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Issue 1/2016

In this issue:

Sarah Bigi & Chiara Pollaroli | Marco Passarotti | Giovanni Palmieri | Jadranka Cergol | Alice Crosta | Elisa Ramazzina | Sara Scarpellini |  Federica Venier


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sarah Bigi e Chiara Pollaroli, La costruzione delle preferenze dei consumatori/ pazienti: il concetto di ‘alimentazione sana’ nei messaggi pubblicitari di prodotti alimentari
In this article we discuss how commercials about food contribute to the construc-tion of the concepts of ‘healthy, natural and genuine food’. We analyze a corpus of interviews by identifying all the passages in which consumers speak about products providing reasons for considering them ‘natural’ or ‘healthy’. By analyzing the ar-gumentation schemes and by relating them to the multimodality in the commer-cials, we describe the reasoning underlying consumers’ motivations.
Keywords: preferences; decision making; argumentative schemes; multimodal discourse analysis.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Passarotti, How Far Is Stanford from Prague (and vice versa)? Comparing Two Dependency-based Annotation Schemes by Network Analysis
The paper evaluates the differences between two currently leading annotation schemes for dependency treebanks. By relying on four treebanks, we demonstrate that the treatment of conjunctions and adpositions represents the core difference between the two schemes and that this impacts the topological properties of the linguistic networks induced from the treebanks. We also show that such properties are reflected in the performances of four probabilistic dependency parsers trained on the treebanks.
L’articolo valuta le differenze tra i due principali schemi di annotazione a dipenden-ze in uso. Sulla base di quattro treebank, l’articolo dimostra che il trattamento delle congiunzioni e delle pre/postposizioni rappresenta la differenza principale tra i due schemi e che ciò comporta delle conseguenze sulle proprietà topologiche dei net-work indotti dalle treebank. Inoltre, si dimostra come tali proprietà siano riflesse nell’accuratezza di quattro parser probabilistici a dipendenze addestrati sulle treebank.
Keywords: treebank, syntax, network analysis, natural language processing
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Palmieri, Saussure chiama, pascoli risponde. Nuove prospettive sulla ricerca anagrammatica
After a wide historical-philological reconstruction of the correspondence between Saussure and Pascoli, the article suggests new perspectives on the anagrammatic re-search. In particular Saussure could have discovered the “significants” and the “par-adigmatic series” thanks to his research on the phonics associations which are pre-sent in the anagrammatic structures of the language. An imaginary letter, which may be not so imaginary, closes the article by showing how Pascoli could have an-swered to Saussure regarding the issue of the anagrams included in the poetic text.
Keywords: anagram, hypogram, intentionality, vocal figure, autonomy of the signif-icants, games of signs, paradigmatic series, Freud.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Jadranka Cergol, Some typological features of ‘minority’ literature: the case of the Slovenian and Italian minorities
The aim of the article is to problematize the use of the term ‘minority’ literature. The term proposed by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari proves to be too narrow and applicable only to a part of the variety of minority literatures. The aim of the article is therefore to provide a new definition of ‘minority literature’ by taking into ac-count literature written by two minority groups, Slovenes living in Italy and Ital-ians living in Slovenia and Croatia. The article even goes a step forward and poses the question whether ‘minority literature’ could be regarded as a completely inde-pendent supranational literary system.
Keywords: minority literature, regional literature, Slovenes in Italy, Italians in Slo-venia and Croatia, interculturalism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Alice Crosta, Manzoni e la rivoluzione degli Stati Uniti
Manzoni’s essay on the French revolution includes an American chapter, in which the author regards the American revolution as more just and effective than the French revolution. In support of this thesis, he quotes several sources: George Ban-croft’s History of the United States, the preface of the Declaration of Independence and the preamble of the Constitution of the United States. In this paper it will be proved that Manzoni, who did not know the English language, used some transla-tions, which he did not quote in the footnotes: French translations of Bancroft’s History and of the Declaration of Independence, and an Italian translation of the American Constitution.
Keywords: Manzoni, United States, revolution, translations, Guizot, Bancroft.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Ramazzina, The Old English Genesis and Milton’s Paradise Lost: the characterisation of Satan
The aim of this study is to determine whether and to what extent the English poet John Milton may have been influenced in the composition of Paradise Lost by the Old English poem known as Genesis B. The paper will examine similarities and dif-ferences in the characterisation of Satan and of the temptation of Adam and Eve in both poems. The comparison between two of the illuminations of the Junius 11 ms. and the corresponding passages in Paradise Lost will be part of the analysis.
Keywords: Old English, Genesis, Satan, Milton, Junius 11 manuscript
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Scarpellini, Contributo per un’edizione critica della versione armena dell’Eutifrone di Platone: il manoscritto 1123 della Biblioteca dei Padri Mechitaristi di Venezia e l’edizione a stampa
The old Armenian Version of Plato’s Euthyphro is preserved in a unique manuscript (n. 1123) in the library of the San Lazzaro Fathers Mekitarists in Venice. In 1877 Fa-ther Suk‘rean edited this translation which was later studied by Frederick Cornwal-lis Conybeare in 1891 and by Roberto Solari in 1969, without re-examining the man-uscript accurately.
In this article, which is a first step to a future edition, I will submit the text of Fa-ther Suk‘rean’s work alongside an in-depth analysis of both the manuscript itself and the edition, in order to provide better readings from a philological and a lin-guistic point of view.
Keywords: Euthyphro, Plat, Armenian translation, manuscript
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Venier, Intorno al volume: la lengua del imperio. La retorica del imperialismo en Roma y la globalizacion
Keywords: political rhetoric; imperialism; propaganda; ancient Rome; United States of America.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

È possibile scaricare i files della rivista integrale in PDF cliccando here,  in ePub cliccando here,  in mobi (formato Kindle) cliccando here.

Issue 2/2015

In this issue:

L. Balbiani – F. Missaglia – R. Jaradat – A. Carminati – E. Musi – P. Spinozzi


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Balbiani, Kompositionsfreudige Italienreisende Wortbildungsphänomene in Reiseberichten aus drei Jahrhunderten
This paper focuses on the textual genre ‘travel report’ and analyses range and characteristics of nominal composition phenomena as they occur in a specific text corpus, put together to serve this purpose. Such phenomena are illustrated from a synchronic point of view, i.e. referred to one single text, but also diachronically, thanks to the contrastive analysis of texts written in three different centuries (from 1642 to 1958). The ongoing research provides significant indications about the morphosyntactical strategies used in these texts to build compound words and information about their main linguistic components, such as lexical units, confixes and connecting elements; but it is interesting also in a diachronic perspective, because it points out the development of these strategies and their changes in time as well as the growing specialisation of some compound-related elements. The corpus can also be evaluated with the aim of writing a history of this text genre and, of course, a linguistic history of travel, since it gives evidence about the constitution of a specialised language of tourism.
Keywords: compounding – travel accounts – language of tourism
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Verbale und non-verbale Kommunikation interkulturell: Eine sprachwissenschaftliche Perspektive für die Wirtschaft und die internationalen Beziehungen
Italian graduates with high competence in German language and extensive knowledge in the areas of Business Communication and/or International Relations are the target group of specific scientific investigations. These account for their competence level and analyse relevant intercultural aspects of communication with its verbal and non-verbal components. This paper describes a specific competence-profile for intercultural communication in knowledge-based, competitive and innovative Europe.
Keywords: intercultural communicatiuon, verbal and non-verbal aspects of communication, competence-profile for employability in Europe
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Riham JaradatUne lecture textuelle de la violence cachée dans le discours idéologique écrit : L’écriture et la différence comme exemple
Since there is a close affinity between ideology and written discourse, this study chose to trace the relationship between the discourse of Jacques Derrida – as manifested in his Writing and Difference – and intertextuality that involves some forms of ideology. By taking stock of a number of excerpts, it will discern traces of violence which demonstrate that Derrida ideologizes his text while deleting some other viewpoints and setting his own points of view so that they are consistent with his objectives and deconstructive approach. Bearing in mind the triangular relationship between writer, identity and ideology, this study will demonstrate the deconstructive approach of reading/ analyzing a text before rebuilding/ re-writing it.
 Keywords: Ideology – violence – deconstruction – Derrida – Intertextuality – written discourse
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Carminati, Sondaggi sul linguaggio di Clemente Rebora traduttore dal russo. Tra le novelle di Andreev e le prose di guerra
The interest in the Russian world which was clearly manifest in Clemente Rebora’s life in the period after the First World War has a significant role in his human and poetic path. This is particularly explicit in the translation of Eleazar the story written by Leonid Andreev, published in 1919 and in which Rebora recognizes the description of his own experience lived in the frontline. The latter is reflected in the process of translation which gives the opportunity to revealing the meaning of the works. This essay is driven within the area of Italian studies. It analyses Rebora’s Lazarus in the context of the coeve works of the Milanese poet, particularly the prose of war lyrics. It also identifies the parts where the translator, clearly distancing from the original without betraying it, allows his personal voice to emerge. The stylistic analysis shows how the resemblance of the translated works enables Rebora to give back the expressive peculiarity of Andreev’s language with Italian features.
Keywords: the experience of the war; translation; poetic language; Rebora; Andreev.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elena Musi, Argomentare parlando e parlare argomentando: la polisemia della parola ‘argomento’ nella Divina Commedia
This paper proposes a semantic analysis of the word ‘argomento’ in Dante’s Divine Comedy, from the perspective of argumentation theory. The term ‘argomento’, polysemous since its Latin origins, in addition to indicating the topic of a discourse, is part of the technical lexicon of argumentation. The results of the analysis show that i) the meanings associated with the term in the Divine Comedy always have a meta-argumentative value and are mutually metonymically connected; ii) there has been a progressive semantic intratextual change of the term in the three cantiche from indicator of pragmatic argumentation to indicator of knowledge argumentation. Finally, the analysis of the inferential configuration activated by the term in Paradise XXVI sheds light on the complex relationship between faith and reason underlying the entire work.
Keywords: argumentation, Divina Commedia, polysemy, semantics, argumentative indicator
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Spinozzi, “Preposterous thicks and thins”: i libri ideali di William Morris fra intermedialità e teoria sociale
Print and typography fulfil a peculiar role among the numerous expressions of the osmosis between verbal and visual art pursued by William Morris. His ideal book – a material object and an object d’art – raise fundamental questions about the interdependence of word and image, the connections between form and content, the role of art in society, the interactions between aesthetics and politics. The reasons why Morris criticized Giambattista Bodoni have been overlooked until now; they need to be investigated, because they reveal how aesthetic and ideological views intertwined in the late 19th and early 20th century evolution of typography and book design.
Keywords: William Morris; Giambattista Bodoni; ideal book; interartistic esthetics; social theory; utopia.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Editoria, autori, traduttori, pubblico: uno sguardo al percorso del libro nei secoli XVI-XVII e XX
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking here and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

CFP: Ecospeak and Ecocriticism: What Reciprocity Between Humanity and the Planet?

In 2016 the Journal “L’Analisi Linguistica e Letteraria” is publishing a thematic issue titled: Ecospeak and Ecocriticism: What Reciprocity Between Humanity and the Planet?

Since the end of last century our Planet Heart has become the object of an attention aimed at awakening environmental awareness. “Being” means today “being in a place” and the word ‘place’, as opposed to the more abstract ‘space’, has become an essential concept to rethink our way to inhabit the Planet. In this sense, Yi-Fu Tuan affirms that places are “centers of felt value”, because humans can develop a place-attachment but not a space-attachment, this last being a geometrical or topographical abstraction without sentimental bonds.

One of the theories exploring these matters is Ecocriticism, born with the “intent to include the environmental question in literary criticism, as it had already been done for civil rights and for the feminist and postcolonial question” (S. Iovino). Which points of view can then spread from such a perspective, not only on literary matters but inside a wider analysis taking into consideration the so called Ecospeak? How does communication treat the relationship humanity/nature?
 We invite to present contributions answering, from a synchronic and diachronic point of view, one or more of the following questions:

  • How does the Ecological question and consciousness modify the narration, both at discourse and contents level?
  • How do different literary traditions relate to the concept of Ecocriticism?
  • Is Ecocriticism compatible with the Christian conception of the creation?
  • Which argumentative strategies are used in ecocritical discourse and how are they transposed from one cultural field to another through translation?
  • Which communicative manipulations are put to use with respect to the new and increasingly widespread ecological sensibility?
  • How does the ecological crisis and the modern ecological awareness intervene in the relationship of humans with the place where they live?

We believe this last perspective to be particularly interesting to be explored in the year when EXPO 2015, titled Nutrire il Pianeta, Energia per la Vita, takes place in Milan. Moreover, the theme of sustainability, of intelligent and responsible growth, of attention to the Planet, to climate changes, to resources and raw materials are among the key points of Horizon 2020.

We invite submissions related, but not limited to, any of the aforementioned issues.

Deadline for submissions : 22 November 2015.

Papers, no longer than 20.000 characters with spaces, must be submitted online through the journal website : http://www.analisilinguisticaeletteraria.eu and must follow the journal stylesheet.

Authors will be notified of acceptance/rejection by April 2016.

Issue 2015/1

In this issue:

A. Cattani – F. H. van Eemeren – M.D. Aeschliman – V. Prencipe – V. Bogushevskaya – C. Naccarato – C. Macagno – G. Giardini


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Adelino Cattani, Il discorso di commiato del “più prolifico studioso di argomentazione al mondo”
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Frans H. van Eemeren, Sulla ragionevolezza
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo M.D. Aeschliman, A Dark Angel and His Masterpiece: Aldous Huxley and Brave New World
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Vittoria Prencipe, Origine e significato delle parole che parlano di cibo
The project aims to trace the semantic of the most commonly used words referred to food, beside ‘food’ and ‘nourishment’, through a prevailing etymological analysis, in order to highlight the differences that got lost in their current use. The second part of the article focuses on the concept of ‘feast’, convivium, a way to spend life together, upon which the Western idea of civilization is based.
Keywords: food, nourishment, banquet, civilization
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Victoria Bogushevskaya, Chinese GRUE: on the original meaning and evolution of qīng 青
One of the peculiarities of Chinese colour vocabulary is that the composite qīng 青category not only denotes green-blue continuum, but also extends into the macro-black area of a colour space. Qīng is one of the five canonical colours in China. Although it has a binary word formation function – as a radical in derived colour lexemes in wenyan and as a morpheme in compounds in Modern Standard Mandarin – it is not a basic colour term in contemporary Chinese, there are separate psychologically salient terms for ‘green’, ‘blue’ and ‘black’. The paper aims to provide semantic analysis of all the existing meanings of the polysemantic qīng, determines the sequence of their emergence and puts forward a hypothesis about the reasons for their syncretism.
Keywords: colour naming, grue, macro-category, qing, colour categorisation
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Chiara Naccarato, I composti verbali in russo
This paper is about verbal compounds in Russian. After a brief description of the main characteristics of verbal compounds and of the criteria used for their identification, Russian verbal compounds are classified on the basis of their morphological structure. Finally, the different types of verbal compounds are identified and the compounds that cannot be regarded as ‘verbal’ are excluded from this category.
Keywords: compounding, verbal compounds, Russian, argument structure
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Claudio Macagno, La poetica di titoli e copertine dei gialli di Dar’ja Doncova
This paper investigates the titles and the covers of Darya Dontsova’s detective novels. Starting from a number of considerations on the importance and function of the title in literary texts in general, the work focuses on the investigation of this phenomenon in mass popular literature, the genre which Dontsova’s novels belong to. The article describes the linguistic and semioic processes on which the choice of the titles and the covers is based. The principal semantic groups, the relationship between the titles of Dontsova’s novels and the series in which they are grouped are also examined. The numerous intertextual references that can be found in the titles on the one hand render the titles more attractive, on the other hand reveal a refined and sophisticated operation, the result of a poetic expression of our times.
Keywords: mass popular literature, detective story, Dar’ja Doncova, titology, intertextuality
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giorgia Giardini, Il messaggio sociale nel teatro di Miguel Hernández
Ce travail se propose d’illustrer la trajectoire sociale et politique de Miguel Hernández à travers ses pièces de théâtre : nous analyserons sa progressive adhésion au communisme et son activité de propagande pendant la Guerre Civile Espagnole. En même temps, nous décrirons plusieurs choix thématiques de l’auteur, avec une attention particulière à la caractérisation des personnages dans ses pièces engagées.

Keywords: Miguel Hernández, engaged theatre, characters, evolution

DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Recensioni
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giovanni Gobber, Rassegna di Linguistica generale e di glottodidattica
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Enrica Galazzi e Chiara Molinari, Rassegna di Linguistica francese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Margherita Ulrych e Amanda Murphy, Rassegna di Linguistica inglese
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Anna Bonola, Rassegna di Linguistica russa
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Missaglia, Rassegna di Linguistica tedesca

It is possible to download the entire journal as PDF file by clicking here, as ePub file by clicking here and also as mobi file (Kindle format) by clicking here.

Issue 2014/1-2

In this issue:

C. Assoni – T. Austenfeld – R. Barsky – F. Baucia – F. Bellini – B. Belloni – L. Bignotti – E. Bolchi – S. Carini – S. Cigada – M. Corradini – F. Crippa – C. Foppa Pedretti – G. Grata – F. Locatelli – F. Lonati – R. Marseglia – L. Mor – P. Nardi – D. Pagani – R. Pignataro – P. Ponti – F. Rognoni – S. Rosso – B. Saglietti – G. Segato – D. Vago – M. Verna


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DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Assoni, Fuga dalla modernità (fuga verso il mito). L’Escape nelle opere di Tolkien
The Lord of The Rings is not a book for children or a fantasy saga based on pure escape, but it’s an epic tale about surviving to the ugliness of modern life. In On Fairy-Stories, Tolkien explains his concept of ‘escape’: a vital impulse to ‘sub-creation’, a saving moment for every human being; its final product is the creation of a different world, shaped on Beauty, and placed in a mythical and eternal time. According to Tolkien, fantasy has three main functions: recovery, escape and consolation, intertwined in an indissoluble way. This refreshing fantasy allows men to escape from the prison of a life restricted by lies, meaningless formalities and influences. And through it, men can once again look to reality with freshness, seeing it without any present mark in a mythical air; escape starts a process that finds its fulfilment into the ‘eucatastrophe’, that is not only the simple ‘happy ending’ of fairy-stories, but is an echo of the Evangelium in the real
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Thomas Austenfeld, Fleeing, Flying, Staying, Leaving: The Persistence of Escape in American Literature
The creative potential inherent in the dual meaning of the verbs ‘to flee/to fly’, denoting both escape and movement through air, is illustrated in foundational American narratives of flight – in the forms of escape, abandonment, and thwarted departure – with notable gender variations. Barbara
Kingsolver’s 2012 novel Flight Behavior recapitulates this tradition even while extending it to the discourse of global climate change.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Robert Barsky, The Savage Pilgrimage: D.H. Lawrence’s Dialogic Journeys upon Monte Verità, the Mountain of Truth
At the center of D.H. Lawrence’s enormous corpus of poetry, short stories, novels, and literary criticism is Lady Chatterley’s Lover, one of a long line of censored classics described in a recent work as Dirt for Art Sake. Despite the popularity of Lawrence’s writings, however, and the notoriety he
gained from legal proceedings initiated against him in the name of censorship, few critics have situated his literary and cultural quest as regards his intense intellectual engagement with contemporary counter-culture in Germany and in Switzerland and many, perhaps as a consequence, deride or shun his more bawdy work. In this paper, I will argue that examples of contemporary counterculture, and in particular his engagement with ideas emanating from the anarchist, bohemian, nudist, sun-worshipping, vegetarian, artistic colony at Monte Verità, were key catalysts for the dialogic and carnivalesque qualities of works such as Sun and Lady Chatterley’s Lover. This talk will trace the historical and ideological tentacles that connect Lawrence’s work to contemporary counter-culture, and then conclude by linking his approach to the writings of M.M. Bakhtin, whose corpus reads like a ‘how-to’ manual for readers willing to truly engage Lawrence’s bawdy, earthy, dialogic writing.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Baucia, Fughe ‘dal’ tempo, fughe ‘nel’ tempo: Borges, McTaggart, Nabokov
This paper presents two different kinds of relationship between the concepts of ‘flight’ and ‘temporality’, which are resumed by two nabokovean sentences. We can call the first one ‘flight out of time’: this kind of relationship reveals a sceptical attitude towards the real existence of time, an attitude shared by writers (Borges) and philosophers (McTaggart). The second one can be called ‘flight in time’: according to Nabokov, temporality is at the heart of art and literature, and so it’s impossible to realize a true ‘escape’ from time. In this sense, the real aim of the good artist should be the flight in the pure medium of time, namely in the ‘texture’ (different from the ‘text’, the ‘content’, of time) of the temporal dimension.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federico Bellini, In fuga sulla sedia a dondolo: Murphy di Samuel Beckett
The paper deals with the significance of the rocking chair in Samuel Beckett’s novel Murphy, considered as an item of Beckett’s ‘geometrical symbolism’. I claim that the shape of the rocking chair can be interpreted in connection to Beckett’s interest in irrational numbers used as a means to explain his characters’ relation with the world. Moreover, I hint at how, under this light, the rocking chair can be related to another typical Beckettian prop, the bicycle, and show how the complementary symbolism of these two objects may serve as a paradigm for a typology of Beckett’s characters.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Belloni, Storia di una diaspora morisca: le istruzioni per la fuga verso Oriente nel manoscritto aljamiado 774 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Parigi
This article analyzes a fragment (ff. 37v-39r) of the Aljamiado manuscript n. 774 that belongs to the National Library in Paris. The study aims to reflect on the value of the document as a historical evidence of the flight to the East of some members of the Hispano-Muslim community, and to think about the considerable significance that the aljamiado-morisco production has in the Spanish literature of the 16th and 17th centuries.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Laura Bignotti, Fuga del tempo, fuga dal tempo: la poesia di Johann Ch. Günther (1695-1723)
The present article illustrates the presence and the evolution of the escape theme in the poetry of the late-baroque author Johann Christian Günther (1695-1723). This topic is to be found in the frequent lexical references to life’s fleeting nature that characterize Guenther’s early lyrics as well as in his late production, when he often mentions his desire to flee from a world, which is unable to receive his poetical message and, at the same time, from the declining Baroque conventions.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Elisa Bolchi, Fuga verso il presente. Un’analisi delle fughe in The Stone Gods di Jeanette Winterson
When The Stone Gods begins, an escape seems the only possibility to survive a planet, incredibly similar to ours, that is going to die. But this escape will be useless, because the new arrival, the new hope, will reveal to be our present, Planet Earth, that at the end of the novel is in such a bad condition
to offer, once again, escape as the only alternative. In Winterson’s novel, escape is a concept widely analyzed in different ways: escape from society, escape from the socially accepted ‘normality’, from cultural cages and, last but not least, escape from a dying out planet.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Carini, “La historia no la leemos, la releemos siempre”: fuga dall’archivio in Rodrigo Rey Rosa e Horacio Castellanos Moya
The article analyses the relationship between archive and history in two Centro American novels: El material humano by Rodrigo Rey Rosa and Insensatez by Horacio Castellanos Moya. The analysis clarifies how the search for collective identity into the archive appears to both protagonists as an escape from a present considered violent and chaotic but also as an escape from a tyrannical and silenced past that is still oppressing them. The escape is indeed frustrated by fear and paranoia deriving from the impossibility of revisiting and knowing the past in total freedom.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Sara Cigada, La Fuite dans Les Passions de l’âme (Descartes)
In his last treatise, Descartes defines human passions a problematic topic in his system. From a theoretical point of view, the human being is formed by an immaterial and a material substance, completely independent from each other. Nonetheless, passions surprisingly involve both reason and
body in a joint experience. Flight is an example Descartes often refers to in order to explain that man should be able, thanks to a hard training comparable to dog training, to resist any passion. But this not always the case. Furthermore, the instinct to flee may be regarded as an element of every passion. That is why it may also be considered as a hint to the deepest orientation towards good of any human action.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marco Corradini, Le sirene, la poesia, la morte. Appunti su Omero e Pascoli
Even though the Sirens’ song poses a deadly threat to whoever listens to it, it is also paralleled to knowledge and poetry itself. The present study examines the Homeric archetype and its rewriting in Giovanni Pascoli’s Ultimo viaggio (in Poemi conviviali, 1904), with a view to illustrating how in the former case the Sirens are a danger to steer clear of, while in the latter they are the ultimate goal of Ulysses’ quest for identity and the absolute – yet, this time the Sirens are silent and elusive.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesca Crippa, In fuga dalla storia, dagli stereotipi e dalle convenzioni sociali: il caso della ‘Pastora’ in Donde nadie te encuentre di Alicia Giménez-Bartlett
Within Alicia Giménez-Bartlett’s novel, Donde nadie te encuentre, the desire to escape follows two different directions. Teresa Pla Meseguer flies away from a society incapable of accepting her diversity. At the same time, the other characters of the novel experience a gradual process of estrangement from the ideals of Francisco Franco’s Spain. The aim of this work is to reread the text according to this point of view, underlining how the author deals with the theme of the flight as a way to project oneself towards a new vital dimension that all the characters seem to desire.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Clara Foppa Pedretti, In fuga dalla tirannia, dall’odio e dal perdono: Urania Cabral in La fiesta del Chivo di Mario Vargas Llosa
Rafael Trujillo is known as one of the most vicious and ruthless dictators to have afflicted Latin America. His regime, which for thirty-one years oppressed Dominican people, came to an end on the day of his assassination, the 30th of May of 1961. In 2000, Mario Vargas Llosa published La Fiesta del Chivo, a novel that recounts the last fifteen days of the Dominican despot. The protagonist of the work, Urania, is the daughter of Agustín Cabral, one of the senators of Trujillo. After more than thirty years in the United States, she returns to Santo Domingo. Through her story we learn of the barbaric violence and bitter betrayal that led her to flee from an indelible and incurable sorrow, which will mark her existence. This paper aims at analyzing how Urania’s escapes are, at different times, both a separation and a rapprochement with her life and origins in the constant search for
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulia Grata, Montale contra Rimbaud: la Bildung di “chi rimane a terra”
The essay deals with Montale’s reading of Rimbaud. It carries out a comparative analysis of two narrative long poems written by the authors in their youth: Mediterraneo (1925) and Bateau ivre (1883). Both poems deal with the relationship between the poet and the sea and represent the sea as an allegory of language and of poetry. They have a similar structure, that of a Bildungsroman, but their endings are opposite. There are in Mediterraneo several allusions to the Bateau ivre suggesting that Montale is refusing and going beyond the idea of man and of poetry which underpins Symbolism.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Federica Locatelli, Des lignes de fuite vers le moi : Henri Michaux
Since the very beginning, Henri Michaux’s poetry has investigated the topic of being, namely its definition, its extent and its boundaries, through the instrument of writing. According to the poet’s vision, human being is “multiple, complexe et d’ailleurs fuyant”; as a consequence, poetry, whose main objective is “questionner, ausculter, approcher le problème de l’être” (Passages), cannot but witness this protean and elusive tendency. Therefore, in the context of a poetic production focused on the theme of the escape, the self, “[qui] est et se voudrait ailleurs, essentiellement autre”, shall overflow its physical and linguistic boundaries, dissolving into many “lignes de fuite”/ “convergence lines” (Deleuze-Guattari), which represent the real issue treated in Michaux’s poetry. As we hope to demonstrate by the analysis of some pages of Plume, La Vie dans les plis, Face aux verrous, the escape and moving of the self, including its body and identity, are not the result of arbitrary imaginative work, but the most suitable poetic strategy allowing the reader to grasp the real objective of art, that is to say the inexhaustible longing for self-understanding, as well as understanding of others.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Franco Lonati, Un’anabasi metropolitana. The Warriors di Sol Yurick
Escape is one of the narrative and stylistic elements on which noir fiction – one of the distinctive genres of 20th century American literature – is based. My paper focuses on an example of modern and atypical noir fiction, a virtually unknown novel written by Sol Yurick and titled The Warriors,
whose film adaptation, paradoxically enough, has come to further obscure it. The novel, treading the same path as authors like David Goodis and Dorothy Hughes, centres around an escape (both physical and metaphorical), but it departs from standard practice in the characteristics, motives and
meanings that the escape assumes over the course of narration. These peculiar characteristics are the subject of my paper.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rocco Marseglia, OEdipe, un héros en fuite
This paper aims to highlight the various ‘escapes’ marking the various moments of Oedipus’ mythological story as it arises in Oedipus Rex by Sophocles. T x hough Laius has pierced his son’s feet in order to prevent him from escaping, Oedipus arrives in Corinth; after he discovering that he is not Polybus’ real child, he resumes his escape and arrives in Thebes, his true homeland. Here, he will see the truth and flee into exile. Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex stages this Theban stay of Oedipus, closed between two parallel escapes.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Lucia Mor, La fuga negata. Marie Luise Kaschnitz e il nazismo
In January 1946 the German writer Marie Luise Kaschnitz published the essay Von der Schuld (On Guilt) on the journal Die Wandlung (The Change). In this essay, several months after the end of the war, she replies to the charges made against the German people of having allowed the Nazi to drag the whole world into the Second World War. Kaschnitz’s essay is a neglected document of the still unfinished debate around the guilt of those Germans who did not take position against Adolf Hitler. The text does not merely serve as evidence for accusing or acquitting the writer and those who, like her, called themselves cowards for not having spoken against the regime; it rather allows for the understanding of the causes of the Innere Emigration, a phenomenon caused by the paralyzing power of the regime of terror that hindered for most people the opportunity to flee, including towards their own conscience.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Nardi, Runaway Women Slaves: From Slave Narratives to Contemporary Rewritings
This essay deals with the theoretical treatment of slave narratives written by women through an overview of the recent critical debate on this topic. It then considers two texts, Harriet Jacob’s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl: Written by Herself f published in 1861 and Toni Morrison’s Beloved published in 1987, both exemplary texts respectively of the autobiographical writing by slave women and of the ‘neo-slave narrative’, contemporary novels where the historical phenomenon of slavery still deeply influences contemporary society. Neo-slave narratives profoundly differ from slave narratives being the former fictional renditions and the latter autobiographical accounts of supposedly true events. Their differences notwithstanding, neo-slave narratives testify to the unending vitality of one of the first and most influential traditions in African American literature and culture, and to the centrality that the history and the memory of slavery still have in molding the United States.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Daniela Pagani, Fuga da Israele – Il caso dello scrittore Eshkol Nevo
In The yiddish policemen’s union, Michael Chabon imagines a world without Israel, where Jewish people have established a state in Alaska; Aharon Appelfeld in his last novel The boy who wanted to sleep, faces the theme of settling in a new homeland; Philip Roth, in a beautifully absurd book, tells
about his alter ego who arrives in Jerusalem to promote a diaspora project, which consists in forcing Jewish people to leave Palestine. Eshkol Nevo, one of the most authentic voices of new Jewish fiction, in a kind of epic story, Neuland, dreams about a tiny Jewish City of the sun in South America:
“My characters are trapped in the same way that their own country is trapped. Going away sets them free”. An analysis of how poetic creation is able to celebrate what could have been if things would have had the strength to go differently.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Rosa Pignataro, La fuga dell’‘Io’ narrativo nel romanzo del dopoguerra spagnolo
My contribution arises from the attempt to analyse some of the most significant novels of the Spanish post-war, since the 1940s until the 1960s-‘70s. In particular, I analyze the ‘escape’ of the ‘self ’ from the narration. The works studied are: La familia de Pascual Duarte and La Colmena by Camilo
José Cela, El camino by Miguel Delibes, andVolverás a Región by Juan Benet.The first of the novels in question is marked by the presence of a strong and pervasive Yo, Pascual’s narration represents the roundness of the autobiography. The ‘escape’, the breakup till the total rupture of the narrative pact between author and reader, becomes a reality with a novel of the next decade, El camino, in which an omniscient narrator filters the autobiographical experience through the eyes of children. The next step is the infinite multiplication of the representation of the self in a mosaic repetition of narrative voices and characters in La Colmena. The escape of the ego reaches the full realization with the novel Volverás a Región that stigmatizes the total anonymity of narration given by an omniscient narrator who, breaking the rules of the traditional narrative, introduces the reader in an undefined space where the ‘I’ floats and reveals what the characters say and feel but confusing names and events to prove the condition of ruin of human existence.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Paola Ponti, “Dobbiamo ritentare la fuga”. L’inizio e i finali delle Avventure di Pinocchio
In Le Avventure di Pinocchio, three episodes deserve special attention, for they open and close the puppet’s story: the flight from his father at the beginning of the book (chapter III), the flight from the murderers, which ends the part published in 1881 in the “Giornale per i bambini” (chapters
XIV-XV) and, finally, the flight from the Shark, which marks the end of the final version of the work, published in 1883 by Paggi (chapters XXXV-XXXVI). The analysis has enabled to point out how the relationship reason-instinct marks an evolution in Pinocchio’s modes of flight, leaving unaltered, however, the fundamental structure. The mechanism of both endings is organized according to a closed form, that, having death as a starting point and as an outcome, poses itself as an alternative to the character growing up.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Francesco Rognoni, Fuga in Franciacorta. Alessandro Spina e Joseph Conrad
The essay is a survey of the works of Alessandro Spina (1927-2013), undoubtly the most important postcolonial Italian novelist, emphasizing his lifelong ‘dialogue’ with Joseph Conrad’s works. The theme of ‘flight’ or ‘escape’, present everywhere in the novels (and in the lives) of both authors, is a leitmotif of the article. Almost paradoxically, Conrad’s best known structural feature (his use of the character-narrator) is shown to be more recognizable in those novels of Spina’s that take place in Italy, among the upper bourgeoisie, than those belonging to his ‘African cycle’.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Stefano Rosso, Note sulla fuga (e sull’inseguimento) nel western americano
As it is well known, the escape motif is typical of American fiction, but acquires a clear and formulaic centrality in the Western genre. However, particularly after WWII, this apparently conservative genre, has produced some narratives in which the ideology of the American Dream is radically questioned. This short essay highlights the revisionistic move of some Western novelists such as Elmore Leonard, Charles Portis and others, who followed their example.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Benedetta Saglietti, Ritiro dalle scene, fuga per quartetto vocale, radio contrappuntistica: fugue ed escape in Glenn Gould
The pianist Glenn Gould quit the concert stage at the peak of his career (1964). At the same time he composed So you want to write a fugue?, for four-part chorus of mixed voices with strings (or piano) accompaniment, a sort of ironic hyperbole that makes fun of ‘classical’ western music. Then Gould
invented ‘contrapuntal radio’ in which independent voices are intertwined without any thematic elaboration. In 1967 the ‘docudrama’ The Idea of North opened The Solitude Trilogy. Gould, hidden behind radio editing, transfigured his personal escape in radio art. Using the writings of Gould, some of which have never been translated into Italian, the discussion of So you want to write a fugue? and The Idea of North, I would like to clarify how the escape from the world of Gould has been refined through the fugue and counterpoint.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Giulio Segato, Fleeing War. Due strategie di diserzione letteraria:I parenti del Sud di Carlo Montella e Going After Cacciato di Tim O’Brien
This paper investigates two kinds of desertions represented in two war novels: Carlo Montella’s I parenti del Sud and Tim O’Brien’s Going After Cacciato. I claim that the desertions described in these novels are directly linked with the specific war that is the backdrop of the book. The hero of I
parenti del sud, still confused by Fascist ideology, deserts and runs away to a relative’s house in order to clear his head. Instead, in Going After Cacciato the protagonist’s desertion seems to have the same grotesque and bizarre traits of the background conflict: The Vietnam War.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Davide Vago, Proust, fuir l’oralité pour trouver un accent
Proust has always asserted that salon conversation is incompatible with the noiseless shrine where a writer devotes himself to literature. Nonetheless, the more Proust confines himself in his cork-lined room to escape the transient voices of the world, the more ‘orality’ emerges from his writing as the
equivalent not of ‘voice’, but rather of ‘accent’. In this paper I investigate this paradox by examining the episode concerning Bergotte’s voice, which seems so eccentric to the narrator.
DOWNLOAD dell'articolo Marisa Verna, Le fugitif. Fuir la vérité dans la Recherche du temps perdu
Everyone knows that Proust’s Recherche is the history of an artistic vocation, the history of a quest of truth. Truth, however, is not easily found and hides itself away. The novel’s hero hides himself, he flees during three thousand pages to avoid facing his artistic mission. This article aims to analyse this flight and it is structured in three parts: the flight of friendship, the flight of love and the flight from literature, Marcel’s final attempt to indulge in divertissement, wasting the true time of beauty for urbane life. Only when sorrow and mourning lead him to the obscurity of the self, can the novel’s hero take upon himself his artistic duty. In effect, if Albertine is the Fugitive, if it is she who physically disappears, it is Marcel who keeps on fleeing in his uninterrupted ‘fugue’, in the double meaning of ‘flight’ and of “a contrapuntal composition in which a short melody or phrase is introduced by one part and successively taken up by others and developed by interweaving the parts”. This last meaning is only possible in the night of sorrow and in the desert of absence.

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