a brief description of the main characteristics of verbal compounds and of the criteria used for their identification, Russian verbal compounds are classified on the basis of their morphological structure. Finally, the different types of verbal compounds are identified and the compounds that cannot be regarded as ‘verbal’ are excluded from this category.
Keywords: compounding, verbal compounds, Russian, argument structure
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Claudio Macagno, La poetica di titoli e copertine dei gialli di Dar’ja Doncova
This paper investigates the titles and the covers of Darya Dontsova’s detective novels. Starting from a number of considerations on the importance and function of the title in literary texts in general, the work focuses on the investigation of this phenomenon in mass popular literature, the genre which Dontsova’s novels belong to. The article describes the linguistic and semioic processes on which the choice of the titles and the covers is based. The principal semantic groups, the relationship between the titles of Dontsova’s novels and the series in which they are grouped are also examined. The numerous intertextual references that can be found in the titles on the one hand render the titles more attractive, on the other hand reveal a refined and sophisticated operation, the result of a poetic expression of our times.
Keywords: mass popular literature, detective story, Dar’ja Doncova, titology, intertextuality
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giorgia Giardini, Il messaggio sociale nel teatro di Miguel Hernández
Ce travail se propose d’illustrer la trajectoire sociale et politique de Miguel Hernández à travers ses pièces de théâtre : nous analyserons sa progressive adhésion au communisme et son activité de propagande pendant la Guerre Civile Espagnole. En même temps, nous décrirons plusieurs choix thématiques de l’auteur, avec une attention particulière à la caractérisation des personnages dans ses pièces engagées.

Keywords: Miguel Hernández, engaged theatre, characters, evolution

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking here and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2014/1-2

In this issue:

C. Assoni — T. Austenfeld — R. Barsky — F. Baucia — F. Bellini — B. Belloni — L. Bignotti — E. Bolchi — S. Carini — S. Cigada — M. Corradini — F. Crippa — C. Foppa Pedretti — G. Grata — F. Locatelli — F. Lonati — R. Marseglia — L. Mor — P. Nardi — D. Pagani — R. Pignataro — P. Ponti — F. Rognoni — S. Rosso — B. Saglietti — G. Segato — D. Vago — M. Verna


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Assoni, Fuga dalla modernità (fuga verso il mito). L’Escape nelle opere di Tolkien
The Lord of The Rings is not a book for children or a fantasy saga based on pure escape, but it’s an epic tale about surviving to the ugliness of modern life. In On Fairy-Stories, Tolkien explains his concept of ‘escape’: a vital impulse to ‘sub-creation’, a saving moment for every human being; its final product is the creation of a different world, shaped on Beauty, and placed in a mythical and eternal time. According to Tolkien, fantasy has three main functions: recovery, escape and consolation, intertwined in an indissoluble way. This refreshing fantasy allows men to escape from the prison of a life restricted by lies, meaningless formalities and influences. And through it, men can once again look to reality with freshness, seeing it without any present mark in a mythical air; escape starts a process that finds its fulfilment into the ‘eucatastrophe’, that is not only the simple ‘happy ending’ of fairy-stories, but is an echo of the Evangelium in the real world.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Thomas Austenfeld, Fleeing, Flying, Staying, Leaving: The Persistence of Escape in American Literature
The creative potential inherent in the dual meaning of the verbs ‘to flee/to fly’, denoting both escape and movement through air, is illustrated in foundational American narratives of flight – in the forms of escape, abandonment, and thwarted departure – with notable gender variations. Barbara Kingsolver’s 2012 novel Flight Behavior recapitulates this tradition even while extending it to the discourse of global climate change.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Robert Barsky, The Savage Pilgrimage: D.H. Lawrence’s Dialogic Journeys upon Monte Verità, the Mountain of Truth
At the center of D.H. Lawrence’s enormous corpus of poetry, short stories, novels, and literary criticism is Lady Chatterley’s Lover, one of a long line of censored classics described in a recent work as Dirt for Art Sake. Despite the popularity of Lawrence’s writings, however, and the notoriety he gained from legal proceedings initiated against him in the name of censorship, few critics have situated his literary and cultural quest as regards his intense intellectual engagement with contemporary counter-culture in Germany and in Switzerland and many, perhaps as a consequence, deride or shun his more bawdy work. In this paper, I will argue that examples of contemporary counterculture, and in particular his engagement with ideas emanating from the anarchist, bohemian, nudist, sun-worshipping, vegetarian, artistic colony at Monte Verità, were key catalysts for the dialogic and carnivalesque qualities of works such as Sun and Lady Chatterley’s Lover. This talk will trace the historical and ideological tentacles that connect Lawrence’s work to contemporary counter-culture, and then conclude by linking his approach to the writings of M.M. Bakhtin, whose corpus reads like a ‘how-to’ manual for readers willing to truly engage Lawrence’s bawdy, earthy, dialogic writing.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Baucia, Fughe ‘dal’ tempo, fughe ‘nel’ tempo: Borges, McTaggart, Nabokov
This paper presents two different kinds of relationship between the concepts of ‘flight’ and ‘temporality’, which are resumed by two nabokovean sentences. We can call the first one ‘flight out of time’: this kind of relationship reveals a sceptical attitude towards the real existence of time, an attitude shared by writers (Borges) and philosophers (McTaggart). The second one can be called ‘flight in time’: according to Nabokov, temporality is at the heart of art and literature, and so it’s impossible to realize a true ‘escape’ from time. In this sense, the real aim of the good artist should be the flight in the pure medium of time, namely in the ‘texture’ (different from the ‘text’, the ‘content’, of time) of the temporal dimension.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federico Bellini, In fuga sulla sedia a dondolo: Murphy di Samuel Beckett
The paper deals with the significance of the rocking chair in Samuel Beckett’s novel Murphy, considered as an item of Beckett’s ‘geometrical symbolism’. I claim that the shape of the rocking chair can be interpreted in connection to Beckett’s interest in irrational numbers used as a means to explain his characters’ relation with the world. Moreover, I hint at how, under this light, the rocking chair can be related to another typical Beckettian prop, the bicycle, and show how the complementary symbolism of these two objects may serve as a paradigm for a typology of Beckett’s characters.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Belloni, Storia di una diaspora morisca: le istruzioni per la fuga verso Oriente nel manoscritto aljamiado 774 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Parigi
This article analyzes a fragment (ff. 37v-39r) of the Aljamiado manuscript n. 774 that belongs to the National Library in Paris. The study aims to reflect on the value of the document as a historical evidence of the flight to the East of some members of the Hispano-Muslim community, and to think about the considerable significance that the aljamiado-morisco production has in the Spanish literature of the 16th and 17th centuries.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Bignotti, Fuga del tempo, fuga dal tempo: la poesia di Johann Ch. Günther (1695-1723)
The present article illustrates the presence and the evolution of the escape theme in the poetry of the late-baroque author Johann Christian Günther (1695-1723). This topic is to be found in the frequent lexical references to life’s fleeting nature that characterize Guenther’s early lyrics as well as in his late production, when he often mentions his desire to flee from a world, which is unable to receive his poetical message and, at the same time, from the declining Baroque conventions.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Bolchi, Fuga verso il presente. Un’analisi delle fughe in The Stone Gods di Jeanette Winterson
When The Stone Gods begins, an escape seems the only possibility to survive a planet, incredibly similar to ours, that is going to die. But this escape will be useless, because the new arrival, the new hope, will reveal to be our present, Planet Earth, that at the end of the novel is in such a bad condition to offer, once again, escape as the only alternative. In Winterson’s novel, escape is a concept widely analyzed in different ways: escape from society, escape from the socially accepted ‘normality’, from cultural cages and, last but not least, escape from a dying out planet.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Carini, “La historia no la leemos, la releemos siempre”: fuga dall’archivio in Rodrigo Rey Rosa e Horacio Castellanos Moya
The article analyses the relationship between archive and history in two Centro American novels: El material humano by Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Insensatez by Horacio Castellanos Moya. The analysis clarifies how the search for collective identity into the archive appears to both protagonists as an escape from a present considered violent and chaotic but also as an escape from a tyrannical and silenced past that is still oppressing them. The escape is indeed frustrated by fear and paranoia deriving from the impossibility of revisiting and knowing the past in total freedom.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada, La Fuite dans Les Passions de l’âme (Descartes)
In his last treatise, Descartes defines human passions a problematic topic in his system. From a theoretical point of view, the human being is formed by an immaterial and a material substance, completely independent from each other. Nonetheless, passions surprisingly involve both reason and body in a joint experience. Flight is an example Descartes often refers to in order to explain that man should be able, thanks to a hard training comparable to dog training, to resist any passion. But this not always the case. Furthermore, the instinct to flee may be regarded as an element of every passion. That is why it may also be considered as a hint to the deepest orientation towards good of any human action.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Corradini, Le sirene, la poesia, la morte. Appunti su Omero e Pascoli
Even though the Sirens’ song poses a deadly threat to whoever listens to it, it is also paralleled to knowledge and poetry itself. The present study examines the Homeric archetype and its rewriting in Giovanni Pascoli’s Ultimo viaggio (in Poemi conviviali, 1904), with a view to illustrating how in the former case the Sirens are a danger to steer clear of, while in the latter they are the ultimate goal of Ulysses’ quest for identity and the absolute – yet, this time the Sirens are silent and elusive.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Crippa, In fuga dalla storia, dagli stereotipi e dalle convenzioni sociali: il caso della ‘Pastora’ in Donde nadie te encuentre di Alicia Giménez-Bartlett
Within Alicia Giménez-Bartlett’s novel, Donde nadie te encuentre, the desire to escape follows two different directions. Teresa Pla Meseguer flies away from a society incapable of accepting her diversity. At the same time, the other characters of the novel experience a gradual process of estrangement from the ideals of Francisco Franco’s Spain. The aim of this work is to reread the text according to this point of view, underlining how the author deals with the theme of the flight as a way to project oneself towards a new vital dimension that all the characters seem to desire.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Foppa Pedretti, In fuga dalla tirannia, dall’odio e dal perdono: Urania Cabral in La fiesta del Chivo di Mario Vargas Llosa
Rafael Trujillo is known as one of the most vicious and ruthless dictators to have afflicted Latin America. His regime, which for thirty-one years oppressed Dominican people, came to an end on the day of his assassination, the 30th of May of 1961. In 2000, Mario Vargas Llosa published La Fiesta del Chivo, a novel that recounts the last fifteen days of the Dominican despot. The protagonist of the work, Urania, is the daughter of Agustín Cabral, one of the senators of Trujillo. After more than thirty years in the United States, she returns to Santo Domingo. Through her story we learn of the barbaric violence and bitter betrayal that led her to flee from an indelible and incurable sorrow, which will mark her existence. This paper aims at analyzing how Urania’s escapes are, at different times, both a separation and a rapprochement with her life and origins in the constant search for truth.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulia Grata, Montale contra Rimbaud: la Bildung di “chi rimane a terra”
The essay deals with Montale’s reading of Rimbaud. It carries out a comparative analysis of two narrative long poems written by the authors in their youth: Mediterraneo (1925) and Bateau ivre (1883). Both poems deal with the relationship between the poet and the sea and represent the sea as an allegory of language and of poetry. They have a similar structure, that of a Bildungsroman, but their endings are opposite. There are in Mediterraneo several allusions to the Bateau ivre suggesting that Montale is refusing and going beyond the idea of man and of poetry which underpins Symbolism.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Locatelli, Des lignes de fuite vers le moi : Henri Michaux
Since the very beginning, Henri Michaux’s poetry has investigated the topic of being, namely its definition, its extent and its boundaries, through the instrument of writing. According to the poet’s vision, human being is “multiple, complexe et d’ailleurs fuyant”; as a consequence, poetry, whose main objective is “questionner, ausculter, approcher le problème de l’être” (Passages), cannot but witness this protean and elusive tendency. Therefore, in the context of a poetic production focused on the theme of the escape, the self, “[qui] est et se voudrait ailleurs, essentiellement autre”, shall overflow its physical and linguistic boundaries, dissolving into many “lignes de fuite”/ “convergence lines” (Deleuze-Guattari), which represent the real issue treated in Michaux’s poetry. As we hope to demonstrate by the analysis of some pages of Plume, La Vie dans les plis, Face aux verrous, the escape and moving of the self, including its body and identity, are not the result of arbitrary imaginative work, but the most suitable poetic strategy allowing the reader to grasp the real objective of art, that is to say the inexhaustible longing for self-understanding, as well as understanding of others.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Franco Lonati, Un’anabasi metropolitana. The Warriors di Sol Yurick
Escape is one of the narrative and stylistic elements on which noir fiction – one of the distinctive genres of 20th century American literature – is based. My paper focuses on an example of modern and atypical noir fiction, a virtually unknown novel written by Sol Yurick and titled The Warriors, whose film adaptation, paradoxically enough, has come to further obscure it. The novel, treading the same path as authors like David Goodis and Dorothy Hughes, centres around an escape (both physical and metaphorical), but it departs from standard practice in the characteristics, motives and meanings that the escape assumes over the course of narration. These peculiar characteristics are the subject of my paper.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rocco Marseglia, OEdipe, un héros en fuite
This paper aims to highlight the various ‘escapes’ marking the various moments of Oedipus’ mythological story as it arises in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. T x hough Laius has pierced his son’s feet in order to prevent him from escaping, Oedipus arrives in Corinth; after he discovering that he is not Polybus’ real child, he resumes his escape and arrives in Thebes, his true homeland. Here, he will see the truth and flee into exile. Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex stages this Theban stay of Oedipus, closed between two parallel escapes.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor, La fuga negata. Marie Luise Kaschnitz e il nazismo
In January 1946 the German writer Marie Luise Kaschnitz published the essay Von der Schuld (On Guilt) on the journal Die Wandlung (The Change). In this essay, several months after the end of the war, she replies to the charges made against the German people of having allowed the Nazi to drag the whole world into the Second World War. Kaschnitz’s essay is a neglected document of the still unfinished debate around the guilt of those Germans who did not take position against Adolf Hitler. The text does not merely serve as evidence for accusing or acquitting the writer and those who, like her, called themselves cowards for not having spoken against the regime; it rather allows for the understanding of the causes of the Innere Emigration, a phenomenon caused by the paralyzing power of the regime of terror that hindered for most people the opportunity to flee, including towards their own conscience.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Nardi, Runaway Women Slaves: From Slave Narratives to Contemporary Rewritings
This essay deals with the theoretical treatment of slave narratives written by women through an overview of the recent critical debate on this topic. It then considers two texts, Harriet Jacob’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself f published in 1861 and Toni Morrison’s Beloved published in 1987, both exemplary texts respectively of the autobiographical writing by slave women and of the ‘neo-slave narrative’, contemporary novels where the historical phenomenon of slavery still deeply influences contemporary society. Neo-slave narratives profoundly differ from slave narratives being the former fictional renditions and the latter autobiographical accounts of supposedly true events. Their differences notwithstanding, neo-slave narratives testify to the unending vitality of one of the first and most influential traditions in African American literature and culture, and to the centrality that the history and the memory of slavery still have in molding the United States.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Daniela Pagani, Fuga da Israele – Il caso dello scrittore Eshkol Nevo
In The yiddish policemen’s union, Michael Chabon imagines a world without Israel, where Jewish people have established a state in Alaska; Aharon Appelfeld in his last novel The boy who wanted to sleep, faces the theme of settling in a new homeland; Philip Roth, in a beautifully absurd book, tells about his alter ego who arrives in Jerusalem to promote a diaspora project, which consists in forcing Jewish people to leave Palestine. Eshkol Nevo, one of the most authentic voices of new Jewish fiction, in a kind of epic story, Neuland, dreams about a tiny Jewish City of the sun in South America: “My characters are trapped in the same way that their own country is trapped. Going away sets them free”. An analysis of how poetic creation is able to celebrate what could have been if things would have had the strength to go differently.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rosa Pignataro, La fuga dell’‘Io’ narrativo nel romanzo del dopoguerra spagnolo
My contribution arises from the attempt to analyse some of the most significant novels of the Spanish post-war, since the 1940s until the 1960s-‘70s. In particular, I analyze the ‘escape’ of the ‘self ’ from the narration. The works studied are: La familia de Pascual Duarte and La Colmena by Camilo José Cela, El camino by Miguel Delibes, andVolverás a Región by Juan Benet.The first of the novels in question is marked by the presence of a strong and pervasive Yo, Pascual’s narration represents the roundness of the autobiography. The ‘escape’, the breakup till the total rupture of the narrative pact between author and reader, becomes a reality with a novel of the next decade, El camino, in which an omniscient narrator filters the autobiographical experience through the eyes of children. The next step is the infinite multiplication of the representation of the self in a mosaic repetition of narrative voices and characters in La Colmena. The escape of the ego reaches the full realization with the novel Volverás a Región that stigmatizes the total anonymity of narration given by an omniscient narrator who, breaking the rules of the traditional narrative, introduces the reader in an undefined space where the ‘I’ floats and reveals what the characters say and feel but confusing names and events to prove the condition of ruin of human existence.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Ponti, “Dobbiamo ritentare la fuga”. L’inizio e i finali delle Avventure di Pinocchio
In Le Avventure di Pinocchio, three episodes deserve special attention, for they open and close the puppet’s story: the flight from his father at the beginning of the book (chapter III), the flight from the murderers, which ends the part published in 1881 in the “Giornale per i bambini” (chapters XIV-XV) and, finally, the flight from the Shark, which marks the end of the final version of the work, published in 1883 by Paggi (chapters XXXV-XXXVI). The analysis has enabled to point out how the relationship reason-instinct marks an evolution in Pinocchio’s modes of flight, leaving unaltered, however, the fundamental structure. The mechanism of both endings is organized according to a closed form, that, having death as a starting point and as an outcome, poses itself as an alternative to the character growing up.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Rognoni, Fuga in Franciacorta. Alessandro Spina e Joseph Conrad
The essay is a survey of the works of Alessandro Spina (1927-2013), undoubtly the most important postcolonial Italian novelist, emphasizing his lifelong ‘dialogue’ with Joseph Conrad’s works. The theme of ‘flight’ or ‘escape’, present everywhere in the novels (and in the lives) of both authors, is a leitmotif of the article. Almost paradoxically, Conrad’s best known structural feature (his use of the character-narrator) is shown to be more recognizable in those novels of Spina’s that take place in Italy, among the upper bourgeoisie, than those belonging to his ‘African cycle’.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Stefano Rosso, Note sulla fuga (e sull’inseguimento) nel western americano
As it is well known, the escape motif is typical of American fiction, but acquires a clear and formulaic centrality in the Western genre. However, particularly after WWII, this apparently conservative genre, has produced some narratives in which the ideology of the American Dream is radically questioned. This short essay highlights the revisionistic move of some Western novelists such as Elmore Leonard, Charles Portis and others, who followed their example.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Saglietti, Ritiro dalle scene, fuga per quartetto vocale, radio contrappuntistica: fugue ed escape in Glenn Gould
The pianist Glenn Gould quit the concert stage at the peak of his career (1964). At the same time he composed So you want to write a fugue?, for four-part chorus of mixed voices with strings (or piano) accompaniment, a sort of ironic hyperbole that makes fun of ‘classical’ western music. Then Gould invented ‘contrapuntal radio’ in which independent voices are intertwined without any thematic elaboration. In 1967 the ‘docudrama’ The Idea of North opened The Solitude Trilogy. Gould, hidden behind radio editing, transfigured his personal escape in radio art. Using the writings of Gould, some of which have never been translated into Italian, the discussion of So you want to write a fugue? and The Idea of North, I would like to clarify how the escape from the world of Gould has been refined through the fugue and counterpoint.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato, Fleeing War. Due strategie di diserzione letteraria:I parenti del Sud di Carlo Montella e Going After Cacciato di Tim O’Brien
This paper investigates two kinds of desertions represented in two war novels: Carlo Montella’s I parenti del Sud and Tim O’Brien’s Going After Cacciato. I claim that the desertions described in these novels are directly linked with the specific war that is the backdrop of the book. The hero of I parenti del sud, still confused by Fascist ideology, deserts and runs away to a relative’s house in order to clear his head. Instead, in Going After Cacciato the protagonist’s desertion seems to have the same grotesque and bizarre traits of the background conflict: The Vietnam War.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Davide Vago, Proust, fuir l’oralité pour trouver un accent
Proust has always asserted that salon conversation is incompatible with the noiseless shrine where a writer devotes himself to literature. Nonetheless, the more Proust confines himself in his cork-lined room to escape the transient voices of the world, the more ‘orality’ emerges from his writing as the equivalent not of ‘voice’, but rather of ‘accent’. In this paper I investigate this paradox by examining the episode concerning Bergotte’s voice, which seems so eccentric to the narrator.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marisa Verna, Le fugitif. Fuir la vérité dans la Recherche du temps perdu
Everyone knows that Proust’s Recherche is the history of an artistic vocation, the history of a quest of truth. Truth, however, is not easily found and hides itself away. The novel’s hero hides himself, he flees during three thousand pages to avoid facing his artistic mission. This article aims to analyse this flight and it is structured in three parts: the flight of friendship, the flight of love and the flight from literature, Marcel’s final attempt to indulge in divertissement, wasting the true time of beauty for urbane life. Only when sorrow and mourning lead him to the obscurity of the self, can the novel’s hero take upon himself his artistic duty. In effect, if Albertine is the Fugitive, if it is she who physically disappears, it is Marcel who keeps on fleeing in his uninterrupted ‘fugue’, in the double meaning of ‘flight’ and of “a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts”. This last meaning is only possible in the night of sorrow and in the desert of absence.

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking here and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2/2013

In this issue:

J. Rock — D. Puato — M. F. Bonadonna — N. Stoyanova — M. Di Salvo — L. Mor — M. Diez — M. Verna e M. Calusio — G. Gobber — E. Galazzi e C.Molinari — M. Ulrych e A. Murphy — A. Bonola — F. Missaglia


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo James Rock, Exploring vocabulary-related epistemological beliefs with Q-methodology
In recent decades, a significant amount of research has focused on understanding the motivation behind the adoption of certain vocabulary learning strategies by some learners and not by others. This has involved investigating numerous variables, including amongst others learner aptitude, motivation, the role of the teacher, and self-efficacy beliefs. In this paper, attention was given to exploring vocabulary-related epistemological beliefs, in an effort to understand which epistemological belief dimensions were more or less favoured by 40 Italian university learners of English as a foreign language. Using a technique known as Q-methodology, the investigation revealed that although the participants shared many vocabulary-related epistemological beliefs, there were also some important differences among learners. These particularly related to how dependent learners were on an external source of knowledge and their views on the certainty of knowledge.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Daniela Puato, Gli atti direttivi nei foglietti illustrativi dei medicinali tedeschi
In this paper I analyze the directive speech acts of a corpus of German patient information leaflets for prescription medications. In particular, I  escribe them with particular attention to their different linguistic realizations and degree of directiveness. As a result, it can be stated that the imperative and sollten are the typical linguistic expressions of directiveness in this text genre, in contrast with other genres of the instructive category, which are characterized by the use of the infinitive form. Most importantly, a tendency to the desemantisation of canonic forms of directiveness can be observed. It thus emerges that the difficult comprehensibility of information leaflets is determined not only by lexical and syntactic but also by pragmatic aspects.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Maria Francesca Bonadonna, Il fascismo contro i francesismi della moda. Il Commentario dizionario di Cesare Meano
The Commentario Dizionario Italiano della Moda by Cesare Meano was published in 1936 by the fascist regime, in order to defend the strategic field of fashion from foreign importations. Following an introduction dedicated to the general features of the work, rarely studied in the field of Linguistics, this article examines the treatment of French terms in the final Guida, destinated to the translation of loans into Italian. The third section offers some remarks about the impact of the volume and of the translation solutions from French.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Nataliya Stoyanova, Complessità della gerarchizzazione sintattica in L2: confronto fra il russo degli apprendenti italofoni e quello dei parlanti nativi
It is commonly held that second language learners start with quite primitive syntactic structures and then gradually approach their syntax to the target language norm. Some functional approaches to SLA consider the whole acquisitional process to be a consecutive ‘syntactization’, when learners pass from the pragmatic mode to the syntactic mode. I decided to verify if this works when learners’ native language is more hypotactic than their second language, so I created a bilingual corpus of written descriptions of seven episodes of the mute film Modern Times, which comprehend productions in Russian L2 of italophones, Italian L1 (more hypotactic) and Russian L1 (less hypotactic), and I analyzed the complexity of macro-syntactic hirarchies used in the corpus. In this article I will describe the observed data and I will demonstrate that the level of complexity of macro-syntactic hierarchies used by Italians when speaking Russian L2, even on beginner stages of acquisition, is superior to the complexity of Russian L1 macro-syntactic hierarchies. I will eventually argue that, regarding syntactic complexity, the explicative hypothesis of the influence of mother tongue is much more valid than the one of a still immature competence in second language.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Di Salvo, Lingua italiana e immagini dell’Italia nella scrittura migrante di Concetta Coppolino
Concetta Coppolino, born in Mazzarà Sant’Andrea (ME) in 1939, migrated to Cambridge (UK) as servant. When she arrived in England in 1957, she did’t know English at all. But, after many years in England and without any school in English, she learnt English and she wrote two English novels: A Difficult Situation and A Volcanic Destiny. On her first novel, A Difficult Situation, we intend to focus on in this paper, whose aim is its linguistic and cultural analysis.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor, Die Literarisierung des entzifferten Ägypten. Wissenschaft und Fiktion im Roman Uarda (1877) von Georg Ebers (1837-1898)
In the context of nineteenth-century orientalism, the narrative production of the Berlin-born Egyptologist George Ebers (1837-1898), whose novels fall within the category of Professorenroman, plays a significant role. Standing on the confines between literature and historiography, Ebers’ works set in Egypt gave rise to an authentic mania for Egypt and made the people, events, habits and customs of the ancient country of the Nile, which at that time were being studied by the first generation of German Egyptologists (Lepsius, Brugsch), familiar to a vast public of readers; but the literary transposition of the ancient Egyptian world was also an opportunity to write about the burning religious, political and social questions of the day. The analysis of the successful novel Uarda, printed in thousands of copies, intends not only to focus on Ebers’sWeltanschauung, but also to contribute to rediscover a writer who, although not outstanding from a literary point of view, represents a significant part of the Wilhelmian Zeitgeist.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Martino Diez, I talismani di al-Maʿarrī: il prologo dell’Epistola del perdono e una divagazione in rima
The article analyses and translates two passages from the Epistle of Forgiveness, a masterpiece of the poet-philosopher Abū l-ʿAlāʾ al-Maʿarrī. The rich prologue in rhymed prose, already translated into German and commented on by Gregor Schoeler, and a philological digression according to the letters of the alphabet complete the picture of the first part of the Epistle of Forgiveness, dedicated to the journey of Ibn al-Qārih into the afterworld. The appendix contains some corrections and annotations of the translation of the Epistle published by Einaudi (Turin 2011).
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marisa Verna e Maurizia Calusio, Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloMargherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking hereand also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 1/2013

In this issue:

F. Ricci Garotti — M. Bonifazio — M. Serio — L. Devilla — A. Raimondi — L. Salvato — G. Gobber — E. Galazzi e C. Molinari — M. Ulrych e A. Murphy — A. Bonola — F. Missaglia


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Ricci Garotti, Passione o leggerezza? Un’analisi contrastiva di pubblicità italiane e tedesche
What is the relationship existing between food and identity? How do advertisements contribute to a deeper understanding of both one’s own culture and those of other countries? This is one of the questions this paper tries to answer through a small but significant corpus of commercials in Italian and German which promote the same brands in both countries, Italy and Germany, by means of different communicative strategies. Following some of the most recent studies about the multimodal text and the theory of speech acts, we can analyze both the visual and the language elements that allow us to compare the relationship between the two cultures and their food tradition. Particularly interesting are commercials of Italian food for the German public and conversely of German food for the Italian public. Language and cultural stereotyped images enrich the intercultural dialogue between the two cultures, a dialogue which has always been complex and certainly never banal. The findings are unexpected: more traditional and informative strategies used by German advertisements versus ambiguous and opaque expressions in the Italian messages. This difference may suggest that the Italian representation of food exerts a greater influence over the tastes and ideas of others rather than the German one does.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Massimo Bonifazio, “Dieta rigorosa, dicevamo”. Annotazioni sul cibo nella narrativa di Thomas Mann
Food and eating descriptions play a central role in Thomas Manns narrative: they are a suitable device for portraying characters and situations by mixing reality and symbols, and can be interpreted at different levels. The paper will investigate in particular the role of food descriptions in the short story Der Tod in Venedig (1912) and in the novel Buddenbrooks (1901).
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Serio, Die Weltzweiheit als Wahrnehmungsmuster im Gedichtbuch „Die Bettlerschale“ von Christine Lavant
This essay deals with the interpretation of selected poems taken from the volume Die Bettlerschale (1956) by the hermetic Austrian poet Christine Lavant, whose biography was marked by poverty, chronic illnesses, pain, suffering and a personal religious crisis in response to the strict Catholicism of her native rural Carinthia. In particular this paper analyses the poems according to her fragmented self, split into an earthly and a spiritual dimension.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lorenzo Devilla, L’image de la Sardaigne dans les guides touristiques français et italiens
This article analyses the representation of Sardinia through a contrastive approach, comparing a corpus of French tourist guides and the Italian guide edited by the Touring Club. This investigation, however, does not aim at analysing stereotypical images, but it rather focuses on the processes of enunciation in which stereotypes take place. On the basis of recent studies in the field of pragmatics of tourism communication and tourism discourse analysis, adjectivation and some phenomena of linguistic and discourse stereotyping are analysed, including cliché of denomination, quoting and comparisons.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Andrea Raimondi, Dialetto e identità nei racconti di Beppe Fenoglio
The concept of identity is intrinsically ambivalent, and used in a variety of contexts. As a multi-faceted phenomenon, identity has generated numerous studies in the last fifty years, but what interests me, for the purpose of my research, is the appearance, from the early 1980s, of studies focusing on the linguistic aspects of identity. Language is indeed the most evident marker of personal identity, and the first instrument we use to negotiate our relationships with others. In the first part of this paper some theories on the language/identity relationship are briefly examined, such as, for example, Le Page and Tabouret-Keller’s acts of identity theory, and Howard Giles’ language accommodation theory. Then, such theories are applied to some passages taken from Beppe Fenoglio’s rural short stories, where some characters decide to resort to Piedmontese dialect, in order to explain the language switch, and demonstrate how dialects can also contribute to assert speakers’ personal identity and their belonging to a social group.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Salvato, Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking hereand also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 2/2012

In this issue:

L. Balbiani — M. Calusio — S. Gilardoni — H.-G. Grüning — E. Longhi — M. A. Rieger — M. Baggio e M. C. Gatti — B. Cambiaghi — E. Galeazzi e C. Molinari — M. Ulrych e M. L. Maggioni — A. Bonola — G. Gobber e F. Missaglia — F.Missaglia


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Balbiani, Der Krieg ist der beste koch. Die Metapher des Essens in Einblattdrucken zur Zeit des Dreissigjährigen Krieges
The conceptual metaphor of food, and in particular that of the banquet, was used as a leitmotiv in a great number of broadsheets during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). This case-study shows how this metaphor, thanks to its many inferences, turned out to be particularly effective in representing the various and intricate phases of the conflict for a large, often not educated public. It allowed to focus on single episodes in the conflict and on the ever-changing stances of the contenders by providing a coherent interpretive framework. At the same time it was possible to create a complex network of intertextual references that developed along the whole duration of the war and that fruitfully exploited the creative possibilities provided by the implications connected to the metaphor of the banquet. Through the concept of the banquet, which intentionally contrasted with the meager diet of ‘the man in the street’ but still referred to the shared experience of eating, it was possible to create a common ground that gave everybody access to an otherwise impenetrable and extremely complex situation like the Thirty Years’ War. It made it also possible to present the war in a perspective of salvation, thus voicing the terrible social and religious struggles of those years.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Maurizia Calusio, «Crudele è la potenza della fame». Leggendo Tutto scorre di Vasilij Grossman
In this paper the author investigates the passages dedicated to the theme of food (from abundance or lack of food to the tragedy of the Great Famine) in the novel Everything flows by V. Grossman. Through the theme of food, the analysis shows the completeness and the artistic value of this novel, which, alongside with Life and Fate, is one of the most important among Grossman’s works, though it remained unpublished until 1970 and it has been studied little up to now.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloSilvia Gilardoni, Parlare di olio. Terminologia della degustazione e tipi di testi
This paper aims at analyzing the Italian terminology used in the olive oil sector to describe the tasting characteristics of olive oil. The investigation is based on a corpus of lexicographic and textual materials in Italian, which enabled us to outline a conceptual and terminological analysis of the domain of olive oil sensory analysis. A part of the work examines the modes of expression and the terminological variation in different text genres, which are characteristic of the communication in this sector, such as regulatory legal texts, informative and promotional texts.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloHans-Georg Grüning, Gastronomische metaphorik und nationalcharakter
Food metaphors can be used to characterize, often pejoratively, a person or groups of persons which have different gastronomic habits. Taking as a starting point a semantic analysis, the research focuses on the use of the gastronomic metaphor either in the political satire (Hogarth, Gillray) or in authors like V. Imbriani and H. Heine to describe satirically and humorously the members of different social groups or peoples, a technique that in times of war or conflicts may assume polemical and defamatory tones.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisabetta Longhi, Una fame da toro. Riflessioni sull’ ingordigia nella cultura austriaca
The topic of food excess and its experience has been of interest for personalities from very different backgrounds, each of them driven by a predominant reason for expressing a strong censure. Exemplary cases will be taken from a considerable lapse of time, going from the seventeenth century to the present day, and such excursus shall be a means to trace the evolution of the Austrian idea of greediness, seen in its religious, moral, psychological, medical, social and even comic implications. Starting from the anathema thrown by the Baroque preacher Abraham a Sancta Clara against the sin of gluttony, we will eventually deal with the concept of bulimia as an illness to be treated and cured.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marie A. Rieger, Il sapore dell’ italia: i nomi delle marche alimentari pseudoitaliane in Germania
Italian cuisine is famous and appreciated all over the world. To some people, its variety and lightness are expressions of the Italians’ proverbial joie de vivre, to others it simply recalls the sun, the sea and holidays. Of course, everyone agrees that Italian cuisine is a synonym of savouriness and quality. As far as Germany is concerned, Italian gastronomy has a history of almost 60 years and an annual turnover that exceeds three billions euros. The overall success of the Italian way of eating can also be seen in supermarkets offering a wide range of typical Italian foods. There, in addition to the Italian BARILLA, BUITONI and LAVAZZA, one will find German brands like COMBINO, RIGGANO and BELLAROM. Their Italian sounding names clearly want to suggest an Italian origin of the respective products. Since Italian origin is a guarantee of savouriness and quality, German companies try to make use of the so-called country-of-origin effect. The linguistic analysis of 41 Italian sounding brand names owned by German companies demonstrates that the naming strategies can be put down to just a few patterns. At first sight this seems to violate the marketing imperatives of innovation and diversity. Yet, the names are perfectly functional: since they reflect the Germans’ idea of the Italian language – as demonstrated empirically – these names reach their main goal, i.e. they – and the respective products – are perceived as Italian. At the same time, the supposed Italian origin becomes a quality mark.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Mario Baggio e Maria Cristina Gatti, Rassegna di Linguistica generale
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Bona Cambiaghi, Rassegna di Glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galeazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica Francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Maria Luisa Maggioni, Rassegna di Linguistica Inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica Russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber e Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica Tedesca
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo F.Missaglia, Recensioni

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking hereand also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Архив 1/2012

In this issue:

E. Reggiani — C. Nifosi — R. Sarracco — F. Locatelli — M. Baggio e M.C. Gatti — B. Cambiaghi — E. Galazzi e C. Molinari — M. Ulrych e M.L. Maggioni — A. Bonola — G. Gobber e F. Missaglia


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrico Reggiani, “A quiet renewal”. Tendenze religiose nella letteratura irlandese contemporanea
e interpretation of Irish literary experience (however de ned) should not forget that, as Robert Welch has observed, “the religious instinct is a permanent feature of Irish writing”. is essay offers both some introductory methodological remarks about the relationships between literature (in English) and religion, and the analysis of a reasoned selection of eects produced by Welch’s “religious instinct” on the ‘writing practice’ of a series of emblematic texts of Irish origin: e.g., a speech by Mary McAleese (a former President of the Republic of Ireland) and some relevant passages from works written by Irish writers in the last decades (Michael Longley, Frank McCourt, Roddy Doyle, Sebastian Barry, Joseph O’Connor, Seamus Heaney et al.).
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Chiara Nifosi, Proust e Ruskin: il complesso ipotesto della coscienza
is article investigates new aspects of the hypertextual connections existing between John Ruskin’s literary production and Marcel Proust’s masterpiece À la Recherche du Temps Perdu. e study focuses on Ruskin’s role in the development of Proust’s style according to the textual evidence le by the French author in his translations of e Bible of Amiens and Sesame and Lilies: in his prefaces and footnotes the translator foreshadows crucial points of his future work, acting as if the main text were the cue to test his own style and artistic convictions. Proust’s ‘digestion’ of Ruskin’s works is a long process carried out in two steps: rst of all, he acts as a critic providing quotations of other relevant texts and comments on the author’s linguistic choices, use of rhetoric and ideology; thereaer, in his major novel written in the following years, Proust’s re ections inspired by Ruskin come to the surface as the foundations of the literary cathedral represented by À la Recherche du Temps Perdu. is can be witnessed on four levels, which are all fundamental to Proust’s novel: structure, plot, rhetorical pattern and metatextual analysis. In this context, Ruskin served as a model and his concrete presence in Proust’s novel cannot be ignored; nevertheless, our purpose is to emphasize the importance of his texts as a means through which Proust’s artistic consciousness could shape itself in the constant stylistic comparison allowed by the translation. According to this perspective, Ruskin is more a pretext than a master to him. The conclusions of our study stress the peculiarity of Proust’s hypertextual experience as a translator, a critic and an artist looking for a thoroughly original and eective style.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloRoberto Sarracco, Metafonologia de I demòni di F.M. Dostoevskij: analisi e problemi di traduzione
is essay presents a metaphonological analysis of a dialog between Peter Verchovensky and Stavrogin from the novel Demons by F.M. Dostoevsky, according to the de nition of ‘metaphonology’ given by Sergio Cigada in 1989. Metaphonological forms of each character are hereby isolated and classi ed according to the sovrasegmental tracts of rhythm and volume. is way some nuances of  ctional communication in Dostoevsky’s novel are reconstructed, which are read in the light of his theatrality and of the coexistence, declared by the author himself, of tragic and comic aspects. In the end the author proposes some solutions for the Italian translation of the metaphonological text.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFederica Locatelli, L’inépuisable fonds de l’universelle analogie: Baudelaire et la comparaison
If, for Charles Baudelaire, to compare means to “draw from the inexhaustible well of universal analogy” thus to reveal the connections which constitute the aims of a man or an artist’s life, we can begin to understand the prominence of the comparative gure in his poetics. Distinct from the metaphor, to which it had been connected throughout the centuries, this gure, through the use of ‘comme’ [simile] – which, according to Meschonnic’s de nition, is the source of new relationships – is characterized by con gurations and speci c potentialities. All of these elements allow for the distortion of – and recreation of – reality, thanks to the formation of new relations between them. Subjected to the ‘scienti c’ analysis of language established by the symbolist writer, comparison is invested with a poetic power that engenders new meanings. e most original of these will be analyzed as they appear in Les Fleurs du Mal.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica Generale, a cura di M. Baggio e M.C. Gatti
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Glottodidattica, a cura di B. Cambiaghi
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica Francese, a cura di E. Galazzi e C. Molinari
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica Inglese, a cura di M. Ulrych e M.L. Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica Russa, a cura di A. Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica Tedesca, a cura di G. Gobber e F. Missaglia

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here.

Архив 2/2011

In this issue:

E. Banfi — M. Morani — C. Heiss & M. Soffritti — T. Roelcke — P. F. Fumagalli — C. Plantin — J. G. Tamine — I. M. Kobozeva — R. Reppen — M. Baggio & M. C. Gatti, B. Cambiaghi, D. Vago, E. Galazzi & C. Molinari, M. Ulrych & M. L. Maggioni, A. Bonola, G. Gobber & F. Missaglia


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Emanuele Banfi, ‘Imperfezione’ vs ‘perfezione’ dei sistemi linguistici
From a purely structural point of view, any language (be it a prestigious cultural language or a dialect anywhere in the world) is perfect. In theory, each linguistic system has its own phonological, morphological, lexical and syntactic systems, which are perfectly functional. The notion of ‘imperfection’ or, better, of ‘inadequacy’, can be attributed to a linguistic system when we analyze its ‘potentialities’ from a sociocultural point of view. The more a linguistic system may be defined as ‘perfect’, the more the sociocultural areas in which it can be used. In this regard, the notion of ‘architecture’ in linguistic systems proves very useful: it is a powerful theoretical device that allows us to seize, thanks to linguistic parameters, the segments ‘composing’ the system and determining their position in an ideal linguistic space.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Moreno Morani, Per uno studio in prospettiva diacronica della lingua del calcio
The paper focuses on some questions related to the Italian football terminology according to the investigation methods of historical linguistics. Starting from my contribution of 1991, I try to examine some changes in the language of football in the last twenty years. The following points are discussed: 1. Football terminology in Wikipedia. 2. Ephemeral words in the language of football. 3. Italian and other languages: some comparisons. 4. Palo e traversa (vertical goal and crossbar). 5. Foreign words in Italian (and Italian loanwords in foreign languages). 6. Neologisms in the language of football . 7. Goals and derivatives. 8. To dribble and derivatives. 9. The type ‘finalissima’. 10. The type ‘facitore’ and other derivative words (nomina agentis) in -tor. 11. Conclusions.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloChristine Heiss, Marcello Soffritti, «Das ist namlich so / So lauft das namlich». Der Gebrauch von namlich und seinen italienischen Entsprechungen in Filmdialogen. Eine kontrastive Untersuchung mit der Datenbank FORLIXT
We analyze in this contribution the usage of German nämlich in oral dialogical communication and its possible translations into Italian. Our study – based on the FORLIXT multimedia database – adds new findings to the results of previous research which was carried out mainly on written texts or self produced examples. We document a very flexible and differentiated usage of ‘nämlich’, which discloses new features and special communication strategies in dialogic interaction beyond classifications proposed so far. Richness and flexibility also show in the dubbing of film dialogues from Italian to German, in connection with specific requirements of multimedia translation.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloThorsten Roelcke, Das Italienische in der deutschen Sprachreflexion des Barock und der Aufklarung
This article outlines German thought on the Italian language during the 17th and 18th century. It is shown that during the Baroque and Enlightenment periods the Italian language is controversial, is referred to metaphorically and is frequently the object of value judgements in public discussion. A lexicographical project regarding language thought in German-speaking countries is presented. Leaning on an innovative and lean lexicographical structure, the purpose of the project is to provide a text-immanent interpretation and documentation of thought regarding languages and dialects during this period.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Pier Francesco Fumagalli, Lingue, culture, religioni: Cina e India in dialogo
New opportunities of global cultural exchanges stimulate reflection on religions and cultures, both in European and in Asian context, and urge to include references to ancient traditions and to contemporary anthropological theories. Not only Jewish, Christian and Muslim traditions, but also metaphysical and mystical thoughts from Greece and India, should develop deeper dialogue with Chinese values of Confucian and Taoist origin. Other contributions to the same effort for shared responsibility in facing the challenges of today’s society, could come from many streams of scientific and humanistic studies, from Buddhist traditions and from historical research.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Christian Plantin, Ethos, persona e autorità
What is ethos and which role does it play in argumentation? Beyond the relevant connections between ethos and logos (ethos consists mainly of a discursive process constructing the person) and between ethos and pathos (ethos necessarily moves), the present contribution makes its start from the polysemic uses of the word ‘ethos’, which seems to have taken the place of the word ‘character’ in the lexicon of argumentation. We analyse ‘the person’ from three points of view: first of all, as a ‘source’ of discourse, ethos may play the role of a piece of evidence, persuasive as far as the person appears to be expert and honest. So we study the distinction between technical ethos (a result of discourse) and extra-technical ethos (charisma). In the second place, the person is the ‘subject’ of discourse implying specific (topical) lines in discursive construction. Finally the person is the ‘addressee’ of discourse: auditory character determines premises and arguments. Critical models refuse authority as poisoning the well: we take up the challenge of thinking of argumentation as an activity ‘in context’ in order to determine the conditions of an acceptable use of authority. In order to do so, we shall speak against an invasive rhetoric ethos, i.e. against authoritarianism. Context makes us aware of specific social conditions, such as legal norms, which bind by the force of conventional institutions.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Joelle Gardes Tamine, Rhetorique et poesie
Aristotle made a distinction between poetry and rhetoric because the former concerns what is possible and the latter facts. One can, however, note points of contact between the two disciplines. Poetry can indeed argue and, in epideictic speech, is aligned with rhetoric on the need to promote the values of beauty. Besides, Aristotle recognized that “thought” and “ways of expression” equally characterized both. This provides above all a global, highly flexible vision of language, solving the conflicts, as one can see especially in rhetorical figures. Not only does the ethos-logos-pathos trio enable one to define rhetoric conceived as “problematological” in M. Meyer’s words, but it also applies to all linguistic functions, so that one can see poetry as a branch of rhetoric or both as the two poles of the same linguistic activity.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloIrina Michajlovna Kobozeva, Conjunctions as markers of rhetoric relations in discourse: the case of Russian ‘и’ — Союзы как маркеры риторических отношений в дискурсе: русский союз ‘и’
The paper is a case study in semantics of conjunctions treated as markers of semantic relations between discourse units. The variety of uses, that grammarians called «specific senses» of the main Russian coordinate conjunction и (“and”), is explored from this perspective. The rhetorical relations (RR s) from the Rhetorical Structure Theory of Mann and Thompson are used as a meta-language for the description of conjunctions’ meaning. The wide spectrum of RRS compatible with the use of и is described and it is demonstrated that in general a «specific sense» of the conjunction in a given compound sentence can be correctly interpreted only in the context of a larger discourse unit.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloRandi Reppen, The internet as a resource for English language instruction
This paper explores using online resources for language instruction. Resources for teachers and students are described along with some guidelines for using these resources. Online resources that address specific skills are addressed along with tools that are available for creating activities. The paper concludes with a brief exploration of using online corpus resources.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Notes, Debates and Reviews, a cura di Mario Baggio e Maria Cristina Gatti, Bona Cambiaghi, Davide Vago, Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Margherita Ulrych e Maria Luisa Maggioni, Anna Bonola, Giovanni Gobber e Federica Missaglia

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