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Архив 1/2019

 In this Issue:

Antonella Luporini | Davide Astori | Luisa Villa  | Alain Rabatel  | Joseph Davis | Pier Francesco Fumagalli | Annalisa Federici


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Antonella Luporini (Università degli Studi di Bologna) | Corpus-assisted Systemic Socio-Semantic Stylistics: Exploring ‘white’ and ‘red’ in Jean Rhys’ Wide Sargasso Sea
This contribution presents a corpus-assisted analysis of Wide Sargasso Sea, a postcolonial prequel to Jane Eyre. The study is part of a research project on the role of corpus linguistics in Hasan’s Systemic Socio-Semantic Stylistics (Hasan 1989). Combining quantitative findings and qualitative considerations, I focus on the Appraisal patterns (Martin – White 2005) involving white and red in Rhys’ text and examine their role in ‘symbolically articulating’ part of its deepest meaning (‘theme’).
Keywords: Corpus stylistics; Systemic Socio-Semantic Stylistics; Wide Sargasso Sea, Appraisal; white/red, other-ness.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Davide Astori (Università degli Studi di Parma) | Viaggi eterodossi fra esilio e fuga (alla ricerca di una patria inesistente) La provocazione esperantista di Teodoro Ŝvarc
Tivadar Soros, father of the more famous George, was the author of two autobiographical novels stemming from the dramatic experience of the war. Starting from the presentation of the two texts, this contribution illustrates and investigates his research – induced by the forced exile from his native land – for a new “virtual” homeland of universal peace and tolerance, inextricably linked to the Esperanto ideal of a common language for the whole mankind and to the reasons that led him to use it as a literary tool.
Keywords: Tivadar Soros, exile, war, name, esperanto.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Luisa Villa (Università degli Studi di Genova) | Mrs Felix Lorraine and Lady Caroline Lamb: Byronic Lore in Vivian Grey, Part I
Like many of his contemporaries, the young Disraeli was a Byromaniac, and his relationship with John Murray provided him with private information regarding the charismatic poet and those who had been acquainted with him. This essay focuses on the largely unexplored connection between the fictional Mrs Felix Lorraine and Lady Caroline Lamb in Vivian Grey, Part I. While highlighting a number of ‘Carolinish’ attributes and echoes, it tries to account for the relevance of Mrs Felix in the novel.
Keywords: Benjamin Disraeli, Lady Caroline Lamb, Vivian Grey; Byromania, roman à clef
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alain Rabatel, CNRS (Université Lumière Lyon 2, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon) | Prophétie, fonction prophétique et témoignage prophétique
The present paper examines the hypothetical notion of prophetic function –spiritual or temporal–, due to its notifying and warning functions anchored in a truth; this truth presents as certain, in spite of its unprecedented nature or of its obscure form, the imminent (or already underway) occurrence of an event that makes sense, not only because it is extraordinary, but especially because it raises the issue of a future action conducting to individual and collective survival. At first glance, the prophecy is different from the testimony from the point of view of its certifying procedures, of the imminent or historical nature of the truth. However, there is no interest in exacerbating these differences from the perspective of speech acts and of the compulsory nature that is imposed to the prophet as well as to the witness and the community to whom they speak. The similarities between them are even more obvious when the reported events are unprecedented like concentration phenomenon. The paper explains at last the difficulty of making prophetic testimonies heard by contrasting two different attempts of overcoming the contradiction. If Primo Levi is compelled to poetically encode certain testimonies, Geneviève de Gaulle Anthonioz shares hers through an empathic approach which recreates the development the her comprehension of the concentration phenomenon, in the hope that this imaginary re-experienciation will allow the audience to answer the witnesses’ call.
Keywords : Prophecy, prophetic function, prophetic witness, diviner, witness
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloJoseph Davis (The City College of New York) | Lui and egli in Il Gattopardo
A semiotic, discourse-based linguistic hypothesis that bypasses the syntactic category subject and proposes instead contrasting meanings for the pronouns lui and egli provides empirical support for the critical interpretation of the novel Il Gattopardo as being anti-teleological. The hypothesis, which applies to large body of twentieth-century Italian literature, is that egli but not lui bears a linguistic meaning that ties its relevance to a verb. This linguistic hypothesis reveals a significant difference in Tomasi di Lampedusa’s portrayals of the novel’s two characters Don Fabrizio and Don Calogero: one as a character defined by who he is, the other as a character defined by what he does.
Keywords: linguistics, Gattopardo, Lampedusa, pronoun, egli, lui
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloPier Francesco Fumagalli (Veneranda Biblioteca Ambrosiana)| The Arabic manuscripts in the Ambrosiana Library: A treasure for the arts, philosophy, sciences and dialogue between civilizations
The article describes the revival of humanism in Milan during the Renaissance and at the Ambrosiana Library since the beginning of the XVII century, focusing on the new fundamental perspective and programme for the Oriental Studies and in particular on the collection of Arabic and Persian manuscripts of the Ambrosiana Library.
Keywords: Ambrosiana, Oriental studies, Arabic manuscripts, Persian manuscripts, Intercultural dialogue
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Annalisa Federici (Università degli Studi della Tuscia) | “I must not settle into a figure”: French Portraits of Virginia Woolf in the Shadow of Proust and Joyce
This essay analyses two significant and often interrelated aspects of Virginia Woolf’s reception in France throughout the 1920s and 1930s: its being essentially mediated by the connections that Bloomsbury maintained with Paris, and the fact that it was overshadowed by the fame of Proust and Joyce, who occupied pride of place on the French intellectual scene. Such comparison significantly contributed to the delineation of Woolf’s public image abroad and seems to justify the author’s unease about the circulation of a stereotypical portrait of herself, which would hinder her personal investigation into the fictional form.
Keywords: Virginia Woolf, reception, France, Marcel Proust, James Joyce
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

 

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Архив 2/2018

 In questo numero:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Renato Rizzoli | Metafora e ideologia in Hamlet: il discorso mercantilista
The purpose of this essay is to analyse the economic imagery in Hamlet as it occurs in the play mainly in the form of similitudes, puns and metaphors. My point is that the economic images reproduce (and reaffirm) the central tenets of a mercantilist discourse along with its ambivalent notion of the market, which wavers between hegemonic, nationalistic attitudes and cosmopolitan and universal ones. This ambiguity plays an important role in underlining Hamlet’s ethical and epistemological deadlock in the role of revenger by tracing it, rather than to the eclipse of the late medieval order (according to Carl Scmitt’s famous thesis), to the contradictions of a modernity in progress to which the mercantilist discourse belongs.
Keywords: Mercantilism, money, goods exchange, Puritanism, Christian Humanism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Luca Brezzo | Esotismo, antischiavismo, colonialismo: Adventures in Borneo di Catherine Gore
Within Catherine Gore’s vast literary corpus there is an uncharacteristic novel titled Adventures in Borneo: A Tale of a Shipwreck (1849), in which the author experiments with exotic settings and adventures, a fictional subgenre in which she is not entirely comfortable. In the period of its publication, the British press was reporting and commenting on the controversial events involving Sir James Brooke, the White Rajah of Sarawak, and his anti-piracy campaign in the waters of the Malay Archipelago. In this article I try to investigate Gore’s take on such a delicate topic as British conduct in remote foreign lands, vis-à-vis alien cultures; I also refer to one of her unpublished letters, as well as to Brooke’s journal published in 1846 – most likely her primary source for the socio-cultural information on the Borneo population deployed in the novel. This article also seeks to contribute to the critical-literary debate over Catherine Gore providing a starting point for a more thorough study of her attitude towards British colonialism.
Keywords: Catherine Gore, James Brooke, Adventures in Borneo, exoticism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor | “La parola di un uomo onesto significa ciò che dice” Romano Guardini lettore di Rilke.
The reflection on human existence described by Rainer Maria Rilke in the arduous verses of the Duineser Elegien, one of the highest expressions of 20th century poetry, has been the object of a long, rigorous and illuminating meditation by Romano Guardini. To remember the great Italian-German Catholic intellectual, theologian and philosopher on the 50th anniversary of his death (1968-2018), this contribution anticipates some of the contents developed in the collection of Guardini’s writings on Rilke edited by the author, which will be published in 2019 by Morcelliana. Three are the main elements highlighted here: the academic and didactic reasons that led Guardini to reflect on Rilkes’ work; the essential outline of his hermeneutics; finally, the main reasons that caused Guardini to take a very critical stand towards Rilkes’ poetry, which represents a painful and dramatic reflection on the annihilation of the modern man.
Keywords: Romano Guardini, Rainer Maria Rilke, Elegie Duinesi
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marilena Genovese | La narrazione lecléziana e il pluralismo dei procedimenti espressivi
Since the inauguration of his career in 1963, with Le procès-verbal, 2008 Nobel Laureate, J.-M. Gustave Le Clézio has published over 40 works. His writing is characterized by an original style, in which the language aims to reproduce the complexity of reality. He writes about landscapes and traditions, nature (the richness of its fauna and flora), modern society – through various narrative strategies – collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech – that we will explore in this article.
Keywords: writing style, narrative strategies, collage techniques, lexical choices, figures of speech
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Yahis Martari | Come scrivono i politici italiani su Facebook Appunti per un’analisi linguistica comparativa
This article aims at proposing a linguistic analysis of 358 posts written on Facebook (FB) by six Italian politicians. More specifically, the corpus consists of six official political Italian pages, which can be divided into two samples (three pages per sample), corresponding to two different observation moments: 1. December 2012 – January 2013 (88 post); 2. May – August 2017 (270 post). While the focus of attention is on posts, comments have also been taken into account in this survey (10 for each post). The two samples here analyzed are fairly close in time, but, given the accelerated speed of web evolution, some (micro-)diachronic remarks can be made in order to show how the Italian politicians’ communication on FB has been changed from 2013 to 2017.
In sections 1 and 2 the issue concerning the language of politics on the web (with special reference to social networks) has been introduced and the corpus has been presented in detail; in sections 3 and 4, the language and the stylistic characteristics of the two samples have been analyzed; finally, in sections 5 and 6, some concluding remarks are given, especially focusing the most recent sample.
Keywords: political communication, linguistic analysis, Facebook, writing
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Valentina Noseda | La corpus revolution russa e il corpus parallelo italiano-russo: storia, criteri di compilazione e usi
This paper aims at presenting the Italian-Russian parallel corpus, expanded in 2015 and now available within the Russian National Corpus (Nacional’nyj Korpus Russkogo Jazyka). In particular, the paper describes the history, the design criteria, the phases of construction and the potential offered by this tool for language and literary studies in the field of Italian Slavistics.
Keywords: Corpus linguistics, parallel corpora, corpus design, contrastive linguistics, applied linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato | The Home of the Brave. Sezione monografica a cura di G. Segato Hard, Stoic, Isolate, and a Killer. Appunti sul carattere americano
Questa sezione riprende alcuni degli interventi presentati al seminario di studi The Home of the Brave, svoltosi presso la sede milanese dell’Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore il 22 novembre 2016, con il contributo dei Dipartimenti di Scienze linguistiche e Letterature Straniere e di Scienze Politiche, cui vanno i miei più sentiti ringraziamenti. L’obiettivo del seminario era celebrare i duecentoquarant’anni dalla Dichiarazione d’Indipendenza degli Stati Uniti d’America (1776). In questa prospettiva, ci sembrò opportuno pensare a un titolo che esprimesse una certa solennità e, allo stesso tempo, alludesse almeno a una ‘qualità strutturale’ del carattere americano. The Home of the Brave – il terzo verso dell’inno nazionale americano, fortunatamente mai cantato – ci pareva un’espressione che centrasse abbastanza bene l’obiettivo.
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloGiulio Segato | A Man of Honor. Note sulle origini dell’eroe del romanzo poliziesco americano
This paper aims to examine the origin of the hard-boiled hero. I suggest it is possible to find his first arrival in the frontier romance created by James Fenimore Cooper in 1823 with The Pioneer, in which Natty Bumppo makes his first appearance, the real archetype of the hard-boiled detective. Then there is a second important stage: Allan Pinkerton’s narratives drawn from his real experience as a private vigilante. Pinkerton’s detectives were strong men of honor with a clear moral view, so his fictional heroes had the same features. The last influence on the hard-boiled hero is to be found in the dime novels protagonists’ evolution. If at first they were only cowboys, scouts or outlaws, at the end of XIX century they became detectives and the setting of the stories changed: no longer the landscape of the US/Mexico border but the big cities.
Keywords: Hard-boiled hero, detective novel, dime novels, J.F. Cooper, Allan Pinkerton
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloAnna De Biasio| Eroismo e femminile, un binomio difficile: il caso di Margaret Fuller
Starting from some definitions of ‘female heroism’ that highlight it as a problematic concept, this essay focuses on Margaret Fuller’s interest in different meanings and interpretations of the heroic ideal. Her Italian experience enables Fuller to recognize Giuseppe Mazzini as a supreme embodiment of modern heroism, as well as to explore the potential (which had already been taken into consideration in her treatise Woman in the Nineteenth Century) and the limits of a female incarnation of heroism.
Keywords: Female heroism, bravery, righteous violence
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFranco Lonati | “Una silenziosa litania operaia”. L’America di Carl Sandburg
This paper aims to examine Carl Sandburg’s unusual trajectory from militant poet and socialist propagandist to standard-bearer for the American values of unity, freedom and progress. If in his first book, Chicago Poems, the author harshly criticized the American lifestyle and the capitalist system, over the years we witness a gradual transformation, which mitigates Sandburg’s controversial positions, until he became an embodiment of the founding ideals of the nation and a symbol of the American Dream.
Keywords: Sandburg, Lincoln, Chicago, America, Socialism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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Архив 1/2018

In this Issue:

Veronka Szőke | Alida Silletti | Monica Barsi | Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Bernard Haidacher | Giancarmine Bongo | Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti |Francesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci


Saggi

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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Veronka Szőke | The Norwegian Rune Poem in context: structure, style and imagery
The Norwegian Rune Poem has often been evaluated negatively because of an overall impression of a lack of coherence and cohesion. Analysis of the poem against the background of wisdom tradition has allowed a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in its composition. The article considers the poem in parallel with Sólarljóð and Málsháttakvæði – two poetic works deriving from the same cultural context – and aims to further analise the poem’s structure and illuminate aspects of its imagery.
Keywords: Norwegian Rune Poem, Sólarljóð, Málsháttakvæði, runic lore
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alida Silletti | ‘Aller + infinitif’ et ‘andare a + infinitif’ : effets de sens ‘illustratif’ et ‘risolutivo’
Cette contribution aborde les parcours de grammaticalisation et les effets de sens d’‘aller + infinitif’ et de ‘andare a + infinitif’ en français et en italien contemporains. A partir d’un corpus parallèle de presse, nous montrerons que les effets de sens « illustratif » de la périphrase française et « risolutivo » de la périphrase italienne ne relèvent pas d’une correspondance entre les deux périphrases mais plutôt d’un simple contact entre leurs effets de sens.
The present research deals with the grammaticalization paths and with the semantic values of ‘aller + infinitive’ and of ‘andare a + infinitive’ in contemporary French and Italian. On the basis of a parallel press corpus, our investigation will show that the « illustrative » use of the French structure and the « risolutivo » use of the Italian do not depend on a correspondence between the two periphrases but on a simple case of contact between their semantic values.
Keywords : aller + infinitive; andare a + Infinitive, grammaticalization ; illustrative and risolutivo semantic values, contrastive analysis
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Monica Barsi | Sugli adattamenti italiani del Mauger bleu (1968) e del Mauger rouge (1977) 
The contribution studies the adaptations of the textbooks for the French teaching of Mauger bleu and Mauger rouge in Italian editions at Petrini. The two Maugers are significant in the history of glottodydactics because they attest, from the 1960s to the 1970s, the transition from a grammar of the parts of speech to a grammar of structures. In Italy, we will see the same movement that is here evoked to contextualize the Mauger in the Italian publishing market.
Keywords: Glottodidactics, second language teaching, French teaching, teaching methods
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada e Caterina Garaffoni | Teatro sentimentale e propaganda Les Victimes cloîtrées di Jacques-Marie Boutet 
L’articolo studia, attraverso l’analisi linguistica del testo, la componente emotiva della pièce teatrale Les Victimes cloîtrées del drammaturgo francese Boutet detto Monvel. L’analisi viene condotta a livello lessicale, discorsivo e retorico, combinando il metodo messo a punto da Christian Plantin con il modello dell’umanista Rodolfo Agricola. Essa consente di far emergere in che modo il carattere sentimentale dell’opera sia strumentalizzato ai fini politici della propaganda, nel contesto della Rivoluzione francese.
We outline the emotive elements in the dramatic work of Boutet (Monvel), Les Victimes cloîtrées. Linguistic and discourse analysis are based both on Christian Plantin’s methodology and on Rodolphus Agricola’s XVth century model. It appears that the sentimental component of the pièce is consistent with the ideological goal of supporting Jacobin politics and discrediting the Church, in the context of the French Revolution.
Keywords: emotive argumentation, manipulation, emotions in discourse analysis, discourse analysis and argumentation, French Revolution
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Bernard Haidacher | Zur Geschichte, Verbreitung und (Nicht-)Rezeption des Begriffes ‘Konfix’ 
André Martinet (1979) ist der Schöpfer des Terminus ‘Konfix’. In der französischen Sprachwissenschaft war die Verbreitung der Kategorie jedoch schwierig und sie wird dort kaum angewendet. Im Französischen sind diese gebundenen Morpheme meist in die neoklassische Komposition eingebettet. In der aktuellen französischen Forschung wird das Phänomen in das abstrakte Schema der Konstruktions-Morphologie integriert, die jedoch keine Sonderkategorien kennt. In der Germanistik hingegen, sind Konfixe zwischenzeitlich als eigene Kategorie, wenn auch unterschiedlich diskutiert, fixer Bestandteil der Grammatik.
André Martinet (1979) is the originator of the term ‘confix’. However, in Romance linguistics the concept has not enjoyed much popularity. In French, we find a multitude of terms for these bound morphemes, which are typically integrated in the framework of composition. Nowadays, French linguists use the abstract schema of construction morphology, in which there are no specific categories. The German-speaking literature, by contrast, has paid a great deal of attention to the phenomenon.
Keywords: confix(es), research tradition, morphology, word-formation, neoclassical compounding
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giancarmine Bongo | Allgemeine Diskursreferenz in deutschen und italienischen Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln 
Der Beitrag untersucht ein Korpus von 40 Einleitungen zu wissenschaftlichen Zeitschriftenartikeln (jeweils 20 auf deutscher und auf italienischer Sprache) im Hinblick auf die Relation, die jeder wissenschaftliche Text zum eigenen Forschungshintergrund herzustellen hat. Im Rahmen einer solchen Bezugnahme hebt sich ein spezifisches Phänomen ab, das in Anlehnung an den von Foucault entwickelten Diskursbegriff als ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz‘ bezeichnet werden könnte. Es handelt sich um die Relation zur Menge des ‚Bereits-Gesagten‘, zur Menge aller effektiven Aussagen, ohne Bezug auf einzelne Werke, Beiträge bzw. Autoren: es handelt sich mit anderen Worten um die Möglichkeit, eine nicht intertextuelle Relation zu einem Universum von Texten herzustellen. Wie und inwiefern kommt eine derartige ‚allgemeine Diskursreferenz in den analysierten Einleitungen zustande? Gibt es kulturbezogene Unterschiede zwischen den deutschen und den italienischen Texten?
This study examines a corpus of 40 Introductions to articles published in scientific specialized journals (20 in German language, 20 in Italian language), with regard to the relation, that each scientific text has to establish with its research background. Within this relation a peculiar dimension emerges, which on the basis of the concept of discourse by Foucault could be defined as ‚General Discourse Reference‘. It is the relation with the research background as the field of the ‘already-said’, of all effective statements, without reference to specific works or authors: it is thus the possibility to establish a not intertextual relation with a universe of texts. How and in what extent is such a ‚General Discourse Reference‘ realized in the analyzed Introductions? Are there cultural differences between German and Italian articles?
Keywords: discourse reference, introductions, scientific articles, German, Italian
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elena Ballarin e Paolo Nitti | I risultati di un’indagine sull’insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori nell’ambito dell’italiano L2/LS
Il saggio presenta i risultati di una ricerca sui metodi di insegnamento e sulla rappresentazione dei colori in italiano come lingua seconda (L2). L’indagine è stata sottoposta agli insegnanti e l’analisi mostra che pochi insegnanti hanno la consapevolezza della complessità del lessico e dei meccanismi connessi con i testi. La rappresentazione del colore in diverse lingue è contemplata da un numero molto breve di informanti, dando l’idea che la trasmissione del vocabolario nell’insegnamento della L2 sia un mero fatto di traduzione fra le due lingue. Alla luce di questi dati, gli insegnanti dovrebbero essere coinvolti nelle pratiche di apprendimento per comprendere il ruolo del vocabolario e del lessico in una lingua e dei metodi per insegnarli nelle classi di L2.
The essay presents the results of a survey on the teaching methods and the representation of colors in Italian as Second Language (ISL). The survey was administered to the teachers and the analysis shows that few teachers have the awareness of the lexicon complexity and the mechanisms connected to the texts. The representation of colors in different languages is contemplated by a very short number of informants, giving the idea that the transmission of the vocabulary in ISL education is a mere fact of translation between the two languages. In the light of these data, teachers should be involved in learning practices in order to understand the role of the vocabulary and the lexicon in a language and the methods for teaching it in ISL classes.
Keywords: colors, vocabulary, L2-LS, ethnolinguistics, psycholinguistics, acquisitional linguistics
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFrancesca Saltamacchia e Andrea Rocci | Metapragmatica della cortesia nell’Italia del primo Ottocento. La polemica sulla cortesia tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini: utilitarismo o principio di carità
This article shows an example of explicit argumentation about politeness: the dispute between Melchiorre Gioja and Antonio Rosmini about the chapter Apologia della moda written by Melchiorre Gioja in the Nuovo Galateo (1820). In particular, we examine Rosmini’s Galateo de’letterati (1828) and we focus on arguments that justify Rosmini’s metapragmatics comments and fallacies.
L’articolo presenta un episodio di argomentazione esplicita sulla cortesia: la disputa sorta tra Melchiorre Gioja e Antonio Rosmini circa il capitolo Apologia della moda contenuto nel Nuovo Galateo (1820) di Melchiorre Gioja. Si prendono in esame, in particolare, le giustificazioni argomentative dei commenti metapragmatici, e le fallacie attribuite da Rosmini a Gioja nel Galateo de’letterati (1828).
Keywords: Politeness, argumentation, nineteenth-century, Italy, controversy, fallacy
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Michela Murano
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Maria Luisa Maggioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

È possibile scaricare i files della rivista integrale in PDF cliccando qui,  in ePub cliccando qui,  in mobi (formato Kindle) cliccando qui.

Архив 2/2017 дополнение

In questo numero:

Jennifer Valcke, Amanda C. Murphy, Francesca Costa | Joanne Pagèze, David Lasagabaster | Elizabeth Long  | Susanna Broggini| Robert Wilkinson, René Gabriëls | Cristina Mariotti | Francesca Helm, Fiona Dalziel


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Jennifer Valcke, Amanda C. Murphy, Francesca Costa | Introduction EMI – A Tool for the Internationalisation of Higher Education
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Round table moderated by Prof. Simonetta Polenghi, Professor of History of Education, Head of the Department of Education | What are we Changing when we Teach in English? Views from the Schools of Economics, Mathematics and Physics, Engineering and Linguistics
The Round Table was set up to provide a variety of answers to the same question: What are we changing when we teach in English? Representatives from four different disciplinary areas took part, three from Milan – Management, Engineering and Linguistics – and two – Maths and Physics – from Brescia. The issues that were brought up overlap to some extent, but each disciplinary area pointed out something original, indicating areas for future research. The speakers’ contributions have been edited slightly, but some elements of spoken discourse have been preserved for the sake of authenticity.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Costa | The Introduction of English as an Academic Language in a Faculty of Physics and Mathematics in Italy
The use of English as a medium of instruction at university level has increased dramatically in the last 15 years all over Europe. English-taught programmes are often imposed top-down, and this article presents one of the very few cases in which the process and decision-making have been documented, in terms of a pre-feasibility study conducted through a student questionnaire and interview with the Dean. The research is set within the Italian context of a Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. Results reveal that in general students have a positive attitude towards this implementation, but many adjustments still need to be carried out.
Keywords: EMI, English as an academic language, Mathematics and physics
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Joanne Pagèze, David Lasagabaster| Teacher Development for Teaching and Learning in English in a French
Higher Education Context
Discussion of the impact of institutional initiatives on the development of EMI in the French context has been minimal due to the particular way in which EMI has emerged in France. The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of a teacher development initiative set up in 2014 at the University of Bordeaux in order to help disciplinary teachers make the transition to teaching their discipline in English. The objective here is to explore how local context is impacting this shift in teaching and learning practices through EMI.
Keywords: teacher development / EMI / France / Internationalisation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elizabeth Long | Have we got the Lecturing Lingo? 311Have we got the Lecturing Lingo?
This article maps the evolution of lecturer training courses at the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia since 2011 to the present to meet the growth of English taught degree programmes being offered. It illustrates a three-pronged approach developed to deliver methodological and language instruction to Italian lecturers through three distinct “Lecturing in English” modules, outlining the rationale behind each element. It also considers the new role of the teacher trainer in training university teachers.
Keywords: English Medium Instruction, teacher education, ongoing professional development, English-taught programmes, UNIMORE.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Susanna Broggini, Amanda C. Murphy | Metadiscourse in EMI lectures: Reflections on a Small Corpus of Spoken Academic Discourse
This paper describes a qualitative study on the use of metadiscourse in EMI university courses. It adopts Noble’s simplified and restricted classification model of metadiscourse markers, adapted from Ädel, focuses on reflexive language and is applied to academic spoken discourse.
Keywords: Metadiscourse, discourse analysis, academic spoken discourse, corpus-based study, qualitative research
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Robert Wilkinson, René Gabriëls | Adapting to EMI in Higher Education: Students’ Perceived Learning Strategies 341Adapting to EMI in Higher Education: Students’ Perceived Learning Strategies
To a varying extent, many universities are changing their language of instruction to English in order to position themselves in the global market of higher education. This change attracts mobile students who wish to undertake studies abroad, but they may have to adjust the way they study. The central question in the study we report here is how students perceive an effect of English-medium instruction on their learning strategies. In an exploratory study, students were interviewed about their learning strategies as a consequence of EMI, about possible inequalities in EMI and how they perceive them. The findings suggest that modification of learning strategies depends on personal agency and the learning context. The interviews reveal three types of linguistic asymmetry at the individual level under EMI. The qualitative data confirm findings of previous studies and suggest new perspectives for quantitative research on learning strategies in EMI and linguistic inequalities.
Keywords: English-medium instruction (EMI), learning strategies, language inequalities, linguistic asymmetry
DOWNLOAD dell'articoloFrancesca Costa, Cristina Mariotti | Students’ Outcomes in English-Medium Instruction: Is there any Difference Related to Discipline?
This paper focuses on the acquisition of content in Economics and Science EMI classes taught by the same lecturers. The control group consists of L1-taught classes (Italian), whereas the experimental group consists of L2-taught classes (English). Students’ marks in two comparable written exams are analysed. Data are complemented with interviews with the lecturers. The results show that in some instances the two groups differ significantly as regards the acquisition of content.
Keywords: ICLHE, content acquisition, content presentation, English-medium instruction, Italian-medium instruction
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Helm, Fiona Dalziel | Beyond the Classroom: the Impact of EMI on a University’s Linguistic Landscape
In this paper we explore the linguistic landscape of an Italian state university. A “Linguistic Landscape” refers to the language visible in public spaces, and to a transdisciplinary approach adopted in language policy studies, often in “arenas of contestation”. The EMI context can be considered such an arena; linguistic landscaping offers an exciting new methodological approach, enabling observation of the changing face of universities in their quest for ever-increasing internationalisation.
Keywords: English-Medium Instruction (EMI), Linguistic Landscape (LL), language policy, internationalisation

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Архив 2/2017

In this issue:

Nataliya Stoyanova | Miriam Ravetto | Ettore Marchetti | Afsaneh Pourmazaheri | Giulio Segato | Gloria Colombo | Renata Zanin | Claudio Macagno | Giuseppe Ghini | Мауриция Калузио | Галина Жиличева


Saggi

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Nataliya Stoyanoya | Struttura del discorso negli apprendenti italofoni di russo: analisi testuale comparata russo-italiano
This article presents the results of a discourse analysis of Russian-learning texts by italophones. The discourse structure was examined from the point of view of the preferences for discourse relations on various acquisitional stages and from the point of view of hierarchization. Furthermore the grade of repartition of situations and the grade of the discourse structures complexity were analysed, allowing us thus to characterize the textuality of the considered acquisitional varieties compared to the native Russian and Italian.

Keywords: discourse analysis, Russian language, compared textuality, acquisitional varieties, linguospecific patterns

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Miriam Ravetto | «Come si dice?» / «Wie heisst das?» — Strategie di ricerca lessicale in visite guidate con italiano e tedesco L2
The paper investigates word search sequences in a corpus of guided tours, in which tourist guides speak Italian and German as foreign languages. Italian and German are, on the contrary, the native languages of the group of tourists. Using the approach of Conversation Analysis, the study describes and classifies the word search dynamics and strategies, through which tourist guides try to find the problematic word.

Keywords: word search, Conversation Analysis, touristic communication, interactional linguistics.

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Ettore Marchetti | “Boia imperialisti, spie di regime e corrotti buffoni”. La lingua dei comunicati delle brigate rosse durante il Sequestro Moro

On March 16th 1978, Italy goes through one of the worst pages in its history, when the Brigate Rosse (Red Brigades), the armed party, kidnap the politician Aldo Moro and brutally kill five bodyguards; the BR thus begin their swan song. During the fifty-five days of imprisonment of the president of the DC (Christian Democratic Party), the terrorists elaborate and issue nine statements in which they illustrate the motivations and strategies of both the kidnapping and the armed struggle. It is definitely one of the events that has most impressed the public opinion since the second postwar, and that a large bibliography keeps examining. However, one aspect has always remained less explored than others: the linguistic one. Through a syntactic, morphological, and lexical analysis this article gives an account of the salient features of the statements, including the rhetorical devices and the communication strategies used by the authors. The linguistic observation highlights the complexity of the nine texts, and the opportunity to consider them as a coherent corpus of writings that share common traits which, although they do not constitute a technical language, still define a peculiar way to communicate of a specific terrorist group. The present work is inspired by a general enthusiasm of the recent Italian studies for the Seventies and for the so called ‘Years of Lead’, and is meant to suggest a particular attention to the role of language in the study of terrorism and of political violence of that period.

Keywords: Red Brigades, statements, semantic fields, expressivity, lexical and syntactic complexity

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Afsaneh Pourmazaheri | La sémantique du stereotype et la representation topique de l’altérité 
This research explores the discursive representation of exotic referents filtered by a stereotyped look in the narrative of three French travelers to the Persia in the first half of the 19th century. The traveler-enunciators, placed in an asymmetrical linguistic and cultural context, attempt to capture and transcribe their observations on foreign terrain according to their intellect, cognition and experience. A series of elements marked by alterity modify the representation that the author-traveler gives of the referent and the referential universe to which he is confronted. It is in this “reductive” way of seeing referents from a different universe and the intervention of the subjectivity of the author that we are interested in this study. We analyze the discursive effects produced by the use of linguistic resources and the enunciative positioning of author-travelers. This homogenizing and generalizing approach to the perception of the Other is made through pre-constructed molds and a subjective approach in the receptive culture that we will try to see with the help of the linguistic and discursive analysis tools in the travel stories of Goupil Fesquet (1844), Rémy Aucher-Eloy (1843) and that of JM Tancoigne (1819) in the East, especially in Persia.

Keywords: stereotypy, alterity, travel literature, ethnotype, representation

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato | “Before Man Was, War Waited for Him”. Blood Meridian e la Guerra del Vietnam
With the exception of No Country for Old Men, the Vietnam War has never appeared openly in Cormac McCarthy’s novels, but it has nevertheless left a deep trace on his early work (Child of God, Suttree, and Blood Meridian). Blood Meridian in particular shows, despite his western setting, an imaginary influenced by the military-political experience of Vietnam. A few scenes in the book in fact read more like a war novel rather than a western, and the connection is even deeper than that. The Vietnam novels typically have some concerns – such as the chaotic descriptions of the battle, the explosion of meaningless violence often perpetrated by friendly fire, and the guerrilla warfare – which are to be found at their best in Blood Meridian. My essay discusses these issues through a comparison with a western movie often associated with the Vietnam War: Sam Peckinpah’s The Wild Bunch.

Keywords: Cormac McCarthy, Blood Meridian, Vietnam War, The Wild Bunch, Western, war novel

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Gloria Colombo | Wie wenn sich eine einzige hohe aber starke stimme bilde: lingua e stile nel romanzo das scHLOSS di Franz Kafka
While writing Das Schloß (1922), Kafka not only tried to eliminate the most typical elements of Southern German, Viennese German, Czech and Yiddish in order to draw near to the elegance of Classicism, but also shaped the narrative style on the basis of Biblical Hebrew. The accent placed by the latter on parataxis and repetition led him to create a sort of acoustic hallucination, which – as well as the influence of Biblical Hebrew on the novel – has so far been ignored by Kafka scholars.

Keywords: Franz Kafka, The Castle, Prager Deutsch, Hebrew Bible, acoustic hallucination

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Renata Zanin | Elfriede Gerstl, eine Stimme fur italienische Leser 
Elfriede Gerstl can be truly considered a ‘minor’ Austrian poet who spent a lifelong search for her own literary voice at the margins of the turmoil of the literary avant-garde in postwar Vienna. Existential insecurity, irony and a superb command of the German language come together with a highly emotional way of speaking. Elfriede Gerstl’s poems and the recordings of her poems can be successfully used in teaching pronunciation and intonation to Italian learners of German.

Keywords: pattern and culture, prosody, idiomatic and prosodic coinage, poetry in language classes

DOWNLOAD dell'articoloClaudio Macagno | Tra comicità e umorismo: Dar’ja Doncova, “regina del giallo ironico”
In Darya Dontsova’s detective novels the categories of terrible and tragic do not play a significant role but, on the contrary, are deliberately attenuated through the deployment of a number of different strategies that make it impossible to read these novels “без улыбки на лице” [without a smile on one’s face].
Starting from the fundamental works of Bergson (Le rire), Freud (Der Humor) and Pirandello (L’umorismo) and from a series of theoretical concepts accounting for the workings of humour, this paper analyses the various devices employed by Dontsova, the undisputed “queen of the ironic detective story”, to create comic effects.

Keywords: Darya Dontsova, detective story, humour, irony, Humor Studies.

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giuseppe Ghini | “L’eterna influenza francese” Classici russi per il tramite del francese all’alba del Terzo millennio
he article deals with a bad practice introduced anew in Italian publishing: translations from Russian through intermediate French versions. Three Italian translations – The trial of Brodsky, a Chekhov’s and a Grossman’s short story – are shown to be dependent from French versions, then causes and consequences of their lexical and stylistic detachment from the original text are analyzed, a detachment inescapable in second-hand translations, on principle alien to a philological approach.

Keywords: Second hand translations, The trial of Joseph Brodsky, The story of an unknown man, In the main line of attack

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Мауриция Калузио | Василий Гроссман.  и первый опыт художественного исследования Гулага  (О повести Все течет…)
Определить, к какому жанру принадлежит последняя работа Василия Гроссмана Все течет… (1955-1963), нелегко. В последние десятилетия ХХ века литературные критики отмечали, что в ней вообще отсутствуют и сюжет, и фабула. Некоторые исследователи даже не решались назвать этот текст “художественным произведением”. В статье предпринята попытка показать, как Гроссман, говоря на темы в то время еще недопустимые: о системе лагерей, о Голодоморе и т.д. – изобретал совсем новый и смелый способ повествования. Кажущее пренебрежительное отношение Гроссмана к правилам композиции во “Все течет” вызвано потребностью рассказывать без лжи о неописуемом и невыразимом человеческом пути в лагере. В статье анализируются мотивы путешествия и сна, а также фигура умолчания, к которой Гроссман прибегает, чтобы выразить свое несогласие с фальшью социалистического реализма.
Keywords: Vasily Grossman, Everything flows, Gulag literature, Russian literature
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Галина Жиличева | “Ясность” и “связность” как смысловые доминанты нарратива В. Гроссмана (“За правое дело”, “Жизнь и судьба”)
В статье рассматриваются смысловые доминанты нарративной структуры романов В.С. Гроссмана. Анализируется смысловое поле концептов «ясности» и «связности», используемых в качестве маркеров ситуации «прозрения истины» в сюжете дилогии.
В результате исследования устанавливается, что большое количество повторов слов «ясный», «прозрачный», «свет», «связь», «нить» в романах Гроссмана объясняется сверхдетерминированностью данных знаков. Они являются элементом диалога с литературной традицией, отсылают к общеевропейскому визуальному коду, метафоре «ткани мироздания». Концепты «ясности» и «связности» акцентируют сложное взаимодействие дискурса «откровения» и дискурса «агитации» в коммуникативной структуре текстов Гроссмана. Кроме того, они являются и метанарративными маркерами: нарратив постулирует стремление к тотальной связности и ясности, обнаруживая «невидимые» нити и «очевидную» истину.
Keywords: Grossman, narrative, repetition, discourse strategy
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di Glottodidattica a cura di Giovanni Gobber
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica francese a cura di Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica inglese a cura di Amanda Murphy e Margherita Ulrych
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica russa a cura di Anna Bonola
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca a cura di Federica Missaglia
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rassegna di Tradizione della cultura classica a cura di Guido Milanese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Indice degli Autori

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