In questo numero:
G. Agresti – D. Lovascio – L. Conti Camaiora – D. Vago – F. H. Van Eemeren
Giovanni Agresti, Il motivo del “manoscritto genetico” nei romanzi arturiani francesi in versi (1150-1250 ca.) / 2-3
In the first part of our work studies related to the literary theme of the “genetic manuscript” were carried out, now in the second, we will proceed with the analysis of the corpus. There are twenty pieces, organized in four paragraphs and arranged in chronological order (from the middle of the twelfth century to the middle of the thirteenth century) which narrate in French verse the Arthurian legends: from the birth of roman, to the works of Chrétien de Troyes, up to the “post-Chrétien” verses and other contemporary works. This analysis gives us the opportunity of putting forward certain considerations regarding the nature and the cultural aspect of the literary theme studied by us.
Domenico Lovascio, Ariosto, Gascoigne e The Taming of the Shrew
The essay aims to offer a thorough analysis of the influence exerted by Ludovico Ariosto’s I Suppositi on William Shakespeare’s The Taming of The Shrew through George Gascoigne’s translation, Supposes, and to underscore how crucial a painstaking study of sources can prove to the understanding, in a historical perspective, of the depth and complexity of Shakespeare’s theatre. First, the article briefly introduces the Italian commedia erudita and I Suppositi, and examines the changes to the source text made in translation by Gascoigne. Then, a survey is provided of some of the most important critical stances on the topic. Finally, an analysis of the various elements which Shakespeare borrowed from his source (characters, plot, verbal echoes) shows how he refashioned them in order to expand their dramatic potential as well as to make his comedy an apt ground for reflection on ethical themes of great topicality in Elizabethan society.
Luisa Conti Camaiora, “From Spenser’s Proems in The Faerie Queene to Keats’s Introductions in Endymion”
The article documents and investigates the continual interest and appreciation of the Romantic poet, John Keats, for the work of the Renaissance poet, Edmund Spenser, and in particular, for the latter’s epic poem, The Faerie Queene. It is sustained that when Keats came to make his first attempt at a “long poem”, his poetic romance, Endymion, he kept particularly in mind Spenser’s six Proems, namely, the introductory parts to each of the six books that constitute the epic. The article analyzes the thematic contents as also the poetic and political motifs present in these Proems and it argues that Keats was strongly influenced by these elements in the composition of the four introductory sections of his Endymion. The comparison shows how, in these introductions, the presence of the Proems of The Faerie Queene explicates itself not only in the way Keats imitates and re-elaborates features present in Spenser but also in the way in which he assumes contrary and contrasting attitudes.
Davide Vago, “Un bruit de cailloux roulés au fond de ses paroles”: quelques notes à propos de M. de Charlus dans Le temps retrouvé de Marcel Proust.
The essay proposes the analysis of a passage from Proust’s Le Temps retrouvé concerning the last meeting of the hero with M. de Charlus, who is completely transformed by the illness and by the passing of time. The analysis is organized around the different meanings that Proust gives to the word ‘metamorphosis’: the transformations operated by Time on the body; Charlus taking the features of other characters; the continuous alterations in Proust’s tormented writing, from the drafts to the ‘final’ version. The hero needs these manifold metamorphoses to meditate on the ambiguous and baroque ‘show’ of Time’s victims; above all, the author needs them to see his work from the right distance.
Frans H. Van Eemeren, Argumentation Theory After the New Rhetoric
In Argumentation Theory after the New Rhetoric, Frans H. van Eemeren characterizes the New Rhetoric developed by Chaim Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca as neo-classical contribution to the study of argumentation because of its basis in classical rhetoric and its impact on modern argumentation theory. First, he compares the New Rhetoric with Toulmin’s neo-classical contribution to the study of argumentation. Second, he sketches the impact of the New Rhetoric on the dominant approaches to argumentation: the formal dialectical approach, informal logic, radical argumentativism, modern rhetorical approaches, and the pragma-dialectical approach. He pays due attention to the modern separation between dialectic and rhetoric and to a recent attempt to bridge the gap with the help of the notion of strategic manoeuvring. Third, he discusses some problem areas that are affected by insights from the New Rhetoric, such as the study of argument schemes, and, to a lesser extent, the fallacies. Fourth, he elucidates influences from the New Rhetoric that have shaped certain problem areas: those of rationality, reasonableness and value judgements, the universal audience, dissociation, presence, and argumentation in the field of law.
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